Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel (Piedrahita, 29 October 1507 – Lisbon, 11 December 1582), known as the Grand Duke of Alba in Spain and the Iron Duke in the Netherlands, was a Spanish noble, gene...
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba - Wikipedia
Defenders (Ireland)
The Defenders were a Roman Catholic agrarian secret society in 18th-century Ireland, founded in County Armagh. Initially, they were formed as local defensive organisations opposed to the Protestant Pe...
Tumult of Thorn (Toruń)
The Tumult of Thorn (Toruń), or Blood-Bath of Thorn (Polish: Tumult toruński, German: Thorner Blutgericht) refers to executions ordered in 1724 by the Polish supreme court under Augustus II th...
Tumult of Thorn (Toruń) - Wikipedia
Traditionalist Catholic
Traditionalist Catholics are Roman Catholics who believe that there should be a restoration of many or all of the liturgical forms, public and private devotions and presentations of teaching of the Ch...
Traditionalist Catholic - Wikipedia
John Lauder
John Lauder (c.1488 – between 1551 and 1556) was Scotland's Public Accuser of Heretics.
In the Great Seal of Scotland, (number 1136 dated at Edinburgh on 15 February 1532) – "the King grants...
Gunpowder Plot
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605, in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or the Jesuit Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland by...
Gunpowder Plot - Wikipedia
Pope Leo X
Pope Leo X (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was Pope from 9 March 1513 to his death in 1521. The second son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, ruler of the Florentin...
Pope Leo X - Wikipedia
Kingsmill massacre
The Kingsmill massacre took place on 5 January 1976 near the village of Kingsmill in south County Armagh, Northern Ireland. Gunmen stopped eleven Ulster Protestant workmen travelling on a minibus, lin...
Kingsmill massacre - Wikipedia
Rome Rule
"Rome Rule" was a term used by (usually Protestant) Irish unionists to describe their belief that with the passage of a Home Rule Bill, the Roman Catholic Church would gain political power over their ...
Rome Rule - Wikipedia
Pochvennichestvo
Pochvennichestvo (Russian: Почвенничество, roughly Return to the Soil from почва, pochva, the Russian word for soil) was a late 19th-century Russian Ultra-Nationalist movement tied in closely with...
Pochvennichestvo - Wikipedia
Edict of Versailles
The Edict of Versailles, commonly known as the Edict of Tolerance, was an official act that gave non-Catholics in France the right to openly practice their religions as well as legal and civil status,...
Edict of Versailles - Wikipedia
Bigod's Rebellion
Bigod's Rebellion of January 1537 was an armed rebellion by English Roman Catholics in Cumberland and Westmorland against King Henry VIII of England and the English Parliament. It was led by Sir Franc...
Mary I of England
Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants caused her opponents to give her the sobriquet "Blo...
Mary I of England - Wikipedia
Protestantische Rompilger
Protestantische Rompilger (subtitled: Der Verrat an Luther, or The treason of Luther) was a polemic written by Alfred Rosenberg to answer the Protestant criticism (mainly from the Confessing Church) ...
Pope Pius V
Pope Saint Pius V (17 January 1504 – 1 May 1572), born Antonio Ghislieri (from 1518 called Michele Ghislieri, O.P.), was Pope from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated as a saint of th...
Pope Pius V - Wikipedia
Joseph de Maistre
Joseph-Marie, comte de Maistre ([də mɛstʁ]; 1 April 1753 – 26 February 1821) was a Savoyard philosopher, writer, lawyer, freemason and diplomat. He defended hierarchical societies and a monarchical St...
Joseph de Maistre - Wikipedia
Monklands East by-election, 1994
The Monklands East by-election was held on 30 June 1994, following the death of the Leader of the Labour Party John Smith, Member of Parliament (MP) for Monklands East in Scotland, on 12 May.Monklands...
Monklands East by-election, 1994 - Wikipedia
Philip II of Spain
Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II «el Prudente»; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581 (as Philip I, Felipe I). From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sic...
Philip II of Spain - Wikipedia
François Ravaillac
François Ravaillac ([fʁɑ̃swa ʁavajak]; 1578 – 27 May 1610) was a French factotum in the courts of Angoulême and a regicide. An occasional tutor and Catholic zealot, he murdered King Henry IV of ...
François Ravaillac - Wikipedia
Pope Paul IV
Pope Paul IV, C.R. (Latin: Paulus IV; 28 June 1476 – 18 August 1559), né Gian Pietro Carafa, was Pope from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as papal nuncio in Spain, he develo...
Pope Paul IV - Wikipedia
Council of Troubles
The Council of Troubles (usual English translation of Dutch: Raad van Beroerten, or Spanish: Tribunal de los Tumultos, or French: Conseil des Troubles) was the special tribunal institut...
Council of Troubles - Wikipedia
Johann Eck
Dr. Johann Maier von Eck (13 November 1486 – 13 February 1543) was a German Scholastic theologian and defender of Catholicism during the Protestant Reformation.
Johann Eck was born Johann Ma...
Johann Eck - Wikipedia
Religion of the Yellow Stick
The religion of the yellow stick (Scottish Gaelic: Creideamh a’ bhata-bhuidhe) was a facetious name given to the forced "belief" of certain churchgoers who lived in the Hebrides of Scotland. Such ...
Counter-Reformation
The Counter-Reformation (also the Catholic Revival or Catholic Reformation) was the period of Catholic revival beginning with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and ending at the close of the Thirty Yea...
Counter-Reformation - Wikipedia
Catholic League (French)
The Catholic League of France, sometimes referred to by contemporary (and modern) Catholics as the Holy League, a major player in the French Wars of Religion, was formed by Henry I, Duke of Guise, in ...
Catholic League (French) - Wikipedia
Day of the Barricades
In the French Wars of Religion, the Day of the Barricades (in french : Journée des barricades), 12 May 1588, was an apparently spontaneous public uprising in staunchly Catholic Paris against the ...
Day of the Barricades - Wikipedia
Pope Sixtus V
Pope Sixtus V or Xystus V (13 December 1521 – 27 August 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope from 24 April 1585 to his death in 1590. To date, he is the last pontiff to take the pontifical...
Pope Sixtus V - Wikipedia