Population transfer in the Soviet Union
Population transfer in the Soviet Union may be classified into the following broad categories: deportations of "anti-Soviet" categories of population, often classified as "enemies of workers," deporta...
Population transfer in the Soviet Union - Wikipedia
Georges Florovsky
Georges Vasilievich Florovsky (Russian: Гео́ргий Васи́льевич Флоро́вский) (September 9 [O.S. August 28], 1893 – August 11, 1979) was an Orthodox Christian priest, theologian, historian and ecumenist. ...
Operation Priboi
Operation Priboi ("Coastal Surf") was the code name for the Soviet mass deportation from the Baltic states on March 25–28, 1949, called March deportation by Baltic historians. Some 90,000 Estonians, L...
Operation Priboi - Wikipedia
Operation North
Operation North (Russian: Операция "Север") was the code name assigned by the USSR Ministry of State Security to massive deportation of Jehovah's Witnesses and their families to Siberia in the Sov...
Against Their Will
Against Their Will... The History and Geography of Forced Migrations in the USSR is a historical research book by Pavel Polyan, published by the Memorial society. It is the first comprehensive study o...
Against Their Will - Wikipedia
June deportation
June deportation (Estonian: Juuniküüditamine, Latvian: Jūnija deportācijas, Lithuanian: Birželio trėmimai) was the first in the series of mass Soviet deportations of tens of thousands of p...
June deportation - Wikipedia
Labor army
The notion of the Labor army (трудовая армия, трудармия) was introduced in Soviet Russia during 1920. Initially the term was applied to regiments of Red Army transferred from military activity to labo...
Deportation of the Crimean Tatars
The forcible deportation of the Crimean Tatars from Crimea was ordered by Joseph Stalin as a form of collective punishment for alleged collaboration with the Nazi occupation regime in Taurida Subdistr...
Soviet deportations from Estonia
As the Soviet Union had occupied Estonia in 1940 and retaken it from Nazi Germany again in 1944, tens of thousands of Estonia's citizens underwent deportation in the 1940s. Deportations were predomina...
Soviet deportations from Estonia - Wikipedia
Deportation of Germans from Romania after World War II
The deportation of Germans from Romania after World War II, conducted on Soviet order early in 1945, uprooted tens of thousands of Romania's Germans, many of whom lost their lives. The deportation was...
Deportation of Germans from Romania after World War II - Wikipedia
Operation Lentil (Caucasus)
Operation Lentil (Russian: Чечевица, Chechevitsa; Chechen: Aardax, Ardakh) was the Soviet expulsion of the whole of the Vainakh (Chechen and Ingush) populations of the North Caucasus to Centra...
Forced settlements in the Soviet Union
Forced settlements in the Soviet Union took several forms. Though the most notorious was the Gulag labor camp system of penal labor, resettling of entire categories of population was another method of...
Forced settlements in the Soviet Union - Wikipedia
Kulak
Kulaks (Russian: кула́к, kulak; [kʊˈlak], Polish: kułak) "fist", by extension "tight-fisted"; kurkuls in Ukraine, also used in Russian texts (in Ukrainian contexts) were a category of relativ...
Kulak - Wikipedia
Kola Norwegians
The Kola Norwegians were Norwegian settlers along the coastline of the Kola Peninsula in Russia.
In 1860 the Russian Tsar Alexander II granted permission for Norwegian settlements on the Kola. Aro...
Deportation of Koreans in the Soviet Union
Deportation of Koreans in the Soviet Union, originally conceived in 1926, initiated in 1930, and carried through in 1937, was the first mass transfer of an entire nationality in the Soviet Union. Almo...
Kalmyk deportations of 1943
The Kalmyk deportations of 1943, codename Operation Ulussy, was the deportation of most people of the Kalmyk nationality in the Soviet Union (USSR), and Russian women married to Kalmyks, but excepting...
Crimea Germans
The Crimea Germans (German: Krimdeutsche) were ethnic German settlers who were invited to settle in the Crimea as part of the East Colonization.
From 1783 onwards, there was a systematic settl...
Crimea Germans - Wikipedia
Philosophers' ships
Philosophers' ships is the collective name for ships which transported intellectuals expelled from Soviet Russia in 1922.The main load was handled by two German ships, the Oberbürgermeister Haken and ...
Philosophers' ships - Wikipedia
Turks in the former Soviet Union
Turks in the former Soviet Union were a relatively small minority within the Soviet Union. However, their presence is considered important within Turkology due to the deportation of thousands of Turks...
Turks in the former Soviet Union - Wikipedia
Soviet deportations from Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina
The Soviet deportations from Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina took place between late 1940 and 1951 and were part of Joseph Stalin's policy of political repression (see Population transfer in the Sovi...
Soviet deportations from Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina - Wikipedia
Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
The Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (German: Autonome Sozialistische Sowjetrepublik der Wolgadeutschen; Russian: Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика Немцев Повол...
Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic - Wikipedia
Serov Instructions
The document "On the Procedure for Carrying out the Deportation of Anti-Soviet Elements from Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia", informally referred to as the Serov Instructions, was an undated top secr...
Evacuation of Finnish Karelia
As a result of the 1940 Moscow Peace Treaty that concluded the Winter War, Finland ceded the area of Finnish Karelia and other territories to the Soviet Union. As a result, about 410,000 Finnish Kare...
Evacuation of Finnish Karelia - Wikipedia
Inochentism
Inochentism (occasionally translated as Innocentism or the Inochentist church; Russian: Иннокентьевцы, Innokentevtsy) is a millennialist and Charismatic Christian sect, split from mainstream Eastern ...
Inochentism - Wikipedia
KGB victim memorials
Memorials to victims of the KGB have been set up in several countries that were formerly occupied by the Soviet Union, often in former KGB prisons, to document the repressions of the Soviet secret po...