Guardian of Scotland
The Guardians of Scotland were the de facto heads of state of Scotland during the First Interregnum of 1290–1292, and the Second Interregnum of 1296–1306. During the many years of minority in Scotland...
Guardian of Scotland - Wikipedia
Donnchadh IV, Earl of Fife
Donnchadh IV, Earl of Fife [Duncan IV] (1289–1353) was sometime Guardian of Scotland, and ruled Fife until his death. He was the last of the native Scottish rulers of that province. He was born in lat...
Donnchadh IV, Earl of Fife - Wikipedia
John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby
John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, KG c.1337 – 17 October 1388) was an English peer and soldier.
John Neville, born at Raby Castle, Durham, between 1337 and 1340, was the eldest son of Ralph...
John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby - Wikipedia
Thomas de Dundee
Thomas de Dundee, also called Thomas Nicholay, was a Scottish prelate who held the bishopric of Ross during the First War of Scottish Independence. Coming from a family of Dundee burghesses, he was ed...
Thomas de Dundee - Wikipedia
Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby
Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby (c.1291 – 5 August 1367) was an English aristocrat, son of Ralph Neville, 1st Baron Neville de Raby and Euphemia de Clavering.Neville led the English forces to...
Simon Fraser (d. 1306)
Sir Simon Fraser of Oliver and Neidpath, Knight Banneret fought in the Wars of Scottish Independence.
Simon Fraser was born in Peebleshire (now Tweeddale), where the Clan Fraser was dominant and h...
Jack Short
Jack Short was the betrayer of Scottish legend Sir William Wallace. He was Wallace's servant, and relayed information to the Scottish baron John de Menteith, resulting in Wallace's capture and executi...
Gerard de Lisle, 1st Baron Lisle
Gerard II de Lisle, 1st Baron Lisle (1304 – 9 June 1360) of Kingston Lisle, (Latinised to de Insula ("from the Island"), French de L'Isle) was an English nobleman and soldier during King Edward III's ...
Gerard de Lisle, 1st Baron Lisle - Wikipedia
Sir Andrew Murray
Sir Andrew Murray (1298–1338), also known as Sir Andrew Moray, or Sir Andrew de Moray, was a Scottish military and political leader who supported David II of Scotland against Edward Balliol and King E...
Sir Andrew Murray - Wikipedia
James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland
James, 5th High Steward of Scotland (died 16 July 1309) was High Steward of Scotland and a Guardian of Scotland during the First Interregnum.
James was a son of Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward...
Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk
Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, Earl Marshal (1 June 1300 – August 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Margaret of France and a younger half-brother of Edward II.
Thomas of Bro...
Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk - Wikipedia
Andrew Harclay, 1st Earl of Carlisle
Andrew Harclay, 1st Earl of Carlisle (ca. 1270 – 3 March 1323), alternatively Andreas de Harcla, was an important English military leader in the borderlands with Scotland during the reign of Edward...
Andrew Harclay, 1st Earl of Carlisle - Wikipedia
Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford
Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, also 1st Lord of Skipton (c. 1274–1314), was an English soldier who became first Lord Warden of the Marches, defending the English border with Scotland. He w...
Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford - Wikipedia
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, 4th Earl of Leicester and Lancaster, KG (c. 1310 – 23 March 1361), also Earl of Derby, was a member of the English nobility in the 14th century, and a p...
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster - Wikipedia
Edward Bruce
Edward Bruce (Norman French: Edward de Brus; Middle Irish: Edubard a Briuis; Modern Scottish Gaelic: Eideard or Iomhair Bruis; c. 1280 – 14 October 1318), sometimes modernised Edward of Bruce, was a y...
Edward Bruce - Wikipedia
Edward I of England
Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307. The first son of Henry III, Ed...
Edward I of England - Wikipedia
John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray
John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray (29 November 1310 – 4 October 1361) was the only son of John de Mowbray, 2nd Baron Mowbray, by his first wife, Aline de Brewes, daughter of William de Braose, 2nd Ba...
John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray - Wikipedia
Battle of Neville's Cross
The Battle of Neville's Cross took place to the west of Durham, England, on 17 October 1346. The culmination of a Scottish invasion of northern England, the battle ended with the rout of the Scots and...
Battle of Neville's Cross - Wikipedia
Thomas Randolph, 2nd Earl of Moray
Thomas Randolph, 2nd Earl of Moray (died 11 August 1332), a Scottish military commander, held his title for just 23 days. The son of Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray, a companion-in-arms of King Rob...
David II of Scotland
David II (Medieval Gaelic: Daibhidh a Briuis, Modern Gaelic: Dàibhidh Bruis; Norman French: Dauid de Brus, Early Scots: Dauid Brus; 5 March 1324 – 22 February 1371) was King of Scots from 7 June...
David II of Scotland - Wikipedia
Robert the Bruce
Robert I (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce (Medieval Gaelic: Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys,...
Robert the Bruce - Wikipedia
Nigel de Brus
Nigel de Brus (c. 1279 – September 1306) was a younger brother of King Robert I of Scotland, who supported his brother in the struggle for the crown of Scotland. He was captured by English forces at K...
Robert Bruce (bastard)
Lord Robert Bruce (died 11 August 1332) was an illegitimate son of King Robert I of Scotland and an unknown mother. He was knighted and awarded the royal arms at Bannockburn. His father made him Lord ...
Marmaduke Thweng, 1st Baron Thweng
Sir Marmaduke Thweng (or Tweng, Thwinge etc.), later 1st Baron Thweng, was an English knight from Yorkshire who fought in the Wars of Scottish Independence.
The son of Sir Marmaduke Thweng of Kilt...
Edward Balliol
Edward Balliol (c. 1283 – 1367) was a claimant to the Scottish throne (1314–1356). With English help, he briefly ruled the country from 1332 to 1336.
He was the eldest son of John Balliol, erstwhi...
Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke
Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (c. 1275 – 23 June 1324) was a Franco-English nobleman. Though primarily active in England, he also had strong connections with the French royal house. One of th...
Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke - Wikipedia