Antanas Smetona
Antanas Smetona ([ɐn̪ˈt̪äːn̪ɐs̪ s̪ʲmʲɛt̪oːˈn̪ɐ]; August 10, 1874 – January 9, 1944) was one of the most important Lithuanian political figures between World War I and World War II. He served as t...
Antanas Smetona - Wikipedia
Amine Gemayel
Amine Pierre Gemayel (Arabic: أمين بيار الجميٌل‎; born 22 January 1942) was President of Lebanon from 1982 to 1988 and is the leader of Kataeb Party. Gemayel was elected to the presidency b...
Amine Gemayel - Wikipedia
Nikola Gruevski
Nikola Gruevski, M.Sc. (Macedonian: Никола Груевски [ˈnikɔɫa ˈɡruefski]; born 31 August 1970) is a Macedonian politician. He has been the Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia since 27 Augus...
Nikola Gruevski - Wikipedia
Mohammed Daoud Khan
Sardar Mohammed Daoud Khan or Daud Khan (July 18, 1909 – April 28, 1978) was the Prime Minister of Afghanistan from 1953 to 1963, and later became the first President of Afghanistan. He overthrew the ...
Mohammed Daoud Khan - Wikipedia
Nur Muhammad Taraki
Nur Muhammad Taraki (15 July 1917 – 14 September 1979) was an Afghan politician and statesman during the Cold War. Taraki was born near Kabul and educated at Kabul University, after which he started h...
Nur Muhammad Taraki - Wikipedia
Didier Ratsiraka
Vice Admiral Didier Ratsiraka (born 4 November 1936) is a Malagasy politician who was President of Madagascar from 1975 to 1993 and from 1997 to 2002.
Born in Vatomandry, Atsinanana Region, Ratsir...
Didier Ratsiraka - Wikipedia
Hafizullah Amin
Hafizullah Amin (1 August 1929 – 27 December 1979) was an Afghan politician and statesman during the Cold War. Amin was born in Paghman and educated at Kabul University, after which he started his car...
Babrak Karmal
Babrak Karmal (Pashto: ببرک کارمل‎, born Sultan Hussein; 6 January 1929 – 1 or 3 December 1996) was an Afghan politician and statesman during the Cold War. Karmal was born near Kabul, Afgha...
Kārlis Ulmanis
Kārlis Augusts Vilhelms Ulmanis (September 4, 1877 in Bērze, Bērze Parish, Latvia – September 20, 1942 in Krasnovodsk prison, Soviet Union) was a prominent Latvian politician in pre-World War II Latvi...
Kārlis Ulmanis - Wikipedia
Mohammad Najibullah
Dr. Mohammad Najibullah Ahmadzai (Pashto: نجيب الله‎; August 6, 1947 – September 27, 1996), commonly known as Najibullah or Najib, was President of Afghanistan from 1987 unti...
Mohammad Najibullah - Wikipedia
Hastings Banda
Hastings Kamuzu Banda (c. March or April 1898 – 25 November 1997) was the leader of Malawi and its predecessor state, Nyasaland, from 1961 to 1994. After receiving much of his education overseas, Ban...
Hastings Banda - Wikipedia
Doctrine of necessity
The Doctrine of Necessity is the basis on which extra-legal actions by state actors, which are designed to restore order, are found to be constitutional. The maxim on which the doctrine is based origi...
Mohammed Omar
Mullah Mohammed Omar Mujahid (Pashto: ملا محمد عمر مجاهد‎, Mullā Muḥammad ‘Umar Mujáhid; born 1959–1962), often simply called Mullah Omar, is the spiritual leader and supreme commander of th...
Mohammed Omar - Wikipedia
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (Pashto: ګلبدین حکمتیار‎; Persian: گلبدین حکمتیار‎; born 1947) is the founder and active leader of the Hezb-e Islami political party, and a designated "global terro...
Hamid Karzai
Hamid Karzai (Pashto: حامد کرزی‎, Persian: حامد کرزی‎, born 24 December 1957) served as President of Afghanistan for almost a decade, from 7 December 2004 to 29 September 2014. He co...
Hamid Karzai - Wikipedia
Bingu wa Mutharika
Bingu wa Mutharika (born Brightson Webster Ryson Thom; 24 February 1934 – 5 April 2012) was a Malawian politician and economist who was President of Malawi from May 2004 until his death. He was also P...
Bingu wa Mutharika - Wikipedia
Mahathir Mohamad
Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad (Jawi:محضير بن محمد; pronounced [maˈhaðɪr bɪn moˈhamad]; born 10 July 1925) was the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia. He held the post for 22 years from 1981 to 2003, mak...
Mahathir Mohamad - Wikipedia
Enver Hoxha
Enver Halil Hoxha ([ɛnˈvɛɾ ˈhɔdʒa]; 16 October 1908 – 11 April 1985) was the socialist leader of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour...
Enver Hoxha - Wikipedia
Najib Razak
Dato' Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak (born 23 July 1953) is the sixth and current Prime Minister of Malaysia. He was sworn in to the position on 3 April 2009 to succeed Abdullah Ahma...
Najib Razak - Wikipedia
Muhammadu Buhari
Muhammadu Buhari (born 17 December 1942) is the President-elect of Nigeria and a retired Major General in the Nigerian Army who was Head of State of Nigeria from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, af...
Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (Dhivehi: މައުމޫން އަބްދުލް ގައްޔޫމް), GCMG,(born December 29, 1937) is a politician from Maldives who served as the President of Maldives from 1978 to 2008. After serving as ...
Ahmed Ben Bella
Ahmed Ben Bella (Arabic: أحمد بن بلّة‎‎; ALA-LC: Aḥmad bin Billah; 25 December 1918 – 11 April 2012) was an Algerian socialist soldier and revolutionary who was the first President of ...
Ahmed Ben Bella - Wikipedia
Siaka Stevens
Siaka Probyn Stevens (24 August 1905 – 29 May 1988) was the third prime minister of Sierra Leone from 1967 to 1971 and the first president of Sierra Leone from 1971 to 1985. Although criticised for hi...
Moussa Traoré
Moussa Traoré (born 25 September 1936) is a Malian soldier who was President of Mali from 1968 to 1991. As a Lieutenant, he led the military ousting of President Modibo Keïta in 1968. Thereafter he s...
Moussa Traoré - Wikipedia
Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya
Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya (Arabic: معاوية ولد سيد أحمد الطايع‎, Ma‘āwiyah wuld Sīdi Aḥmad aṭ-Ṭāya‘, also transliterated as Mu'awiya walad Sayyidi Ahmad Taya) (born November 28, 1941), was ...
Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya - Wikipedia
Nicolás Maduro
Nicolás Maduro Moros ([nikoˈlas maˈðuɾo ˈmoɾos]; born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician who has been President of Venezuela since 2013. Previously he served under President Hugo Chávez as M...
Nicolás Maduro - Wikipedia
Hideki Tojo
Hideki Tojo (Kyūjitai: 東條 英機; Shinjitai: 東条 英機;  Tōjō Hideki ) (December 30, 1884 – December 23, 1948) was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), the leader of the Imperial Rule...
Hideki Tojo - Wikipedia
Ramzan Kadyrov
Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov (Russian: Рамза́н Ахма́дович Кады́ров; [rɐˈmzan ɐxˈmadəvʲɪtɕ kɐˈdɨrəf], Chechen: Къадар АхIмат-кIант Ръамазан; born 5 October 1976) is the Head of the Chechen Republ...
Ely Ould Mohamed Vall
Colonel Ely Ould Mohamed Vall (Arabic: إعلي ولد محمد فال‎; born 1953 in Nouakchott) is a political and military figure in Mauritania. He served as the transitional military leader of Maurita...