Pechenegs
The Pechenegs or Patzinaks were a semi-nomadic Turkic people of the Central Asian steppes speaking the Pecheneg language which belonged to the Turkic language family. Three of the ruling clans of the...
Pechenegs - Wikipedia
Battle of Beroia
The Battle of Beroia (modern Stara Zagora) was fought in 1122 between the Pechenegs and the Byzantine Empire under Emperor John II Komnenos (r. 1118–1143) in what is now Bulgaria. The Byzantine army w...
Battle of Beroia - Wikipedia
Theodora Komnene Angelina
Theodora Komnene (born 15 January 1096), was a Byzantine noblewoman, being the fourth daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. She married admiral Constantine Angelos, by whom she ha...
Siege of Kiev (968)
The siege of Kiev by the Pechenegs in 968 is documented in the Primary Chronicle, whose account freely mixes historical details with folklore.According to the chronicle, while Svyatoslav I of Kiev was...
Siege of Kiev (968) - Wikipedia
Kankalis
Kankalis, Qanqlis, or Kangly (Kanglı/Qangli) were a Turkic people of Eurasia. They were supposedly related or part of the Pechenegs. Alternatively they could have been Kipchaks. The relationship of th...
John Zonaras
John Zonaras (Greek: Ἰωάννης Ζωναρâς, Iōánnēs Zōnarãs; fl. 12th century) was a Byzantine chronicler and theologian who lived at Constantinople. Under Emperor Alexios I Komnenos he held the of...
Seljuq campaigns in the Aegean
The Seljuq campaigns in the Aegean refer to the ground and naval actions conducted by the Seljuk Turks, chiefly under the leadership of Tzachas of Smyrna against the Byzantine Empire. A fierce opponen...
Chorni Klobuky
Chorni Klobuky (Ukrainian - Чорні Клобуки - "Black Hats (Hoods)"; Turkic Karakalpak or Qaraqalpaq) were a group of semi-nomadic Turkic tribes that settled on the frontier between the Rus states and th...
Battle of Arcadiopolis (970)
The Battle of Arcadiopolis was fought in 970 between a Byzantine army under Bardas Skleros and a Rus' army, the latter also including allied Bulgarian, Pecheneg and Magyar contingents. In the precedin...
Battle of Arcadiopolis (970) - Wikipedia
Isaac Komnenos (son of Alexios I)
Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus (Greek: Ἰσαάκιος Κομνηνός, Isaakios Komnēnos; 16 January 1093 – after 1152) was the third son of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118) and Empress I...
Isaac Komnenos (son of Alexios I) - Wikipedia
Nikephoros Katakalon
Nikephoros Euphorbenos Katakalon (Greek: Νικηφόρος Εὐφορβηνός Κατακαλών) was a Byzantine aristocrat and son-in-law of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118).He was the son of the distinguished ...
Nikephoros Katakalon - Wikipedia
Kuchug
Kuchug was a Pecheneg khan who ruled during the 990s CE. The Nikol'sk Chronicle relates that Kuchug converted to Christianity around the year 990. Kuchug (Modern Turkish: Küçük) means 'little, small' ...
Pecheneg language
Pecheneg is the extinct Turkic language spoken by the Pechenegs in Eastern Europe (most of Ukraine, parts of southern Russia, Moldova and Hungary) in the 7th–12th centuries.It is most likely a member...
Pecheneg language - Wikipedia
Alexios I Komnenos
Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Although he was not ...
Alexios I Komnenos - Wikipedia
Leo of Chalcedon
Leo of Chalcedon was an 11th-century Eastern Orthodox bishop at Chalcedon who opposed the appropriation of church treasures by Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos between 1081 and 1091.Alexios I was ...
Anna Komnene
Anna Komnene, Latinized as Comnena (Greek: Ἄννα Κομνηνή, Anna Komnēnē; 1 December 1083 – 1153), was a Greek princess, scholar, physician, hospital administrator, and the daughter of Emperor Alexio...
Kykkos Monastery
Kykkos Monastery (Greek: Ιερά Μονή Κύκκου or Κύκκος [[ˈt͡ʃikʰos]] for short, Turkish: Cikko Manastırı), which lies 20 km west of Pedoulas, is one of the wealthiest and best-known monaster...
Kykkos Monastery - Wikipedia
Metiga
Metiga was a Pecheneg ruler who allied himself with Vladimir I of Kiev around the year 988 CE. Metiga assisted with the capture of Cherson by Vladimir, who converted to Christianity shortly after the ...
Siege of Nicaea
The Siege of Nicaea took place from May 14 to June 19, 1097, during the First Crusade.
Nicaea (İznik), located on the eastern shore of Lake İznik, had been captured from the Byzantine Empire by th...
Siege of Nicaea - Wikipedia
Gagauz people
The Gagauz people are a Turkic-speaking group living mostly in southern Moldova (Gagauzia), southwestern Ukraine (Budjak), southeastern Romania (Dobrogea), northeastern Bulgaria, Greece, Brazil, Unite...
Gagauz people - Wikipedia
Kurya (khan)
Kurya was the name of a Pecheneg khan who allied with Svyatoslav I of Kiev in his campaigns in the Balkans. Later, after Svyatoslav's defeat by the Byzantine Empire, Kurya ambushed and killed the Kiev...
Battle of Levounion
The Battle of Levounion was the first decisive Byzantine victory of the Komnenian restoration. On April 29, 1091, an invading force of Pechenegs was crushed by the combined forces of the Byzantine Emp...
Siege of Nicaea (1113)
The Siege of Nicaea of 1113 occurred in the course of the Byzantine-Seljuk wars.Following the success of the First Crusade and the failure of the Crusade of 1101, the Turks resumed their offensive ope...