Philosophy of computer science
The philosophy of computer science is concerned with the philosophical questions that arise with the study of computer science, which is understood to mean not just programming but the whole study of ...
Philosophy of artificial intelligence
The philosophy of artificial intelligence attempts to answer such questions as:These three questions reflect the divergent interests of AI researchers, cognitive scientists and philosophers respective...
Philosophy of artificial intelligence - Wikipedia
Computer Power and Human Reason
Joseph Weizenbaum's influential 1976 book Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgment To Calculation (San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1976; ISBN 0-7167-0463-3) displays his ambivalence towards comput...
Computing Machinery and Intelligence
"Computing Machinery and Intelligence", written by Alan Turing and published in 1950 in Mind, is a seminal paper on the topic of artificial intelligence in which the concept of what is now known as th...
Computing Machinery and Intelligence - Wikipedia
Connectionism
Connectionism is a set of approaches in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, and philosophy of mind, that models mental or behavioral phenomena...
Blockhead (computer system)
Blockhead is the name of a theoretical computer system invented as part of a thought experiment by philosopher Ned Block, which appeared in a paper entitled Psychologism and Behaviorism (though Block ...
Singularitarianism
Singularitarianism is a movement defined by the belief that a technological singularity—the creation of superintelligence—will likely happen in the medium future, and that deliberate action ought to b...
Hubert Dreyfus's views on artificial intelligence
Hubert Dreyfus has been a critic of artificial intelligence research since the 1960s. In a series of papers and books, including Alchemy and AI (1965), What Computers Can't Do (1972; 1979; 1992) and M...
Hubert Dreyfus's views on artificial intelligence - Wikipedia
Artificial stupidity
Artificial Stupidity is commonly used as a humorous opposite of the term artificial intelligence (AI), often as a derogatory reference to the inability of an AI program to adequately perform basic tas...
Dartmouth Conferences
The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence was the name of a 1956 undertaking now considered the seminal event for artificial intelligence as a field.
Organised by John McCar...
Physical symbol system
A physical symbol system (also called a formal system) takes physical patterns (symbols), combining them into structures (expressions) and manipulating them (using processes) to produce new expression...
Machine ethics
Machine Ethics (or machine morality) is the part of the ethics of artificial intelligence concerned with the moral behavior of artificially intelligent beings. Machine Ethics contrasts with roboethic...
The Emperor's New Mind
The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds and The Laws of Physics is a 1989 book by mathematical physicist Sir Roger Penrose.Penrose argues that human consciousness is non-algorithmic, and t...
Chinese room
The Chinese room is a thought experiment presented by John Searle to challenge the claim that it is possible for a computer running a program to have a "mind" and "consciousness" in the same sense tha...
Chinese room - Wikipedia
Moravec's paradox
Moravec's paradox is the discovery by artificial intelligence and robotics researchers that, contrary to traditional assumptions, high-level reasoning requires very little computation, but low-level s...
Plug & Pray
Plug, PLUG, plugs, or plugged may refer to:
Roboethics
Roboethics is a short expression for ethics of robotics. It is often used in the sense that it is concerned with the behavior of humans, how humans design, construct, use and treat robots and other ar...
Computational theory of mind
In philosophy, a computational theory of mind names a view that the human mind or the human brain (or both) is an information processing system and that thinking is a form of computing. The theory was...
Synthetic intelligence
Synthetic intelligence (SI) is an alternative term for artificial intelligence which emphasizes that the intelligence of machines need not be an imitation or any way artificial; it can be a genuine fo...
Ethics of artificial intelligence
The ethics of artificial intelligence is the part of the ethics of technology specific to robots and other artificially intelligent beings. It is typically divided into roboethics, a concern with the ...
Friendly artificial intelligence
A friendly artificial intelligence (also friendly AI or FAI) is a hypothetical artificial general intelligence (AGI) that would have a positive rather than negative effect on humanity. The term was co...
Neats vs. scruffies
Neat and scruffy are labels for two different types of artificial intelligence research. Neats consider that solutions should be elegant, clear and provably correct. Scruffies believe that intelligenc...
Turing test
The Turing test is a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human. In the original illustrative example, a human judge engages ...
Turing test - Wikipedia
Embodied cognition
In philosophy, embodied cognition holds that an agent's cognition is strongly influenced by aspects of an agent's body beyond the brain itself. In their proposal for an enactive approach to cognition ...
Philosophy of information
The philosophy of information (PI) is the area of research that studies conceptual issues arising at the intersection of computer science, information science, information technology, and philosophy. ...
AI effect
The AI effect occurs when onlookers discount the behavior of an artificial intelligence program by arguing that it is not real intelligence.Pamela McCorduck writes: "It's part of the history of the fi...
AI box
In Friendly AI studies, an AI box is a hypothetical isolated computer hardware system where an artificial intelligence is kept constrained inside a simulated world and not allowed to affect the extern...
Predictions made by Ray Kurzweil
American author, inventor and futurist Raymond Kurzweil has become well known for predicting the future of artificial intelligence and the human race. His first book, The Age of Intelligent Machines, ...