L-plan castle
An L-plan castle is a castle or towerhouse in the shape of an L, typically built in the 13th to the 17th century. This design is found quite frequently in Scotland, but is also seen in England, Irelan...
L-plan castle - Wikipedia
Charter
A charter is the grant of authority or rights, stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified. It is implicit that the granter retains s...
Fealty
An oath of fealty, from the Latin fidelitas (faithfulness), is a pledge of allegiance of one person to another.
In medieval Europe, the swearing of fealty took the form of an oath made by a vassal...
Middle Angles
The Middle Angles were an important ethnic or cultural group within the larger kingdom of Mercia in England in the Anglo-Saxon period.
It is likely that Angles broke into the Midlands from East An...
Middle Angles - Wikipedia
Val di Crati
The Val di Crati was an administrative region in the Kingdom of Sicily. It was the territory originally conquered by Robert Guiscard in the 1050s. At that time, its population was a mix of Greek and L...
Kings of Jorvik
Northumbria, a kingdom of Angles, in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland, was initially divided into two kingdoms: Bernicia and Deira. The two were first united by Aethelfrith around ...
Lord's waste
Lord’s Waste was common land where all members of the community had right of passage.Part of the demesne land of the manor which being uncultivated was termed the Lord’s Waste and served for public ro...
Middle Dutch
Middle Dutch is a collective name for a number of closely related West Germanic dialects (whose ancestor was Old Dutch) which were spoken and written between 1150 and 1500. There was at that time as y...
Middle Dutch - Wikipedia
The fisherwife of Palermo (witch trial)
In the historical folklore of Sicily, Donas de fuera (Spanish for "Ladies from the Outside"; Sicily was under Spanish rule at the time) were supernatural female beings comparable to the fairies of En...
Medieval household
The medieval household was, like modern households, the centre of family life for all classes of European society. Yet in contrast to the household of today, it consisted of many more individuals than...
Medieval household - Wikipedia
Protestantism
Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church. I...
Protestantism - Wikipedia
Jocelyn (Sicilian chancellor)
Jocelyn (original Latin: Canzolinus, Italianised as Gozzelino) was an Italo-Norman officer serving Roger II of Sicily. In 1134, he was appointed lieutenant to Guarin in the Terra di Lavoro with the ti...
Jocelyn (Sicilian chancellor) - Wikipedia
Feudalism in England
Feudalism as practiced in the Kingdom of England was a state of human society which was formally structured and stratified on the basis of land tenure and the varieties thereof. Society was thus order...
Heriot
Heriot, from Old English heregeat ("war-gear"), was originally a death-duty in late Anglo-Saxon England, which required that at death, a nobleman provided to his king a given set of military equipment...
Heriot - Wikipedia
Petrus Peregrinus de Maricourt
Petrus Peregrinus de Maricourt (Latin), Pierre Pelerin de Maricourt (French), or Peter Peregrinus of Maricourt (fl. 1269), was a 13th-century French scholar who conducted experiments on magnetism and ...
Petrus Peregrinus de Maricourt - Wikipedia
Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies
Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies refer collectively to the genealogies of the pre-Viking Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Britain. These trace the royal families through legendary kings and heroes and usually an ...
Economics of English towns and trade in the Middle Ages
The economics of English towns and trade in the Middle Ages is the economic history of English towns and trade from the Norman invasion in 1066, to the death of Henry VII in 1509. Although England's e...
Economics of English towns and trade in the Middle Ages - Wikipedia
Old Dutch
In linguistics, Old Dutch or Old Low Franconian denotes the Franconian (or Frankish) dialects spoken in the Low Countries during the Early Middle Ages from around the 5th to the 12th century. Old Dutc...
Old Dutch - Wikipedia
Count
Count (male) or countess (female) is a title in European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey an approximate rank intermediate between the highest and lowest titl...
Count - Wikipedia
Feudalism
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationshi...
Feudalism - Wikipedia