Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II (9 July 1578 – 15 February 1637), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor (1619–1637), King of Bohemia (1617–1619, 1620–1637), and King of Hungary (1618–1625). His rule ...
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia
Armagh disturbances
The Armagh disturbances was a period of intense sectarian fighting in the 1780s and 1790s between the Protestant Peep o' Day Boys and the Roman Catholic Defenders, in County Armagh, Ireland, culminati...
Thomas More
Sir Thomas More (/ˈmɔr/; 7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), venerated by Roman Catholics as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman and noted Renais...
Thomas More - Wikipedia
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel (Piedrahita, 29 October 1507 – Lisbon, 11 December 1582), known as the Grand Duke of Alba in Spain and the Iron Duke in the Netherlands, was a Spanish noble, gene...
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba - Wikipedia
Defenders (Ireland)
The Defenders were a Roman Catholic agrarian secret society in 18th-century Ireland, founded in County Armagh. Initially, they were formed as local defensive organisations opposed to the Protestant Pe...
Thomas Murner
Thomas Murner (24 December 1475 – c. 1537) was a German satirist, poet and translator.He was born at Oberehnheim (Obernai) near Strasbourg. In 1490 he entered the Franciscan order, and in 1495 b...
Thomas Murner - Wikipedia
Tumult of Thorn (Toruń)
The Tumult of Thorn (Toruń), or Blood-Bath of Thorn (Polish: Tumult toruński, German: Thorner Blutgericht) refers to executions ordered in 1724 by the Polish supreme court under Augustus II th...
Tumult of Thorn (Toruń) - Wikipedia
John Lauder
John Lauder (c.1488 – between 1551 and 1556) was Scotland's Public Accuser of Heretics.
In the Great Seal of Scotland, (number 1136 dated at Edinburgh on 15 February 1532) – "the King grants...
Rome Rule
"Rome Rule" was a term used by (usually Protestant) Irish unionists to describe their belief that with the passage of a Home Rule Bill, the Roman Catholic Church would gain political power over their ...
Rome Rule - Wikipedia
Pochvennichestvo
Pochvennichestvo (Russian: Почвенничество, roughly Return to the Soil from почва, pochva, the Russian word for soil) was a late 19th-century Russian Ultra-Nationalist movement tied in closely with...
Pochvennichestvo - Wikipedia
Edict of Versailles
The Edict of Versailles, commonly known as the Edict of Tolerance, was an official act that gave non-Catholics in France the right to openly practice their religions as well as legal and civil status,...
Edict of Versailles - Wikipedia
Simon Renard
Simon Renard, Sieur of Bermont and Lieutenant of Aumont or Amont, (1513, 8 August 1573) was an advisor of the Emperor Charles V and his son Philip II of Spain, overlords of the County of Burgundy and ...
Simon Renard - Wikipedia
Reginald Pole
Reginald Pole (12 March 1500 – 17 November 1558) was an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office during the Counter Reform...
Reginald Pole - Wikipedia
Bigod's Rebellion
Bigod's Rebellion of January 1537 was an armed rebellion by English Roman Catholics in Cumberland and Westmorland against King Henry VIII of England and the English Parliament. It was led by Sir Franc...
Mary I of England
Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants caused her opponents to give her the sobriquet "Blo...
Mary I of England - Wikipedia
Protestantische Rompilger
Protestantische Rompilger (subtitled: Der Verrat an Luther, or The treason of Luther) was a polemic written by Alfred Rosenberg to answer the Protestant criticism (mainly from the Confessing Church) ...
Pope Pius V
Pope Saint Pius V (17 January 1504 – 1 May 1572), born Antonio Ghislieri (from 1518 called Michele Ghislieri, O.P.), was Pope from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated as a saint of th...
Pope Pius V - Wikipedia
Joseph de Maistre
Joseph-Marie, comte de Maistre ([də mɛstʁ]; 1 April 1753 – 26 February 1821) was a Savoyard philosopher, writer, lawyer, freemason and diplomat. He defended hierarchical societies and a monarchical St...
Joseph de Maistre - Wikipedia
Religious war
A religious war or holy war (Latin: bellum sacrum) is a war primarily caused or justified by differences in religion. The account of the conquest of Canaan by the Israelites in the Book of Joshua,...
Religious war - Wikipedia
Kingsmill massacre
The Kingsmill massacre took place on 5 January 1976 near the village of Kingsmill in south County Armagh, Northern Ireland. Gunmen stopped eleven Ulster Protestant workmen travelling on a minibus, lin...
Kingsmill massacre - Wikipedia
Anti-Protestantism
"Anti-Protestantism," which might be more accurately described as either "Catholic Anti-Protestantism," or, "Orthodox Anti-Protestantism," is an institutional, ideological or emotional bias, hatred ...
Anti-Protestantism - Wikipedia
Thirty Years' War
The Thirty Years' War was a series of wars in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648. It was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history, and one of the longest.Initially a war between Pro...
Thirty Years' War - Wikipedia
Monklands East by-election, 1994
The Monklands East by-election was held on 30 June 1994, following the death of the Leader of the Labour Party John Smith, Member of Parliament (MP) for Monklands East in Scotland, on 12 May.Monklands...
Monklands East by-election, 1994 - Wikipedia
Philip II of Spain
Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II «el Prudente»; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581 (as Philip I, Felipe I). From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sic...
Philip II of Spain - Wikipedia
Council of Troubles
The Council of Troubles (usual English translation of Dutch: Raad van Beroerten, or Spanish: Tribunal de los Tumultos, or French: Conseil des Troubles) was the special tribunal institut...
Council of Troubles - Wikipedia
Johann Eck
Dr. Johann Maier von Eck (13 November 1486 – 13 February 1543) was a German Scholastic theologian and defender of Catholicism during the Protestant Reformation.
Johann Eck was born Johann Ma...
Johann Eck - Wikipedia
Pope Paul IV
Pope Paul IV, C.R. (Latin: Paulus IV; 28 June 1476 – 18 August 1559), né Gian Pietro Carafa, was Pope from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as papal nuncio in Spain, he develo...
Pope Paul IV - Wikipedia