Philosophy in Iran
Iranian philosophy or Persian philosophy can be traced back as far as to Old Iranian philosophical traditions and thoughts which originated in ancient Indo-Iranian roots and were considerably influenc...
Zarathushtra-The Revolutionary Iranian Prophet And First Philosopher In History
There was a time when the philosophy of oneness, one entity and one universal power emerged out of the polytheistic teachings.
Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism /ˌzɒroʊˈæstriənɪzəm/, /-ˌzɔr/, also called Zarathustraism, Mazdaism and Magianism, is an ancient monotheistic Iranian religion and a religious philosophy. It was once the state religion...
Zoroastrianism - Wikipedia
Manichaeism
Manichaeism (/ˈmænɨkiːɪzəm/;in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin e Māni; Chinese: 摩尼教; pinyin: Móní Jiào) was a major religion that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in Persian: مانی, Syria...
Manichaeism - Wikipedia
Mazdak
Mazdak (Persian: مزدک‎) (died c. 524 or 528) (also Mazdak the Younger) was a Zoroastrian prophet, Iranian reformer and religious activist who gained influence under the reign of the Sassanid Sha...
Zurvanism
Zurvanism is a now-extinct branch of Zoroastrianism in which the divinity Zurvan is a First Principle (primordial creator deity) who engendered equal-but-opposite twins, Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu. ...
Zurvanism - Wikipedia
Islamic philosophy
Islamic philosophy is the systematic investigation of problems connected with life, the universe, ethics, society, and so on as conducted in the Muslim world. Not all Islamic philosophers have been Mu...
Islamic philosophy - Wikipedia
Early Islamic philosophy
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting unt...
Early Islamic philosophy - Wikipedia
Avicennism
Avicenna (/ˌævəˈsɛnə/; Latinate form of Ibn-Sīnā (Persian: پور سینا / ابن سینا‎‍; Arabic: ابن سینا‎‍), full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ib...
Avicennism - Wikipedia
Illuminationist philosophy
Illuminationism is a doctrine according to which the process of human thought needs to be aided by divine grace. It is the oldest and most influential alternative to naturalism in the theory of mind a...
Transcendent theosophy
Transcendent theosophy or al-hikmat al-muta’li (حكمت متعالي), the doctrine and philosophy developed by Persian philosopher Mulla Sadra is one of two main disciplines of Islamic philosophy that is curr...
Modern Islamic philosophy
Contemporary Islamic philosophy revives some of the trends of medieval Islamic philosophy, notably the tension between Mutazilite and Asharite views of ethics in science and law, and the duty of Musli...
List of Muslim philosophers
Muslim philosophers both profess Islam and engage in a style of philosophy situated within the structure of Islamic culture, though not necessarily concerned with religious issues. The sayings of the ...
List of Muslim philosophers - Wikipedia
Logic in Islamic philosophy
Logic (Arabic: منطق‎) plays an important role in Islamic philosophy. Islamic law placed importance on formulating standards of argument, which gave rise to a novel approach to logic in Kalam...
Astronomy in medieval Islam
Islamic astronomy comprises the astronomical developments made in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age (8th–15th centuries), and mostly written in the Arabic language. These d...
Astronomy in medieval Islam - Wikipedia
Avestan language
Avestan /əˈvɛstən/,formerly also known as "Zend", is an Iranian language of the Eastern Iranian division, known only from its use as the language of Zoroastrian scripture, i.e. the Avesta, from which ...
Avestan language - Wikipedia
Al-Farabi
Al-Farabi (/ˌælfəˈrɑːbi/; Persian: ابونصر محمد بن محمد فارابی‎ Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī; for other recorded variants of his name see below) , known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 87...
Al-Farabi - Wikipedia
Kalam
ʿIlm al-Kalām (Arabic: علم الكلام‎, literally "science of discourse"), often foreshortened to kalām, is an Islamic science born out of the need to establish and defend the tenets of Islamic ...
Frashokereti
Frashokereti (frašō.kərəti) is the Avestan language term (corresponding to Middle Persian frašagird <plškrt>) for the Zoroastrian doctrine of a final renovation of the universe, when evil will b...
The Book of Healing
The Book of Healing (Arabic: کتاب الشفاء Kitab Al-Shifaʾ, Latin: Sufficientia) is a scientific and philosophical encyclopedia written by Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna) from ancient Persia, near Bukhara i...
The Book of Healing - Wikipedia
Islamic eschatology
Islamic eschatology is the branch of Islamic scholarship that studies Yawm al-Qiyāmah (pronounced yome-ul-key-ah-mah; Arabic: يوم القيامة‎ "the Day of Resurrection") or Yawm ad-Dīn (pronounc...
The Canon of Medicine
The Canon of Medicine (Arabic: القانون في الطب‎ al-Qānūn fī al-Ṭibb) is an encyclopedia of medicine in five books compiled by Persian philosopher Ibn Sīnā (Avicenna) and completed in 1025. I...
The Canon of Medicine - Wikipedia
Avesta
The Avesta /əˈvɛstə/ is the primary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, composed in the otherwise unrecorded Avestan language.The Avesta's texts fall into several different categories, arran...
Avesta - Wikipedia
Bimaristan
Bimaristan is a Persian word (بیمارستان bīmārestān) meaning "hospital", with Bimar- from Middle Persian (Pahlavi) of vīmār or vemār, meaning "sick" plus -stan as location and place suffix. In the medi...
Bimaristan - Wikipedia
Averroes
Averroës (/əˈvɛroʊˌiːz/; April 14, 1126 – December 10, 1198) is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd (Arabic: ابن رشد‎), full name ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rušd (أبو الوليد محمد ابن ا...
Averroes - Wikipedia
Irani (India)
The Irani are an ethno-religious community in South Asia; they belong to the Zoroastrians who emigrated from Iran to South Asia in the 19th century. They are culturally, linguistically and socially di...
Persecution of Zoroastrians
Persecution of Zoroastrians is the religious persecution inflicted upon the followers of the Zoroastrian faith. The persecution of Zoroastrians occurred throughout its history. The discrimination and ...
Persecution of Zoroastrians - Wikipedia
Sharia
To Arabic-speaking people, sharia (/ʃɑːˈriːɑː/; also shari'a, sharīʿah; Arabic: شريعة‎ šarīʿah, [ʃaˈriːʕa], "legislation") means the moral code and religious law of a prophetic religion. The...
Sharia - Wikipedia