Philosophy of artificial intelligence
The philosophy of artificial intelligence attempts to answer such questions as:These three questions reflect the divergent interests of AI researchers, cognitive scientists and philosophers respective...
Philosophy of artificial intelligence - Wikipedia
Ray Kurzweil — Immortality by 2045
Ray Kurzweil — Singularitarian Immortalist, Director of Engineering at Google, famous inventor, author of How to Create a Mind
Ethics of artificial intelligence
The ethics of artificial intelligence is the part of the ethics of technology specific to robots and other artificially intelligent beings. It is typically divided into roboethics, a concern with the ...
Turing test
The Turing test is a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human. In the original illustrative example, a human judge engages ...
Turing test - Wikipedia
Physical symbol system
A physical symbol system (also called a formal system) takes physical patterns (symbols), combining them into structures (expressions) and manipulating them (using processes) to produce new expression...
Singularitarianism
Singularitarianism is a movement defined by the belief that a technological singularity—the creation of superintelligence—will likely happen in the medium future, and that deliberate action ought to b...
Emergence
In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence is a process whereby larger entities, patterns, and regularities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities that themselves...
Emergence - Wikipedia
Spreading activation
Spreading activation is a method for searching associative networks, neural networks, or semantic networks. The search process is initiated by labeling a set of source nodes (e.g. concepts in a semant...
Spreading activation - Wikipedia
Alexander Chislenko
Alexander "Sasha" Chislenko (December 2, 1959 – May 8, 2000) was a Russian artificial intelligence theorist and an active member of the transhumanist and extropian communities, contributing many...
Minimum Intelligent Signal Test
The minimum intelligent signal test, or MIST, is a variation of the Turing test proposed by Chris McKinstry in which only boolean (yes/no or true/false) answers may be given to questions. The purpose...
History of robots
The history of robots has its origins in the ancient world. The modern concept began to be developed with the onset of the Industrial Revolution which allowed for the use of complex mechanics and the ...
History of robots - Wikipedia
Computer Power and Human Reason
Joseph Weizenbaum's influential 1976 book Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgment To Calculation (San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1976; ISBN 0-7167-0463-3) displays his ambivalence towards comput...
Computing Machinery and Intelligence
"Computing Machinery and Intelligence", written by Alan Turing and published in 1950 in Mind, is a seminal paper on the topic of artificial intelligence in which the concept of what is now known as th...
Computing Machinery and Intelligence - Wikipedia
Nouvelle AI
During the late 1980s, the artificial intelligence approach now known as nouvelle AI (new AI in a mix of French and English) was pioneered at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory by Rodney Brook...
Ben Goertzel
Ben Goertzel (born December 8, 1966, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) is Chief Scientist of financial prediction firm Aidyia Holdings; Chairman of AI software company Novamente LLC, which is a privately hel...
Ben Goertzel - Wikipedia
Connectionism
Connectionism is a set of approaches in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, and philosophy of mind, that models mental or behavioral phenomena...
Blockhead (computer system)
Blockhead is the name of a theoretical computer system invented as part of a thought experiment by philosopher Ned Block, which appeared in a paper entitled Psychologism and Behaviorism (though Block ...
Hubert Dreyfus's views on artificial intelligence
Hubert Dreyfus has been a critic of artificial intelligence research since the 1960s. In a series of papers and books, including Alchemy and AI (1965), What Computers Can't Do (1972; 1979; 1992) and M...
Hubert Dreyfus's views on artificial intelligence - Wikipedia
Artificial stupidity
Artificial Stupidity is commonly used as a humorous opposite of the term artificial intelligence (AI), often as a derogatory reference to the inability of an AI program to adequately perform basic tas...
Dartmouth Conferences
The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence was the name of a 1956 undertaking now considered the seminal event for artificial intelligence as a field.
Organised by John McCar...
Artificial neural network
In machine learning and cognitive science, artificial neural networks (ANNs) are a family of statistical learning algorithms inspired by biological neural networks (the central nervous systems of anim...
Computational theory of mind
In philosophy, a computational theory of mind names a view that the human mind or the human brain (or both) is an information processing system and that thinking is a form of computing. The theory was...
Artificial intelligence in fiction
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a common topic of science fiction. Science fiction sometimes emphasizes the dangers of artificial intelligence, and sometimes its positive potential.The general discuss...
Chinese room
The Chinese room is a thought experiment presented by John Searle to challenge the claim that it is possible for a computer running a program to have a "mind" and "consciousness" in the same sense tha...
Chinese room - Wikipedia
Moravec's paradox
Moravec's paradox is the discovery by artificial intelligence and robotics researchers that, contrary to traditional assumptions, high-level reasoning requires very little computation, but low-level s...
Plug & Pray
Plug, PLUG, plugs, or plugged may refer to: