Niqqud
In Hebrew orthography, niqqud or nikkud (Hebrew: נִקּוּד,  nikud,  niqqûḏ ; "dotting, pointing" or Hebrew: נְקֻדּוֹת,  nekudot,  nəquddôṯ ; "dots") is a system of...
Niqqud - Wikipedia
Ruby character
Ruby characters (ルビ, Rubi) are small, annotative glosses that can be placed above or to the right of a Chinese character when writing languages with logographic characters such as Chinese or J...
International Phonetic Alphabet
The International Phonetic Alphabet (unofficially—though commonly—abbreviated IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the Internation...
International Phonetic Alphabet - Wikipedia
Harakat
The Arabic script has numerous diacritics, including i'jam ⟨إِعْجَام⟩ (i‘jām, consonant pointing), and tashkil ⟨تَشْكِيل⟩ (tashkīl, supplementary diacritics). The latter in...
Harakat - Wikipedia
Rafe
In Hebrew orthography the rafe, or more commonly spelt raphe (Hebrew: רָפֵה   [ʁaˈfe]), is a diacritic (⟨ ֿ ⟩), a subtle horizontal overbar placed above certain lett...
Handwritten IPA
Letters of the International Phonetic Alphabet have handwritten forms designed for use in manuscripts and when taking field notes; they are occasionally seen in print publications when the printer did...
Handwritten IPA - Wikipedia
Hiriq
Hiriq (Hebrew: חִירִיק ḥiriq  [χiˈʁik]) is a Hebrew niqqud vowel sign represented by a dot ⟨ ִ ⟩ underneath the letter. In Modern Hebrew, it indicates the phoneme /i/ whi...
Hiriq - Wikipedia
Romanization of Japanese
The romanization of Japanese is the application of the Latin script to write the Japanese language. This method of writing is sometimes referred to in English as rōmaji (ローマ字, literally, "roman letter...
Pronunciation respelling for English
Pronunciation respelling is a notation used to convey the pronunciation of words, in a language, such as English, which does not have a phonemic orthography.There are two basic types of pronunciation ...
Arabic diacritics
The Arabic script has numerous diacritics, including i'jam ⟨إِعْجَام⟩ (i‘jām, consonant pointing), and tashkil ⟨تَشْكِيل⟩ (tashkīl, supplementary diacritics). The latter in...
Arabic diacritics - Wikipedia
IPA vowel chart with audio
This article provides a chart with audio examples for phonetic vowel symbols. The symbols shown include those of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and added material. The chart is based on the...
IPA vowel chart with audio - Wikipedia
Uddin and Begum Urdu-Hindustani Romanization
The Uddin and Begum Urdu-Hindustani Romanization scheme is an international standard for romanising Urdu/Hindustani (i.e., for transliterating Urdu/Hindustani into the Latin alphabet). Syed Fasih Uddi...
Uddin and Begum Urdu-Hindustani Romanization - Wikipedia
French IPA vowel chart with audio
The following are the vowel sounds of the French language in the International Phonetic Alphabet along with audio files for each size. The IPA maps the vowels according to the position of the tongue.S...
French IPA vowel chart with audio - Wikipedia
History of the International Phonetic Alphabet
The International Phonetic Alphabet was created soon after the International Phonetic Association was established in the late 19th century. It was intended as an international system of phonetic trans...
History of the International Phonetic Alphabet - Wikipedia
Pinyin
Pinyin, or Hanyu Pinyin, is the official phonetic system for transcribing the Mandarin pronunciations of Chinese characters into the Latin alphabet in the People's Republic of China, Taiwan (Republic ...
Pinyin - Wikipedia
Kamatz
Qamatz (Hebrew: קָמַץ, [kaˈmats]) is a Hebrew niqqud (vowel) sign represented by two perpendicular lines (looking like an uppercase T) ⟨ ָ  ⟩ underneath a letter. In mo...
Historical kana orthography
The historical kana orthography (歴史的仮名遣, rekishiteki kanazukai), or old orthography (旧仮名遣, kyūkanazukai), refers to the kana orthography (正仮名遣, seikanazukai) in general use un...
International Phonetic Alphabet chart for English dialects
This concise chart shows the most common applications of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to represent English language pronunciations.See Pronunciation respelling for English for phonetic tr...
Wāpuro rōmaji
Wāpuro rōmaji (ワープロローマ字), or kana spelling, is a style of romanization of Japanese originally devised for entering Japanese into word processors (wādo purosessā, often abbreviated wāpuro) while u...
Bopomofo
Zhuyin fuhao, Zhuyin or Bopomofo is a system of phonetic notation for the transcription of spoken Chinese, particularly the Mandarin dialect. The first two are traditional terms, whereas Bopomofo is t...
Bopomofo - Wikipedia
Furigana
Furigana (振り仮名) is a Japanese reading aid, consisting of smaller kana, or syllabic characters, printed next to a kanji (ideographic character) or other character to indicate its pronunciation. It ...
Furigana - Wikipedia
Dagger alif
The Dagger alif or superscript alif (Arabic: ألف خنجرية‎ alif khanjariyya) is written as a short vertical stroke on top of an Arabic letter. It indicates a long /aː/ sound where alif is norm...
Dagger alif - Wikipedia
Hamza
Hamza (Arabic: هَمْزة‎, hamzah) (ء) is a letter in the Arabic alphabet, representing the glottal stop [ʔ]. Hamza is not one of the 28 "full" letters, and owes its existence to historical inc...
Zeire
Tzere (also spelled Tsere, Tzeirei, Zere, Zeire, Ṣerî, Ṣerê etc.; Hebrew: צֵירֵי   [tseˈʁe], sometimes צירה) is a Hebrew niqqud vowel sign represented by two dots "◌ֵ" underneath a letter. In mod...
Patach
Pataḥ (Hebrew: פַּתַח pataḥ, [paˈtaχ], Biblical: paṯaḥ ) is a Hebrew niqqud vowel sign represented by a horizontal line ⟨ אַ ⟩ underneath a letter. In modern Hebrew, it...
Holam
Holam (Hebrew: חוֹלָם ḥolam, [χoˈlam], [ħoˈlam]) is a Hebrew niqqud vowel sign represented by a dot above the upper left corner of the consonant letter. For example, here the ḥolam appears after th...
Sichuanese Pinyin
Sichuanese Pinyin (Sicuanhua Pinyin; simplified Chinese: 四川话拼音; traditional Chinese: 四川話拼音; pinyin: Sìchuānhuà pīnyīn), is a romanization system specifically designed for the Chengdu diale...
Sichuanese Pinyin - Wikipedia
Mappiq
The mappiq (מפיק, also mapiq, mapik, mappik, lit. "causing to go out") is a diacritic used in the Hebrew alphabet. It is part of the Masoretes' system of niqqud (vowel points), and was added to Hebrew...
Mappiq - Wikipedia