Privilege (evidence)
An evidentiary privilege is a rule of evidence that allows the holder of the privilege to refuse to provide evidence about a certain subject or to bar such evidence from being disclosed or used in a j...
Priest–penitent privilege
Known as the clergy-penitent privilege, clergy privilege, confessional privilege, priest-penitent privilege, clergyman-communicant privilege, and ecclesiastical privilege; it is an application of the...
Confessional privilege (United States)
In United States law, confessional privilege is a rule of evidence that forbids the inquiry into the content or even existence of certain communications between clergy and communicants.It grows out of...
Doctor–patient relationship
The doctor–patient relationship is central to the practice of healthcare and is essential for the delivery of high-quality health care in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. The doctor–patient re...
Doctor–patient relationship - Wikipedia
Legal professional privilege in Australia
In Australia, legal professional privilege (also referred to as client legal privilege) is a rule of law protecting communications between legal practitioners and their clients from disclosure under c...
Jaffee v. Redmond
Jaffee v. Redmond, 518 U.S. 1 (1996), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court created a psychotherapist-patient privilege in the Federal Rules of Evidence.
Mary Lu Redmond was a ...
Seal of the Confessional and the Lutheran Church
The Seal of the Confessional is a Christian doctrine which affirms the special protection and privilege of the words spoken during confession between a penitent (church member) and his or her pastor. ...
Seal of the Confessional and the Lutheran Church - Wikipedia
Justice and Security Act 2013
The Justice and Security Act 2013 (c. 18) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, firstly to provide for oversight of the Security Service (MI5), the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), the ...
Legal professional privilege
In common law jurisdictions, legal professional privilege protects all communications between a professional legal adviser (a solicitor, barrister or attorney) and his or her clients from being disclo...
Joint defense privilege
The joint defense privilege, or common-interest rule, is an extension of the attorney–client privilege. Under “common interest” or “joint defense” doctrine, parties with shared interest in actual or ...
Branzburg v. Hayes
Branzburg v. Hayes, 408 U.S. 665 (1972), was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision invalidating the use of the First Amendment as a defense for reporters summoned to testify before a grand j...
Seal of the Confessional and the Anglican Church
The Seal of the Confessional is a principle of the Anglican Church that protects the words spoken during confession. Confession has certain censures on disclosure as there is an understanding among th...
United States v. Reynolds
United States v. Reynolds, 345 U.S. 1 (1953), is a landmark legal case in 1953 that saw the formal recognition of the State Secrets Privilege, a judicially recognized extension of presidential pow...
United States v. Reynolds - Wikipedia
Reporters' privilege
Reporter's privilege in the United States (also journalist's privilege, newsman's privilege, or press privilege), is a "reporter's protection under constitutional or statutory law, from being compelle...
Duty of confidentiality
In common law jurisdictions, the duty of confidentiality obliges a solicitor (or attorney) to respect the confidentiality of his client's affairs. Information that a solicitor obtains about his client...
I Confess (film)
I Confess is a 1953 drama film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Montgomery Clift as Fr. Michael William Logan, a Catholic priest, Anne Baxter as Ruth Grandfort, and Karl Malden as Inspector...
I Confess (film) - Wikipedia
Shield laws in the United States
A shield law is legislation designed to protect reporters' privilege, or the right of news reporters to refuse to testify as to information and/or sources of information obtained during the news gathe...
Public-interest immunity
Public-interest immunity (PII) is a principle of English common law under which the English courts can grant a court order allowing one litigant to refrain from disclosing evidence to the other litiga...
Legal professional privilege in England and Wales
In England and Wales, the principle of legal professional privilege has long been recognised by the common law. It is seen as a fundamental principle of justice, and grants a protection from disclosin...
John of Nepomuk
John of Nepomuk (or John Nepomucene) (Czech: Jan Nepomucký) (c. 1345 – March 20, 1393)is a national saint of Bohemia, who was drowned in the Vltava river at the behest of Wenceslaus, King of the R...
John of Nepomuk - Wikipedia
Therapeutic privilege
A therapeutic privilege (or therapeutic exception) refers to an uncommon situation whereby a physician may be excused from revealing information to a patient when disclosing it would pose a serious p...
Physician–patient privilege
Physician–patient privilege is a legal concept, related to medical confidentiality, that protects communications between a patient and his or her doctor from being used against the patient in court. I...
Surrogate's court
A probate court (also called a surrogate court) is a specialized court that deals with matters of probate and the administration of estates. Probate courts administer proper distribution of the assets...
Priest–penitent privilege in England
The doctrine of priest–penitent privilege does not appear to apply in English law. The orthodox view is that under the law of England and Wales privileged communication exists only in the context of l...
Probate court
A probate court (also called a surrogate court) is a specialized court that deals with matters of probate and the administration of estates. Probate courts administer proper distribution of the assets...