Pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the environment
The environmental impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) is largely speculative. PPCPs are substances used by individuals for personal health or cosmetic reasons and the products...
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the environment - Wikipedia
Industrial ecology
Industrial ecology (IE) is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems. The global industrial economy can be modeled as a network of industrial processes that extract resources ...
Industrial ecology - Wikipedia
History of Industrial Ecology
The birth of industrial ecology is commonly attributed to an article devoted to industrial ecosystems, written by Frosch and Gallopoulos, which appeared in a 1989 special issue of Scientific American,...