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Pauli exclusion principle
The Pauli exclusion principle is the quantum mechanical principle that says that two identical fermions (particles with half-integer spin) cannot occupy the same quantum state simultaneously. In the c...
Pauli exclusion principle - Wikipedia
What are the Pauli Exclusion Principle, Aufbau Principle, and Hunds ...
Nov 7, 2011 ... What are the Pauli Exclusion Principle, Aufbau Principle, and Hunds Rule? They are rules we use to fill electron orbital filling diagrams. Fill from ...
Symmetry in quantum mechanics
Symmetries in quantum mechanics describe features of spacetime and particles which are unchanged under some transformation, in the context of quantum mechanics, relativistic quantum mechanics and quan...
Electron degeneracy pressure
Electron degeneracy pressure is a particular manifestation of the more general phenomenon of quantum degeneracy pressure. The Pauli exclusion principle disallows two identical half-integer spin partic...
Force carrier
In particle physics, force carriers are particles that give rise to forces between other particles. These particles are bundles of energy (quanta) of a particular kind of field. There is one kind of f...
Slater determinant
In quantum mechanics, a Slater determinant is an expression that describes the wavefunction of a multi-fermionic system that satisfies anti-symmetry requirements and consequently the Pauli principle ...
Slater determinant - Wikipedia
Identical particles
Identical particles, also called indistinguishable or indiscernible particles, are particles that cannot be distinguished from one another, even in principle. Species of identical particles include, b...
Identical particles - Wikipedia
Homotopy
In topology, two continuous functions from one topological space to another are called homotopic (Greek ὁμός (homós) = same, similar, and τόπος (tópos) = place) if one can be "continuously deformed" i...
Homotopy - Wikipedia
Exchange interaction
In physics, the exchange interaction is a quantum mechanical effect between identical particles. (Actually, one should better speak only of the exchange energy, or the exchange term, to avoid the in...
Antisymmetrizer
In quantum mechanics, an antisymmetrizer (also known as antisymmetrizing operator ) is a linear operator that makes a wave function of N identical fermions antisymmetric under the exchange of the co...
Antisymmetrizer - Wikipedia
Exchange force
In physics the term exchange force has been used to describe two distinct concepts which should not be confused.
The preferred meaning of exchange force is in particle physics, where it denotes a ...
Braid statistics
In mathematics and theoretical physics, braid statistics is a generalization of the statistics of bosons and fermions based on the concept of braid group. A similar notion exists using a loop braid g...
Braid statistics - Wikipedia