Matter
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Vacuum
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Quantum fluctuation
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Nuclear physics
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Astrophysics
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QCD matter
Quark matter
Free space
QCD vacuum
The QCD vacuum is the vacuum state of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). It is an example of a non-perturbative vacuum state, characterized by infinitely many non-vanishing condensates such as the gluon co...
Instanton fluid
Instanton fluid
In quantum chromodynamics, the instanton fluid model is a model of Wick rotated Euclidean quantum chromodynamics. If we examine the path integral of the action, we find that it has infinitely many loc...