Pentateuch
Torah (/ˈtɔːrəˌˈtoʊrə/; Hebrew: תּוֹרָה, "Instruction, Teaching"), or the Pentateuch (/ˈpɛntəˌtuːk, -ˌtjuːk/), is the central concept in the religious Judaic tradition. It has a range of meanings. It ...
Pentateuch - Wikipedia
Mosaic authorship
Mosaic authorship is the Jewish tradition (later adopted by Christian scholars) that the Torah was dictated to Moses by God, with the exception of the last eight verses of Deuteronomy, which describe ...
Mosaic authorship - Wikipedia
Documentary hypothesis
The documentary hypothesis (DH), sometimes called the Wellhausen hypothesis, proposes that the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible) was derived from originally independent, parallel and comp...
Documentary hypothesis - Wikipedia
Torah reading
Torah reading (Hebrew: קריאת התורה, K'riat HaTorah ; "Reading [of] the Torah"; Yiddish: Kriyas HaToire) is a Jewish religious tradition that involves the public reading of a set of passag...
Torah reading - Wikipedia
Biblical law
Biblical law refers to the legal aspects of the Bible, the holy scriptures of Judaism and Christianity.
Oral Torah
According to Rabbinic Judaism, the "Oral Torah" or "Oral Law" (Hebrew: תורה שבעל פה, Torah she-be-`al peh, lit "Torah that is spoken") represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations th...
Oral Torah - Wikipedia
Kabbalah
Kabbalah (Hebrew: קַבָּלָה‎, literally "receiving/tradition" is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism. A traditional Kabbalist in Judaism is called a M...
Kabbalah - Wikipedia
Sefer Torah
A Sefer Torah (Hebrew: ספר תורה‎; plural: ספרי תורה Sifrei Torah ; "Book(s) of Torah" or "Torah scroll(s)") is a handwritten copy of the Torah, the holiest book within Judaism. It must meet...
Sefer Torah - Wikipedia
Biblical law in Christianity
The "Old Covenant", also referred to as the Mosaic covenant, the Law of Moses, divine law, Biblical law or God's Law, refers to the religious law codified in the first five books (Pentateuch) of the O...
Biblical law in Christianity - Wikipedia
Islam and Judaism
Islamic–Jewish relations started in the 7th century CE with the origin and spread of Islam in the Arabian peninsula. The two religions share similar values, guidelines, and principles. Islam also inc...
Islam and Judaism - Wikipedia
Tawrat
Tawrat (also Tawrah or Taurat; Arabic: توراة‎) is the Arabic word for the Torah. Muslims believe it was a holy book of Islam given by God to Musa (Moses). The Hebrew word for their scripture...
History of the Jews under Muslim rule
By the time of the Muslim conquests of the 7th century, ancient Jewish communities had existed in many parts of the Middle East and North Africa since Antiquity. Jews under Islamic rule were given the...
History of the Jews under Muslim rule - Wikipedia
People of the Book
People of the Book (Arabic: أهل الكتاب ‎ ′Ahl al-Kitāb) are the Jews and Christians.In Islam, the Muslim scripture, the Qur'an, is taken to represent the completion of these scriptures, and ...
Rabbinic literature
Rabbinic literature, in its broadest sense, can mean the entire spectrum of rabbinic writings throughout Jewish history. However, the term often refers specifically to literature from the Talmudic era...
Triennial cycle
The Triennial cycle of Torah reading may refer to the historical practice in ancient Israel by which the entire Torah was read in serial fashion over a three-year period, or to the practice adopted by...
God in Judaism
The conception of God in Judaism is strictly monotheistic. God is an absolute one, indivisible and incomparable being who is the ultimate cause of all existence. Jewish tradition teaches that the true...
God in Judaism - Wikipedia
Gevil
Gevil or Gewil (Hebrew: גוויל‎) is animal hide that has been prepared as a writing material in Jewish scribal documents, in particular a Sefer Torah (Torah scroll).According to most views of Jew...
Gevil - Wikipedia
Gilgul
Gilgul/Gilgul neshamot/Gilgulei Ha Neshamot (Heb. גלגול הנשמות, Plural: גלגולים Gilgulim) describes a Kabbalistic concept of reincarnation. In Hebrew, the word gilgul means "cycle" or "wheel" and nes...
Gilgul - Wikipedia
Jahwist
The Jahwist, or Yahwist, often abbreviated J in exegetical discourse, is one of the sources of the Pentateuch (Torah), together with the Deuteronomist, the Elohist and the Priestly source. It gets its...
Jahwist - Wikipedia
Klaf
Klaf or qelaf (Hebrew: קלף) is the designation given a particular piece of skin. The Talmudic definition includes both the form of the skin and the way it is processed, in particular that it must be t...
Early Islamic philosophy
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting unt...
Early Islamic philosophy - Wikipedia
Abraham
Abraham (/ˈeɪbrəˌhæm, -həm/ (Hebrew: אַבְרָהָם‎,  listen )), originally Abram, is the first of the three biblical patriarchs. His story, told in chapters 11 through 25 of the Book of G...
Abraham - Wikipedia
Muhammad
Muhammad (Arabic: محمد‎; c. 570 – 8 June 632), full name Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب اب...
Muhammad - Wikipedia
Elohist
The Elohist (or simply E) is, according to the documentary hypothesis, one of four sources of the Torah identified by most biblical scholars. Its name comes from Elohim, the term it uses for God. It i...
Isaac Luria
Isaac (ben Solomon) Luria Ashkenazi (1534 – July 25, 1572) (Hebrew: יִצְחָק בן שלמה לוּרְיָא אשכנזי Yitzhak Ben Sh'lomo Lurya Ashkenazi), commonly known as "Ha'ARI" (meaning "The Lion"), "Ha'ARI Hakad...
Isaac Luria - Wikipedia
Pardes (Jewish exegesis)
Pardes refers to (types of) approaches to biblical exegesis in rabbinic Judaism or to interpretation of text in Torah study. The term, sometimes also spelled PaRDeS, is an acronym formed from the nam...
Kabbalah: Primary Texts
The primary texts of Kabbalah were once part of an ongoing oral tradition. The written texts are obscure and difficult for readers who are unfamiliar with Jewish spirituality which assumes extensive k...
Kabbalah: Primary Texts - Wikipedia
Temurah (Kabbalah)
Temurah is one of the three ancient methods used by Kabbalists to rearrange words and sentences in the Bible, in the belief that by this method they can derive the esoteric substratum and deeper spiri...
Seder hishtalshelus
Seder Hishtalshelus/Hishtalshelut (Hebrew: סדר השתלשלות‎), meaning "Order of Development/Evolution", refers in Kabbalah and Hasidic thought to the chain-like descent of Spiritual Worlds (Olam/Ol...
Simchat Torah
Simchat Torah or Simḥath Torah (also Simkhes Toreh, Hebrew: שִׂמְחַת תּוֹרָה, lit., "Rejoicing of/[with the] Torah") is a Jewish holiday that celebrates and marks the conclusion of the annual cycle of...
Simchat Torah - Wikipedia