Quasiparticle
In physics, quasiparticles and collective excitations (which are closely related) are emergent phenomena that occur when a microscopically complicated system such as a solid behaves as if it contained...
Quasiparticle - Wikipedia
X-ray Microscope Reveals 'Solitons,' A Special Type Of Magnetic Wave
Researchers used a powerful, custom-built X-ray microscope at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to directly observe the magnetic version of a soliton, a type of wave that...
Quantum Physics Meets Genetic Engineering
Nature has had billions of years to perfect photosynthesis, which directly or indirectly supports virtually all life on Earth. In that time, the process has achieved almost 100 percent efficiency in t...
'Plasmonic' Material Could Bring Ultrafast All-Optical Communications
Researchers have created a new "plasmonic oxide material" that could make possible devices for optical communications that are at least 10 times faster than conventional technologies. In optical commu...
Meet the Dropleton—a “Quantum Droplet” That Acts Like a Liquid
Physicists have created a new composite "quasiparticle" that could help probe the quantum mechanics of many particles working together  
Electron hole
In physics, chemistry, and electronic engineering, an electron hole is the lack of an electron at a position where one could exist in an atom or atomic lattice. It is different from the positron, whic...
Electron hole - Wikipedia
Magnetic monopole
A magnetic monopole is a hypothetical elementary particle in particle physics that is an isolated magnet with only one magnetic pole (a north pole without a south pole or vice versa). In more technica...
Plasmon
In physics, a plasmon is a quantum of plasma oscillation. The plasmon can be considered a quasiparticle since it arises from the quantization of plasma oscillations, just like phonons are quantization...
Plasmon - Wikipedia
Phonon
In physics, a phonon is a collective excitation in a periodic, elastic arrangement of atoms or molecules in condensed matter, such as solids and some liquids. Often referred to as a quasiparticle, it ...
Soliton
In mathematics and physics, a soliton is a self-reinforcing solitary wave (a wave packet or pulse) that maintains its shape while it propagates at a constant velocity. Solitons are caused by a cancell...
Soliton - Wikipedia
X-ray Microscope Reveals 'Solitons,' A Special Type Of Magnetic Wave
Researchers used a powerful, custom-built X-ray microscope at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to directly observe the magnetic version of a soliton, a type of wave that...
Quantum Physics Meets Genetic Engineering
Nature has had billions of years to perfect photosynthesis, which directly or indirectly supports virtually all life on Earth. In that time, the process has achieved almost 100 percent efficiency in t...
'Plasmonic' Material Could Bring Ultrafast All-Optical Communications
Researchers have created a new "plasmonic oxide material" that could make possible devices for optical communications that are at least 10 times faster than conventional technologies. In optical commu...
Loop group
In mathematics, a loop group is a group of loops in a topological group G with multiplication defined pointwise. Specifically, let LG denote the space of continuous maps equipped with the compact-open...
Strongly correlated quantum spin liquid
Strongly correlated quantum spin liquid (SCQSL) is a specific realization of a possible quantum spin liquid (QSL) representing a new type of strongly correlated electrical insulator (SCI) that posses...
Strongly correlated quantum spin liquid - Wikipedia
Spin–charge separation
In condensed matter physics, spin–charge separation is an unusual behavior of electrons in some materials in which they 'split' into three independent particles, the spinon, orbiton and the chargon (o...
Meet the Dropleton—a “Quantum Droplet” That Acts Like a Liquid
Physicists have created a new composite "quasiparticle" that could help probe the quantum mechanics of many particles working together  
Dropleton
A dropleton or quantum droplet is an artificial quasiparticle, constituting a collection of electrons and places without them inside a semiconductor. Dropleton is the first known quasiparticle that be...
Polariton superfluid
Polariton superfluid is predicted to be a state of the exciton-polariton system that combines the characteristics of lasers with those of excellent electrical conductors. Researchers look for this sta...
Exciton-polaritons
Exciton-polaritons are a type of polariton quasiparticle arising from strong coupling of excitons (bulk or quantum well) and photons (for example, quantized in an optical microcavity). They occur in s...
Holon (physics)
Holons (also known as chargons, from English hole or charge, plus the -on suffix for particles) are one of three quasiparticles, along with spinons and orbitons, that electrons in solids are able to s...
Crystal momentum
In solid-state physics crystal momentum or quasimomentum is a momentum-like vector associated with electrons in a crystal lattice. It is defined by the associated wave vectors of this lattice, accord...
Crystal momentum - Wikipedia
Surface plasmon
Surface plasmons (SPs) are coherent delocalized electron oscillations that exist at the interface between any two materials where the real part of the dielectric function changes sign across the inte...
Surface plasmon - Wikipedia
Phonon scattering
Phonons can scatter through several mechanisms as they travel through the material. These scattering mechanisms are: Umklapp phonon-phonon scattering, phonon-impurity scattering, phonon-electron scatt...
Dissipative soliton
Dissipative solitons (DSs) are stable solitary localizedstructures that arise in nonlinear spatially extendeddissipative systems due to mechanisms of self-organization.They can be considered as an ext...
Dissipative soliton - Wikipedia
List of nonlinear partial differential equations
In mathematics and physics, nonlinear partial differential equations are (as their name suggests) partial differential equations with nonlinear terms. They describe many different physical systems, ra...
List of nonlinear partial differential equations - Wikipedia
Vector soliton
In physical optics or wave optics, a vector soliton is a solitary wave with multiple components coupled together that maintains its shape during propagation. Ordinary solitons maintain their shape but...
Vector soliton - Wikipedia
Toda lattice
The Toda lattice, introduced by Morikazu Toda (1967), is a simple model for a one-dimensional crystalin solid state physics. It is given by a chain of particles with nearest neighbor interact...
Topological defect
In mathematics and physics, a topological soliton or a topological defect is a solution of a system of partial differential equations or of a quantum field theory homotopically distinct from the vacuu...
Orbital stability
In mathematical physics or theory of partial differential equations, the solitary wave solution of the form is said to be orbitally stable if any solution with the initial data sufficiently close to ...
Polaron
A polaron is a quasiparticle used in condensed matter physics to understand the interactions between electrons and atoms in a solid material. The polaron concept was first proposed by Lev Landau in 19...
Polaron - Wikipedia