Dirty War
The Dirty War (Spanish: Guerra Sucia), also known as Process of National Reorganization (Spanish: Proceso de Reorganización Nacional or El Proceso), was the name used by the Argentine Military...
Dirty War - Wikipedia
National Reorganization Process
The National Reorganization Process (Spanish: Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, often simply el Proceso, "the Process") was the name used by its leaders for the military dictatorship that ruled ...
National Reorganization Process - Wikipedia
Operation Condor
Operation Condor (Spanish: Operación Cóndor, also known as Plan Cóndor, Portuguese: Operação Condor) was a campaign of political repression and state terror involving intelligence operations a...
Operation Condor - Wikipedia
Coordination of United Revolutionary Organizations
Coordination of United Revolutionary Organizations (CORU)is an anti-Castro group founded by Cuban exiles Orlando Bosch, Luis Posada Carriles, Guillermo Novo Sampoll and Gaspar Jiménez Escobedo.Accordi...
Trial of the Juntas
The Trial of the Juntas (Spanish, Juicio a las Juntas) was the judicial trial of the members of the de facto military government that ruled Argentina during the dictatorship of the Proceso de Reorgani...
Trial of the Juntas - Wikipedia
Batallón de Inteligencia 601
The Batallón de Inteligencia 601 (Spanish for "601 Intelligence Battalion") was a special military intelligence service of the Argentine Army whose structure was set up in the late 1970s, active in t...
Batallón de Inteligencia 601 - Wikipedia
Navy Petty-Officers School of Mechanics
The Navy School of Mechanics (in Spanish, Escuela de Mecánica de la Armada, commonly referred to by the acronym ESMA for Escuela Superior de Mecánica de la Armada), was an educational facility of the ...
Navy Petty-Officers School of Mechanics - Wikipedia
Sociedad Popular Restauradora
The Sociedad Popular Restauradora (Spanish: Popular Restorer Society) was an Argentine security agency that worked for Juan Manuel de Rosas in the mid-nineteenth century. It is known by its armed ...
Sociedad Popular Restauradora - Wikipedia
Organización Primero de Marzo
The First Of March Organization (Organizacion Primero de Marzo) (OPM) was a clandestine movement created in Paraguay in the mid 70s to fight General Alfredo Stroessner’s dictatorship. It was the most ...
Montoneros
Montoneros (Spanish: Movimiento Peronista Montonero-MPM) was an Argentine leftist urban guerrilla and subversive group, active during the 1960s and 1970s. The name is an allusion to the 19th centu...
Fernando Traverso's Bicis
On March 24, 2001, Fernando Traverso, an Argentinian hospital worker, political activist, and artist, began spray painting a series of twenty-nine life-sized bicycle stencils throughout the streets of...
Fernando Traverso's Bicis - Wikipedia
Valech Report
The Valech Report (officially The National Commission on Political Imprisonment and Torture Report) was a record of abuses committed in Chile between 1973 and 1990 by agents of Augusto Pinochet's mili...
Villa Grimaldi
Villa Grimaldi is considered the most important of DINA’s (Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional, the Chilean secret police) many complexes that were used for the interrogation and torture of political p...
Villa Grimaldi - Wikipedia
Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo
The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo (Spanish: Asociación Madres de Plaza de Mayo) is an association of Argentine mothers whose children were "disappeared" during the Dirty War of the military dictato...
Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo - Wikipedia
Augusto Pinochet
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte, more commonly known as Augusto Pinochet ([auˈɣusto pinoˈtʃe]; 25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006), was dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 and Commander-in-Ch...
Augusto Pinochet - Wikipedia
Theory of the two demons
The theory of the two demons (Spanish: Teoría de los dos demonios) is a rhetorical device used in Argentine political discourse to disqualify arguments that appear to morally equate violent politi...
Selknam Genocide
The Selknam Genocide was the genocide of the Selk'nam people, indigenous inhabitants of Tierra del Fuego in South America, from the second half of the 19th to the early 20th century. Spanning a period...
Selknam Genocide - Wikipedia
Villa Baviera
Villa Baviera (English: Bavaria Village), formerly known as Colonia Dignidad (English: Dignity Colony) is a hamlet in Parral Commune, Linares Province, Maule Region, Chile. Located in an isola...
Villa Baviera - Wikipedia
Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional
The Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional (English: National Intelligence Directorate) or DINA was the Chilean secret police in the government of Augusto Pinochet. The DINA was established in Novembe...
Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional - Wikipedia
Archivo Nacional de la Memoria
The Archivo Nacional de la Memoria (National Archive of Memory) is an archive set up by decree 1259/2003 of the president of Argentina Néstor Kirchner on 16 December 2003 to obtain and process data pe...
Ezeiza massacre
The Ezeiza massacre took place on June 20, 1973 near the Ezeiza International Airport in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Peronist masses, including many young people, had gathered there to acclaim Juan Perón...
Ezeiza massacre - Wikipedia
Napalpí massacre
The Napalpí massacre occurred on July 19, 1924 in Napalpí in the Chaco Province of Northeast Argentina. It involved the massacre of 400 indigenous people of the Toba ethnicity by the Argentine Police ...
Filártiga v. Peña-Irala
Filártiga v. Peña-Irala, 630 F.2d 876 (2d Cir. 1980), was a landmark case in United States and international law. It set the precedent for United States federal courts to punish non-American citizens ...
Henry Kissinger
Henry Alfred Kissinger (/ˈkɪsɪndʒər/; born Heinz Alfred Kissinger [haɪnts ˈalfʁɛt ˈkɪsɪŋɐ]; May 27, 1923 in Germany, is an American diplomat and political scientist. He served as National Security Adv...
Henry Kissinger - Wikipedia
Robert White (ambassador)
Robert Edward White (September 21, 1926 – January 14, 2015) was an American career diplomat who served as US Ambassador to Paraguay (1977 - 1980) and to El Salvador (1980 - 1981). He then became presi...
School of the Americas Watch
School of the Americas Watch is an advocacy organization founded by former Maryknoll Father Roy Bourgeois and a small group of supporters in 1990 to protest the training of mainly Latin American milit...
Hugo Cores
Hugo Cores (November 7, 1937–December 7, 2006) was an influential Uruguayan political activist.Born in Villa Crespo, Argentina, Cores was a target of Operation Condor, a campaign of assassinatio...