Phuthi language
Phuthi (Síphùthì) is a Nguni Bantu language spoken in southern Lesotho and areas in South Africa adjacent to the same border. The closest substantial living relative of Phuthi is Swati (or Siswati), s...
Vowel height
In phonetics, a vowel is a sound in spoken language, such as an English ah! /ɑː/ or oh! /oʊ/, pronounced with an open vocal tract so that there is no build-up of air pressure at any point above the gl...
Vowel height - Wikipedia
Nasalization
In phonetics, nasalization (or nasalisation) is the production of a sound while the velum is lowered, so that some air escapes through the nose during the production of the sound by the mouth. An arch...
Semivowel
In phonetics and phonology, a semivowel or glide is a sound that is phonetically similar to a vowel sound but functions as the syllable boundary rather than as the nucleus of a syllable. In English, t...
Triphthong
In phonetics, a triphthong (/ˈtrɪfθɒŋ/ or /ˈtrɪpθɒŋ/) (from Greek τρίφθογγος, "triphthongos", literally "with three sounds," or "with three tones") is a monosyllabic vowel combination involving a quic...
Diphthong
American English pronunciation of no highway cowboys, showing five diphthongs: /oʊ aɪ eɪ aʊ ɔɪ/A diphthong (/ˈdɪfθɒŋ/ DIF-thong or /ˈdɪpθɒŋ/ DIP-thong) (Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two...
Diphthong - Wikipedia
Monophthong
A monophthong (Greek monóphthongos from mónos "single" and phthóngos "sound") is a pure vowel sound, one whose articulation at both beginning and end is relatively fixed, and which does not glide up o...
Monophthong - Wikipedia
Intonation (linguistics)
In linguistics, intonation is variation of spoken pitch that is not used to distinguish words; instead it is used for a range of functions such as indicating the attitudes and emotions of the speaker,...
Prosody (linguistics)
In linguistics, prosody (from Ancient Greek προσῳδία prosōidía [prosɔː(i)díaː], "song sung to music; tone or accent of a syllable") is the rhythm, stress, and intonation of speech. Prosody may reflec...
Tenseness
In phonology, tenseness is a particular vowel quality that is phonemically contrastive in many languages, including English, in which the tongue is positioned close to the roof of the mouth. It has al...
R-colored vowel
In phonetics, an r-colored or rhotic vowel (also called a vocalic r or a rhotacized vowel) is a vowel that is modified in a way that results in a lowering in frequency of the third formant. R-colored...
R-colored vowel - Wikipedia
Pharyngealization
Pharyngealization is a secondary articulation of consonants or vowels by which the pharynx or epiglottis is constricted during the articulation of the sound.
In the International Phonetic Alphabet...
Advanced and retracted tongue root
In phonetics, advanced tongue root and retracted tongue root, abbreviated ATR or RTR, are contrasting states of the root of the tongue during the pronunciation of vowels in some languages, especially ...
Advanced and retracted tongue root - Wikipedia
Phonation
The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics. Among some phoneticians, phonation is the process by which the vocal folds produce certain sounds through qu...
Phonation - Wikipedia
Nasal vowel
A nasal vowel is a vowel that is produced with a lowering of the velum so that air escapes both through nose as well as the mouth. By contrast, oral vowels are vowels without this nasalization. As ex...
Roundedness
In phonetics, vowel roundedness refers to the amount of rounding in the lips during the articulation of a vowel. It is labialization of a vowel. When pronouncing a rounded vowel, the lips form a circu...
Roundedness - Wikipedia
Writing system
A writing system is an organized, regular method (typically standardized) of information storage and transfer for the communication of verbal messages (expressing thoughts or ideas) in a language ...
Writing system - Wikipedia