Phenolic compounds in wine
The phenolic content in wine refers to the phenolic compounds—natural phenol and polyphenols—in wine, which include a large group of several hundred chemical compounds that affect the taste, color and...
Phenolic compounds in wine - Wikipedia
Flavonoids
Flavonoids (or bioflavonoids) (from the Latin word flavus meaning yellow, their color in nature) are a class of plant secondary metabolites. Flavonoids were referred to as Vitamin P (probably becaus...
Flavonoids - Wikipedia
Flavonols
Flavonols are a class of flavonoids that have the 3-hydroxyflavone backbone (IUPAC name : 3-hydroxy-2-phenylchromen-4-one). Their diversity stems from the different positions the phenolic -OH gro...
Flavonols - Wikipedia
Anthocyanin
Anthocyanins (also anthocyans; from Greek: ἀνθός (anthos) = flower + κυανός (kyanos) = blue) are water-soluble vacuolar pigments that may appear red, purple, or blue depending on the pH. They belong t...
Anthocyanin - Wikipedia
Tannin
A tannin (also known as vegetable tannin, natural organic tannins, or sometimes tannoid, i.e. a type of biomolecule, as opposed to modern synthetic tannin) is an astringent, bitter plant polyphenolic ...
Tannin - Wikipedia
Wine and health
Wine and health is an issue of considerable discussion and research. Wine has a long history of use as an early form of medication, being recommended variously as a safe alternative to drinking water,...
Wine and health - Wikipedia
Red wine headache
Red wine headache ("RWH") is a headache often accompanied by nausea and flushing that occurs in many people after drinking even a single glass of red wine. This syndrome can sometimes develop within 1...
Quercetin
Quercetin /ˈkwɜrsɨtɨn/ is a flavonol found in many fruits, vegetables, leaves and grains. It can be used as an ingredient in supplements, beverages, or foods.
Quercetin is a flavonoid widely distr...
Quercetin - Wikipedia
Health effects of chocolate
The health effects of chocolate refer to the possible beneficial or detrimental physiological effects of eating chocolate.Unconstrained consumption of large quantities of any energy-rich food, such as...
Health effects of chocolate - Wikipedia
Polyphenols in wine
The phenolic content in wine refers to the phenolic compounds—natural phenol and polyphenols—in wine, which include a large group of several hundred chemical compounds that affect the taste, color and...
Polyphenols in wine - Wikipedia
Polyphenols in tea
The phenolic content in tea refers to the phenols and polyphenols, natural plant compounds which are found in tea. These chemical compounds affect the flavor and mouthfeel and are speculated to provi...
Alcohol and weight
Alcohol and weight is a subject relevant to millions of people who like to drink alcoholic beverages and who also either want to maintain or to lose body weight. It is uncertain whether alcohol lead...
Alcohol dementia
Alcohol-related dementia (ARD) is a form of dementia caused by long-term, excessive drinking, resulting in neurological damage and impaired mental processing.
Alcohol-related dementia is a broad t...
Flavonoid biosynthesis
Flavonoids are synthesized by the phenylpropanoid metabolic pathway in which the amino acid phenylalanine is used to produce 4-coumaroyl-CoA. This can be combined with malonyl-CoA to yield the true b...
Flavonoid biosynthesis - Wikipedia
Alcohol and cancer
Alcoholic beverages are classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a Group 1 carcinogen (carcinogenic to humans). IARC classifies alcoholic beverage consumption as a cause...
Recommended maximum intake of alcoholic beverages
This article summarizes the recommended maximum intake (or safe limits) of the drug alcohol, to be specific ethanol, as recommended by the health agencies of various governments. These recommendations...
History of medicine
This article deals with medicine as practiced by trained professionals from ancient times to the present. The ancient Egyptians, Ancient Indians, had a system of medicine that was advanced for its ti...
Tannins in wine
The phenolic content in wine refers to the phenolic compounds—natural phenol and polyphenols—in wine, which include a large group of several hundred chemical compounds that affect the taste, color and...
Tannins in wine - Wikipedia
Tannins in tea
The phenolic content in tea refers to the phenols and polyphenols, natural plant compounds which are found in tea. These chemical compounds affect the flavor and mouthfeel and are speculated to provi...
Alcohol and cardiovascular disease
Excessive alcohol intake has now been associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of death in industr...