Quantum phases
Quantum phases are quantum states of matter at zero temperature. Even at zero temperature a quantum-mechanical system has quantum fluctuations and therefore can still support phase transitions. As a p...
Metallic, hydrogen-rich compound found to demonstrate superconductivity at near room temperature
Scientists believe there could be other hydrides or superhydrides with super conducting properties,Communications ,superconductivity,electrical resistance,Superconductors,quantum computing,Super condu...
This New Graphene Material Called Diamene Turns Harder Than Diamond When It's Hit By A Bullet
Scientists have created a new material called diamene, which promises to be as flexible as tin foil but hard enough to stop a bullet....
3D graphene has 5% of the weight and 10x the strength of steel
A team of MIT engineers has successfully designed a new 3-D material with five percent the density of steel and ten times the strength, making it one of the ...
Quantum Levitation
Suspending a superconducting disc above or below a set of permanent magnets. The magnetic field is locked inside the superconductor ; a phenomenon called 'Qu...
Dirty To Drinkable-Engineers Develop Novel Hybrid Nanomaterials To Transform Water
A team of engineers at Washington University in St. Louis has found a way to use graphene oxide sheets to transform dirty water into drinking water, and it could be a global game-changer.
Slicing Ice With Your Fingers (and a bit of graphene)!
The heat generated by your fingers is enough to slice through ice like butter...
How To Make Graphene
Since its discovery a decade ago, scientists and tech gurus have hailed graphene as the wonder material that could replace silicon in electronics, increase the efficiency of batteries, the durability ...
A Metal That Behaves Like Water
Graphene is going to change the world — or so we’ve been told. Since its discovery a decade ago, scientists and tech gurus have hailed graphene as the wonder material that could replace silicon in ele...
Heavy Fermions Get Nuclear Boost On Way To Superconductivity
Physicists from the United States, Germany and China have made a surprising discovery that the arrangement of atomic nuclei spins helps bring about superconductivity in ytterbium dirhodium disilicide,...
Superconductivity Record Sparks Wave Of Follow-Up Physics
Hydrogen sulfide — the compound responsible for the smell of rotten eggs — conducts electricity with zero resistance at a record high temperature of 203 kelvin (–70 °C), reports a paper published toda...
A Small, Modular, Efficient Fusion Plant To Bring Power Source Closer To Reality
It’s an old joke that many fusion scientists have grown tired of hearing: Practical nuclear fusion power plants are just 30 years away — and always will be. But now, finally, the joke may no longer be...
Graphene Gets Competition
Graphene, the only one atom thick carbon network, achieved overnight fame with the 2010 Nobel Prize. But now comes competition: Such layers can also be formed by black phosphorous. Chemists at the Tec...
Making New Materials With Micro-Explosions
Scientists have made exotic new materials by creating laser-induced micro-explosions in silicon, the common computer chip material. The new technique could lead to the simple creation and manufacture ...
Superconductivity Record Bolstered By Magnetic Data
The long-standing quest to find a material that can conduct electricity without resistance at room temperature may have taken a decisive step forward. Scientists in Germany have observed the common mo...
World's Thinnest Light Bulb—Graphene Gets Bright!
Led by Young Duck Kim, a postdoctoral research scientist in James Hone’s group at Columbia Engineering, a team of scientists from Columbia, Seoul National University (SNU), and Korea Research Institut...
Scientists Have Discovered A New State Of Matter, Called 'Jahn-Teller Metals'
An international team of scientists has announced the discovery of a new state of matter in a material that appears to be an insulator, superconductor, metal and magnet all rolled into one, saying tha...
Quantum phase transition
In physics, a quantum phase transition (QPT) is a phase transition between different quantum phases (phases of matter at zero temperature). Contrary to classical phase transitions, quantum phase trans...
Quantum critical point
A quantum critical point is a special class of continuous phase transition that takes place at absolute zero, typically in a material where the phase transition temperature has been driven to zero by ...
Spontaneous symmetry breaking
Spontaneous symmetry breaking is a mode of realization of symmetry breaking in a physical system, where the underlying laws are invariant under a symmetry transformation, but the system as a whole cha...
Spontaneous symmetry breaking - Wikipedia
Antiferromagnetism
In materials that exhibit antiferromagnetism, the magnetic moments of atoms or molecules, usuallyrelated to the spins of electrons, align in a regular pattern with neighboring spins (on different subl...
Antiferromagnetism - Wikipedia
Ferrimagnetism
In physics, a ferrimagnetic material is one that has populations of atoms with opposing magnetic moments, as in antiferromagnetism; however, in ferrimagnetic materials, the opposing moments are unequa...
Ferromagnetism
Ferromagnetism is the basic mechanism by which certain materials (such as iron) form permanent magnets, or are attracted to magnets. In physics, several different types of magnetism are distinguished....
Ferromagnetism - Wikipedia
Graphene
Graphene (/ˈɡræf.iːn/) is an allotrope of carbon in the form of a two-dimensional, atomic-scale, hexagonal lattice in which one atom forms each vertex. It is the basic structural element of other allo...
Graphene - Wikipedia
Paramagnetism
Paramagnetism is a form of magnetism whereby certain materials are attracted by an externally applied magnetic field, and form internal, induced magnetic fields in the direction of the applied magneti...
Paramagnetism - Wikipedia
Quantum Hall effect
The quantum Hall effect (or integer quantum Hall effect) is a quantum-mechanical version of the Hall effect, observed in two-dimensional electron systems subjected to low temperatures and strong magne...
Quantum Hall effect - Wikipedia
String-net liquid
In condensed matter physics, a string-net is an extended object whose collective behavior has been proposed as a physical mechanism for topological order by Michael A. Levin and Xiao-Gang Wen. A parti...
Superconductivity
Video of a Meissner effect in a high temperature superconductor (black pellet) with a NdFeB magnet (metallic)Superconductivity is a phenomenon of exactly zero electrical resistance and expulsion of ...
Superconductivity - Wikipedia
Composite fermions
A composite fermion is the bound state of an electron and an even number of quantized vortices, sometimes visually pictured as the bound state of an electron and, attached, an even number of magnetic ...
Cooper pair
In condensed matter physics, a Cooper pair or BCS pair is a pair of electrons (or other fermions) bound together at low temperatures in a certain manner first described in 1956 by American physicist L...
Quasiparticle
In physics, quasiparticles and collective excitations (which are closely related) are emergent phenomena that occur when a microscopically complicated system such as a solid behaves as if it contained...