Pentateuch
Torah (/ˈtɔːrəˌˈtoʊrə/; Hebrew: תּוֹרָה, "Instruction, Teaching"), or the Pentateuch (/ˈpɛntəˌtuːk, -ˌtjuːk/), is the central concept in the religious Judaic tradition. It has a range of meanings. It ...
Pentateuch - Wikipedia
Mosaic authorship
Mosaic authorship is the Jewish tradition (later adopted by Christian scholars) that the Torah was dictated to Moses by God, with the exception of the last eight verses of Deuteronomy, which describe ...
Mosaic authorship - Wikipedia
Documentary hypothesis
The documentary hypothesis (DH), sometimes called the Wellhausen hypothesis, proposes that the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible) was derived from originally independent, parallel and comp...
Documentary hypothesis - Wikipedia
Torah reading
Torah reading (Hebrew: קריאת התורה, K'riat HaTorah ; "Reading [of] the Torah"; Yiddish: Kriyas HaToire) is a Jewish religious tradition that involves the public reading of a set of passag...
Torah reading - Wikipedia
Biblical law
Biblical law refers to the legal aspects of the Bible, the holy scriptures of Judaism and Christianity.
Oral Torah
According to Rabbinic Judaism, the "Oral Torah" or "Oral Law" (Hebrew: תורה שבעל פה, Torah she-be-`al peh, lit "Torah that is spoken") represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations th...
Oral Torah - Wikipedia
Kabbalah
Kabbalah (Hebrew: קַבָּלָה‎, literally "receiving/tradition" is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism. A traditional Kabbalist in Judaism is called a M...
Kabbalah - Wikipedia
Sefer Torah
A Sefer Torah (Hebrew: ספר תורה‎; plural: ספרי תורה Sifrei Torah ; "Book(s) of Torah" or "Torah scroll(s)") is a handwritten copy of the Torah, the holiest book within Judaism. It must meet...
Sefer Torah - Wikipedia
Biblical law in Christianity
The "Old Covenant", also referred to as the Mosaic covenant, the Law of Moses, divine law, Biblical law or God's Law, refers to the religious law codified in the first five books (Pentateuch) of the O...
Biblical law in Christianity - Wikipedia
Islam and Judaism
Islamic–Jewish relations started in the 7th century CE with the origin and spread of Islam in the Arabian peninsula. The two religions share similar values, guidelines, and principles. Islam also inc...
Islam and Judaism - Wikipedia
Tawrat
Tawrat (also Tawrah or Taurat; Arabic: توراة‎) is the Arabic word for the Torah. Muslims believe it was a holy book of Islam given by God to Musa (Moses). The Hebrew word for their scripture...
Shekhinah
Shekinah, Shechinah, Shechina, or Schechinah (Hebrew: שכינה‎; Arabic: السكينة‎), is the English transliteration of a Hebrew noun meaning dwelling or settling, and denotes the dwelling...
History of the Jews under Muslim rule
By the time of the Muslim conquests of the 7th century, ancient Jewish communities had existed in many parts of the Middle East and North Africa since Antiquity. Jews under Islamic rule were given the...
History of the Jews under Muslim rule - Wikipedia
People of the Book
People of the Book (Arabic: أهل الكتاب ‎ ′Ahl al-Kitāb) are the Jews and Christians.In Islam, the Muslim scripture, the Qur'an, is taken to represent the completion of these scriptures, and ...
Triennial cycle
The Triennial cycle of Torah reading may refer to the historical practice in ancient Israel by which the entire Torah was read in serial fashion over a three-year period, or to the practice adopted by...
Simchat Torah
Simchat Torah or Simḥath Torah (also Simkhes Toreh, Hebrew: שִׂמְחַת תּוֹרָה, lit., "Rejoicing of/[with the] Torah") is a Jewish holiday that celebrates and marks the conclusion of the annual cycle of...
Simchat Torah - Wikipedia
God in Judaism
The conception of God in Judaism is strictly monotheistic. God is an absolute one, indivisible and incomparable being who is the ultimate cause of all existence. Jewish tradition teaches that the true...
God in Judaism - Wikipedia
Gevil
Gevil or Gewil (Hebrew: גוויל‎) is animal hide that has been prepared as a writing material in Jewish scribal documents, in particular a Sefer Torah (Torah scroll).According to most views of Jew...
Gevil - Wikipedia
Gilgul
Gilgul/Gilgul neshamot/Gilgulei Ha Neshamot (Heb. גלגול הנשמות, Plural: גלגולים Gilgulim) describes a Kabbalistic concept of reincarnation. In Hebrew, the word gilgul means "cycle" or "wheel" and nes...
Gilgul - Wikipedia
Lurianic Kabbalah
Lurianic Kabbalah is a school of kabbalah named after the Jewish rabbi who developed it: Isaac Luria (1534–1572; also known as the "ARI'zal", "Ha'ARI" or"Ha'ARI Hakadosh"). Lurianic Kabbalah gave a se...
Lurianic Kabbalah - Wikipedia
Pardes (Jewish exegesis)
Pardes refers to (types of) approaches to biblical exegesis in rabbinic Judaism or to interpretation of text in Torah study. The term, sometimes also spelled PaRDeS, is an acronym formed from the nam...
Gematria
Gematria is an Assyro-Babylonian system of numerology later adopted by Jews that assigns numerical value to a word or phrase in the belief that words or phrases with identical numerical values bear so...
Gematria - Wikipedia
Early Islamic philosophy
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting unt...
Early Islamic philosophy - Wikipedia
Abraham
Abraham (/ˈeɪbrəˌhæm, -həm/ (Hebrew: אַבְרָהָם‎,  listen )), originally Abram, is the first of the three biblical patriarchs. His story, told in chapters 11 through 25 of the Book of G...
Abraham - Wikipedia
History of the Levant
The Levant is a geographical term that refers to a large area in Southwest Asia, south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the west, the Arabian Desert in the south, and Mesop...
Isaac Luria
Isaac (ben Solomon) Luria Ashkenazi (1534 – July 25, 1572) (Hebrew: יִצְחָק בן שלמה לוּרְיָא אשכנזי Yitzhak Ben Sh'lomo Lurya Ashkenazi), commonly known as "Ha'ARI" (meaning "The Lion"), "Ha'ARI Hakad...
Isaac Luria - Wikipedia
Kabbalah: Primary Texts
The primary texts of Kabbalah were once part of an ongoing oral tradition. The written texts are obscure and difficult for readers who are unfamiliar with Jewish spirituality which assumes extensive k...
Kabbalah: Primary Texts - Wikipedia
Temurah (Kabbalah)
Temurah is one of the three ancient methods used by Kabbalists to rearrange words and sentences in the Bible, in the belief that by this method they can derive the esoteric substratum and deeper spiri...
Notaricon
Notarikon (Hebrew: נוטריקון, Noṭariqōn‎) is a method of deriving a word, by using each of its initial (Hebrew: ראשי תיבות) or final (Hebrew: סופי תיבות) letters to stand for another, to form a s...
Biblical narratives and the Qur'an
The Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam, contains references to more than fifty people and events also found in the Bible. While the stories told in each book are generally comparable in most ...
Biblical narratives and the Qur'an - Wikipedia