Laissez-faire
Laissez-faire (/ˌlɛseɪˈfɛr-/, [lɛsefɛʁ]) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are relatively free from government interference such as restrictions, privileges, tariffs,...
Giovanni Botero
Giovanni Botero (c. 1544 – 1617) was an Italian thinker, priest, poet, and diplomat, best known for his work Della ragion di Stato (The Reason of State). In this work, Botero argued against th...
Giovanni Botero - Wikipedia
Ancient economic thought
In the history of economic thought, ancient economic thought refers to the ideas from people before the Middle Ages.Economics in the classical age is defined in the modern analysis as a factor of ethi...
Ancient economic thought - Wikipedia
Physiocrats
Physiocracy (from the Greek for "Government of Nature") is an economic theory developed by a group of 18th century enlightened French economists who believed that the wealth of nations was derived sol...
Diminishing returns
∪In economics, diminishing returns (also called law of diminishing returns, law of variable proportions, principle of diminishing marginal productivity, or diminishing marginal returns) is the decreas...
Just price
The just price is a theory of ethics in economics that attempts to set standards of fairness in transactions. With intellectual roots in ancient Greek philosophy, it was advanced by Thomas Aquinas bas...
Just price - Wikipedia
Chanakya
Chanakya ( pronunciation ; 350 – 275 BCE)was an Indian teacher, philosopher, and royal advisor.Originally a professor of economics and political science at the ancient Takshashila University...
Chanakya - Wikipedia
Thomas Mun
Thomas Mun (17 June 1571 – 21 July 1641) was an English writer on economics who has been called the last of the early mercantilists. He was among the first to recognize the exportation ...
Thomas Mun - Wikipedia
Domingo de Soto
Domingo de Soto (1494 – November 15, 1560) was a Dominican priest and Scholastic theologian born in Segovia, Spain, and died in Salamanca at the age of 66. He is best known as one of the major figures...
Asabiyyah
`Asabiyya or asabiyah (Arabic: عصبية, ʻaṣabīya) refers to social solidarity with an emphasis on unity, group consciousness and sense of shared purpose, and social cohesion, originally in a context of ...
Tableau économique
The Tableau économique or Economic Table is an economic model first described by French economist François Quesnay in 1758, which laid the foundation of the Physiocratic school of economics.Quesnay b...
Tableau économique - Wikipedia
Martín de Azpilcueta
Martín de Azpilcueta (Azpilicueta in Spanish) (13 December 1491 – 1 June 1586), or Doctor Navarrus, was an important Spanish canonist and theologian in his time, and an early economist, the fir...
Martín de Azpilcueta - Wikipedia
Ibn Khaldun
Ibn Khaldūn (full name, Arabic: أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي‎, Abū Zayd ‘Abdu r-Raḥmān bin Muḥammad bin Khaldūn Al-Ḥaḍrami; May 27, 1332 CE – March 19, 1406 CE was an Arab Mu...
Ibn Khaldun - Wikipedia
Philipp von Hörnigk
Philipp von Hörnigk (sometimes spelt Hornick or Horneck; 23 January 1640 – 23 October 1714) was a German civil servant and a supporter of the economic theory of mercantilism.
Von Hörnigk was...
Philipp von Hörnigk - Wikipedia
William Petty
Sir William Petty FRS (26 May 1623 – 16 December 1687) was an English economist, scientist and philosopher. He first became prominent serving Oliver Cromwell and Commonwealth in Ireland. He developed...
William Petty - Wikipedia
Josiah Child
Sir Josiah Child, 1st Baronet (1630 – 22 June 1699) was an English merchant and politician. He was an economist proponent of mercantilism and governor of the East India Company.
Child was born in ...
Josiah Child - Wikipedia
James Steuart (economist)
Sir James Steuart, 3rd Baronet of Goodtrees and eventually 7th Baronet of Coltness; late in life Sir James Steuart Denham, also called Sir James Denham Steuart (/ˈstuːərt, ˈstjuː-/; 21 October 1713, E...
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Jean-Baptiste Colbert ([ʒɑ̃.ba.tist kɔl.bɛʁ]; 29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis...
Jean-Baptiste Colbert - Wikipedia
Muqaddimah
The Muqaddimah, also known as the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldun (Arabic: مقدّمة ابن خلدون, meaning in English: Ibn Khaldun's Introduction) or Ibn Khaldun's Prolegomena (Greek: Προλεγόμενα), is a book wr...
Edward Misselden
Edward Misselden (1608–1654) was an English merchant, and leading member of the writers in the Mercantilist group of economic thought. He argued that international movements of money and fluctuations ...
Ferdinando Galiani
Ferdinando Galiani (2 December 1728, Chieti, Kingdom of Naples – 30 October 1787, Naples, Kingdom of Naples) was an Italian economist, a leading Italian figure of the Enlightenment. Friedrich Nietzsch...
Ferdinando Galiani - Wikipedia
Jean Bodin
Jean Bodin (1530–1596) was a French jurist and political philosopher, member of the Parlement of Paris and professor of law in Toulouse. He is best known for his theory of sovereignty; he was also an ...
Jean Bodin - Wikipedia
Richard Cantillon
Richard Cantillon (1680s – May 1734) was an Irish-French economist and author of Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en Général (Essay on the Nature of Trade in General), a book considered by William...
Richard Cantillon - Wikipedia
Pieter de la Court
Pieter de la Court (1618 – May 28, 1685) was a Dutch economist and businessman, he is the origin of the successful De la Court family. He pioneered modern thinking about the economic importance ...
Pieter de la Court - Wikipedia
Roman law
Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, including Roman Military Jurisdiction and the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the 12 Tables (c. 449 BC), to the ...
Wang Anshi
Wang Anshi (Chinese: 王安石; December 8, 1021 – May 21, 1086 ) was a Chinese economist, statesman, chancellor and poet of the Song Dynasty who attempted controversial, major socioeconomic refor...
Wang Anshi - Wikipedia
Bullionism
Bullionism is an economic theory that defines wealth by the amount of precious metals owned. Bullionism is an early or primitive form of mercantilism. It was derived, in the 16th century, from the obs...
Bullionism - Wikipedia
Charles Davenant
Charles Davenant (1656–1714) was an English mercantilist economist, politician, and pamphleteer. He was Tory member of Parliament for St Ives (Cornwall), and for Great Bedwyn.
The eldest son of Si...
Luis de Molina
Luis de Molina (September 1535, Cuenca, Spain – 12 October 1600, Madrid, Spain), was a Spanish Jesuit priest and a staunch Scholastic defender of 'human liberty' in the Divine grace and human l...
Luis de Molina - Wikipedia