Qing Dynasty
The Qing dynasty (Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: Qīng Cháo; Wade–Giles: Ch'ing Ch'ao; [tɕʰíŋ tʂʰɑ̌ʊ̯]), also Empire of the Great Qing, Great Qing or Manchu dynasty, was the last imperial dynas...
Qing Dynasty - Wikipedia
Vertical forest takes root in China
Two buildings in Nanjing will feature thousands of plants, which should absorb carbon dioxide and produce...
Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai Shek The death of Sun Yat Sen in March 1925 brought Chiang Kai Shek to prominence in China, and by 1928, after a series of bloody internal conflic...
Mao Zedong
Die dritte Video-Botschaft des revolutionären 1.Mai-Bündnis 18 Uhr am U-BHF Kottbusser Tor in Berlin. Klassenkampf statt Standortlogik! 9 Uhr Wittenbergplatz...
Nurhaci
Nurhaci (Manchu: ᠨᡠᡵᡤᠠᠴᡳ; Möllendorff: Nurgaci; simplified Chinese: 努尔哈赤; traditional Chinese: 努爾哈赤; pinyin: Nǔ'ěrhāchì; alternatively Nurhachi; 21 February 1559 – 30 Septemb...
Nurhaci - Wikipedia
Hong Taiji
Hong Taiji (28 November 1592 – 21 September 1643; reigned 1626 – 1643), also transliterated as Huang Taiji based on the Chinese language transcription of his name and referred to as Abahai in Western...
Hong Taiji - Wikipedia
Shunzhi Emperor
The Shunzhi Emperor (15 March 1638 – 5 February 1661), formerly romanized as the Shun-chih Emperor, was the third emperor of the Qing dynasty and the first Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1...
Shunzhi Emperor - Wikipedia
Kangxi Emperor
The Kangxi Emperor (K'ang-hsi Emperor; Chinese: 康熙帝; pinyin: Kāngxī Dì; Wade–Giles: K'ang-hsi Ti; temple name: Shengzu (Sheng-tsu; Chinese: 聖祖; which means "The Holy Lord"); Manchu: e...
Kangxi Emperor - Wikipedia
Yongzheng Emperor
The Yongzheng Emperor (Yung-cheng Emperor; Chinese: 雍正帝; pinyin: Yōngzhèng Dì; Wade–Giles: Yung-cheng Ti, Manchu: ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠯᡳᠶᠠᠰᡠᠨ ᡨᠣᠪ, Hūwaliyasun Tob hūwangdi, Mongolian: Nairalt Töv Khaa...
Yongzheng Emperor - Wikipedia
Qianlong Emperor
The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799), formerly romanized as the Chien-lung Emperor, was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule...
Qianlong Emperor - Wikipedia
Heshen
Niohuru Heshen (Niohuru Hesen; Manchu: ᠨᡳᠣᡥᡠᡵᡠ ; Chinese: 鈕祜祿·和珅; pinyin: Niǔhùlù Héshēn; Wade–Giles: Niu-hu-lu Ho-shen, 1746 – February 22, 1799), commonly known monon...
Heshen - Wikipedia
Jiaqing Emperor
The Jiaqing Emperor (Chia-ch'ing Emperor; Chinese: 嘉慶帝; pinyin: Jiāqìng Dì; Wade–Giles: Chia-ch'ing Ti; Mongolian: Sayishiyaltu Yirugertu Khaan, 13 November 1760 – 2 September 1820) ...
Jiaqing Emperor - Wikipedia
Qing Dynasty nobility
The Qing dynasty (1644–1912) of China developed a complicated peerage system for royal and noble ranks.
In principle, titles are downgraded one grade per generation/inheritance (降等世襲).Occasionally...
Qing official headwear
Qing Guanmao (清代官帽) was the headwear of officials during the Qing dynasty (1644–1912) in China. It consisted of a black velvet cap in winter, or a hat woven in rattan or similar materials in summer, b...
Qing official headwear - Wikipedia
Great Qing Legal Code
The Great Qing Legal Code (Great Ching Legal Code; Chinese: 《大清律例》; pinyin: Da Qing lü li; Manchu: ᡩᠠᡳᠴᡳᠩᡤᡠᡵᡠᠨᡳᡶᠠᡶᡠᠨᡳᠪᡳᡨᡥᡝᡴᠣᠣᠯᡳ Wylie: Daitsing gurun i fafun i pitghe kauli, Möllendorff Daic...
Great Qing Legal Code - Wikipedia
Qing poetry
Qing poetry refers to the poetry of or typical of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). Classical Chinese poetry continued to be the major poetic form of the Qing dynasty, during which the debates, trends and...
Qing poetry - Wikipedia
First Opium War
The First Opium War (1839–42), also known as the Opium War and as the Anglo-Chinese War, was fought between Britain and China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the ...
First Opium War - Wikipedia
Taiping Rebellion
The Taiping Rebellion was a massive civil war in southern China from 1850 to 1864, against the ruling Manchu Qing dynasty. It was a millenarian movement led by Hong Xiuquan, who announced that he ha...
Taiping Rebellion - Wikipedia
Second Opium War
The Second Opium War, the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the British Empire and the Second French Empire agai...
Second Opium War - Wikipedia
Self-Strengthening Movement
The Self-Strengthening Movement (Chinese: 洋務運動 or 自强運動), c 1861–1895, was a period of institutional reforms initiated during the late Qing dynasty following a series of military defeats and conces...
Self-Strengthening Movement - Wikipedia
First Sino-Japanese War
The First Sino-Japanese War (1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty China and Meiji Japan, primarily over control of Korea. After more than six months of unbroken successe...
First Sino-Japanese War - Wikipedia
Xinhai Revolution
The Xinhai Revolution, or the Hsin-hai Revolution, also known as the Revolution of 1911, or the Chinese Revolution, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (Qing dynasty), and es...
Xinhai Revolution - Wikipedia
Empire of China (1915-1916)
The Empire of China (simplified Chinese: 中华帝国; traditional Chinese: 中華帝國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Dìguó) was a short-lived attempt by statesman and general Yuan Shikai from late 1915 to early 191...
Concessions in China
Concessions in China were a group of concessions—ceded territories within China, governed and occupied by foreign powers, that are frequently associated with colonialism.Most had extraterritoriality a...