Prague Spring
The Prague Spring (Czech: Pražské jaro, Slovak: Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II....
Prague Spring - Wikipedia
Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia
On the night of 20–21 August 1968, the Soviet Union and its main allies in the Warsaw Pact—Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany, and Poland—invaded the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in order to halt Alex...
Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia - Wikipedia
Protests of 1968
The protests of 1968 comprised a worldwide escalation of social conflicts, predominantly characterized by popular rebellions against military and bureaucratic elites, who responded with an escalation ...
Protests of 1968 - Wikipedia
Normalization (Czechoslovakia)
In the history of Czechoslovakia, normalization (Czech: normalizace, Slovak: normalizácia) is a name commonly given to the period 1969–87. It was characterized by initial restoration of the co...
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (Czech and Slovak: Komunistická strana Československa, KSČ) was a Communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Czechoslovakia that existed between 1921 and 1...
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia - Wikipedia
The Unbearable Lightness of Being (film)
The Unbearable Lightness of Being is a 1988 American film adaptation of the novel of the same name by Milan Kundera, published in 1984. Director Philip Kaufman and screenplay writer Jean-Claude Carri...
The Unbearable Lightness of Being (film) - Wikipedia
Ostrauer Volksblatt
Ostrauer Volksblatt ('Ostrava People's Paper'), later renamed Der Kampf ('The Struggle'), was a German-language socialist newspaper published in Austria, later Czechoslovakia. It was founded as a week...
Jiří Pelikán (politician)
Jiří Pelikán (7 February 1923 in Olomouc, Czechoslovakia – 26 June 1999 in Rome, Italy) was a Czechoslovakian journalist and member of parliament, then a member of the European Parliament for th...
Oldřich Černík
Oldřich Černík (October 27, 1921 - October 19, 1994) was a Czechoslovakian Communist political figure. He was the Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia from April 8, 1968 to January 28, 1970.A party offici...
1968 Red Square demonstration
The 1968 Red Square demonstration (Russian: Демонстрация 25 августа 1968 года) took place on 25 August 1968 at Red Square, Moscow, Soviet Union, to protest the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the So...
1968 Red Square demonstration - Wikipedia
Moscow Protocol
Moscow Protocol (Czech: Moskevský protokol and Slovak: Moskovský protokol, officially Protocol of the negotiations of the ČSSR and USSR delegations) was a document signed by Czechoslovak polit...
Jakub Polák (anarchist)
Jakub Polák (1 September 1952 – 25 September 2012) was a Czech anarchist and anti-racism activist. Polák was involved particularly in Roma rights and squatters' rights issues.Polák was born in Karlovy...
Czechoslovak Hockey Riots
The Czechoslovak Hockey Riots were a short lived series of protests, mildly violent on occasion (several people were injured), that took place in response to the 1969 World Ice Hockey Championships.Af...
Gustáv Husák
Gustáv Husák ([ˈɡustau̯ ˈɦusaːk]; 10 January 1913 – 18 November 1991) was a Slovak politician, president of Czechoslovakia and a long-term Secretary General of the Communist Party of Czechoslov...
Gustáv Husák - Wikipedia
Vorwärts (Czechoslovak newspaper)
Vorwärts ('Forward) was a communist newspaper published from Liberec, Czechoslovakia. It was the German-language organ of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia The frequency of publishing shifted, but...
Vorwärts (Czechoslovak newspaper) - Wikipedia
Vasil Biľak
RSDr. Vasil Biľak (11 August 1917 – 6 February 2014) was a Slovak Communist leader of Rusyn origin.Vasil Biľak was born in Krajná Bystrá (Hungarian: Bátorhegy), in the Sáros County of the Kingdom ...
Vasil Biľak - Wikipedia
Zdeněk Mlynář
Zdeněk Mlynář (Müller) (22 June 1930, Vysoké Mýto – 15 April 1997, Vienna) was secretary of Czechoslovak communist party in the years 1968–1970 and an intellectual who went against the grain during a ...
Zdeněk Mlynář - Wikipedia
Jan Zajíc
Jan Zajíc (July 3, 1950 – February 25, 1969) was a Czech student who committed suicide by self-immolation as a political protest. He was a student of the Střední průmyslová škola železniční technical ...
Jan Zajíc - Wikipedia
Alexander Dubček
Alexander Dubček ([ˈalɛksandɛr ˈduptʃɛk]; 27 November 1921 – 7 November 1992) was a Slovak politician and, briefly, leader of Czechoslovakia (1968–1969). He attempted to reform the communist regime du...
Alexander Dubček - Wikipedia
Munkás
Munkás ('The Worker') was a Hungarian-language newspaper in Czechoslovakia. The newspaper, which was an organ of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, was one of the major Hungarian newspapers in Cze...
Rudé právo
Rudé právo (Czech for The Red Right or The Red Law) was the official newspaper of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.
Rudé právo was founded in 1920 when the party was splitting from the social...
Rudé právo - Wikipedia
František Kriegel
František Kriegel (10 April 1908 — 3 December 1979) was a Czechoslovak politician, physician, and a member of the Communist Party reform wing of Prague Spring (1968). He was the only one of the ...
František Kriegel - Wikipedia
Čestmír Císař
Čestmír Císař (January 2, 1920 – March 24, 2013) was a Czech and Czechoslovak politician and diplomat. He served as the first Chairman of the Czech National Council from 1968 to 1969 when the Czech Re...
Čestmír Císař - Wikipedia
The Two Thousand Words
"The Two Thousand Words" is a manifesto written by Czech reformist writer Ludvík Vaculík in the midst of the Prague Spring, a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia that began in January...
The Two Thousand Words - Wikipedia
Ryszard Siwiec
Ryszard Siwiec ([ˈrɨʂart ˈɕivjɛt͡s]; 7 March 1909 — 12 September 1968) was a Polish accountant and former Home Army resistance member who was the first person to commit suicide by self-immolation in p...
Ryszard Siwiec - Wikipedia
Brezhnev Doctrine
The Brezhnev Doctrine was a Soviet Union foreign policy, first and most clearly outlined by S. Kovalev in a September 26, 1968, Pravda article, entitled "Sovereignty and the International Obligations ...
Music for Prague 1968
Music for Prague 1968 is a programmatic work written by Czech-born composer Karel Husa for symphonic band and later transcribed for full orchestra, written shortly after the Soviet Union crushed the P...
Pavel Litvinov
Pavel Litvinov (Russian: Павел Михайлович Литвинов, born 1940) is a Russian physicist, writer, human rights activist and former Soviet-era dissident. He is the grandson of Ivy Low and Maxim Litvi...
Pavel Litvinov - Wikipedia
The Unbearable Lightness of Being
The Unbearable Lightness of Being (Czech: Nesnesitelná lehkost bytí) is a 1984 novel by Milan Kundera, about two women, two men, a dog and their lives in the Prague Spring period of Czechoslovak h...
The Unbearable Lightness of Being - Wikipedia