Quran and violence
The Quran's teachings on violence and war have long been topics of heated debate. Verses in the text, such as, "Fight in the name of your religion with those who fight against you," seem to many to b...
Naskh (tafsir)
Naskh (نسخ) is an Arabic language word usually translated as "abrogation"; it shares the same root as the words appearing in the phrase al-nāsikh wal-mansūkh (الناسخ والمنسوخ, "the abrogating and abro...
At-Tawba 5
The so-called Sword Verse (ayat as-sayf) is the fifth verse of the ninth sura (Surat at-Tawbah) of the Qur'an.It is a widely-cited Qur'anic call to violence against "pagans" ("idolators", mushrikun),...
Offensive jihad
Offensive jihad (Arabic: جهاد الطلب‎, Jihād al-ṭalab), in contrast with Defensive jihad, is armed Jihad meant to expand the realm of Islam (Dar al Islam) at the expense of the House of War (...
Defensive jihad
Defensive jihad, in contrast with offensive jihad, is the defense of Muslim communities. Islamic tradition holds that when Muslims are attacked, then it becomes obligatory for all Muslims of that land...
Ghazw
Ghazi (غازي, ġāzī) is an Arabic term originally referring to an individual who participates in Ghazw (عزو, ġazw), meaning military expeditions or raiding; after the emergence of Islam, it took on new ...
Ghazw - Wikipedia
Opinion of Islamic scholars on Jihad
Jihad connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith to a political or military struggle. This article presents opinions of different scholars on...
Itmam al-hujjah
Itmām al-hujjah (Arabic اتمام الحجة "completion of proof", from itmāmu "completion, realization" and ḥuǧǧatu "pretext, proof") is an Islamic concept denoting that religious truth has been completely...
Islamic military jurisprudence
Islamic military jurisprudence refers to what has been accepted in Sharia (Islamic law) and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) by Ulama (Islamic scholars) as the correct Islamic manner which is expected to ...
Islamic ethics
Islamic ethics (أخلاق إسلامية), defined as "good character," historically took shape gradually from the 7th century and was finally established by the 11th century. It was eventually shaped as a succe...
Jihadism
Jihadism (jihadist movement, jihadi movement and variants) is used to refer to contemporary armed jihad in Islamic fundamentalism. The term "jihadism" was coined in the 2000s and mostly used to cover...
Jihadism - Wikipedia
Muslim Agricultural Revolution
The so-called Arab Agricultural Revolution (also referred to variously as Medieval Green Revolution, Muslim Agricultural Revolution, Islamic Agricultural Revolution or Islamic Green Revolution) is a ...
Sharia
To Arabic-speaking people, sharia (/ʃɑːˈriːɑː/; also shari'a, sharīʿah; Arabic: شريعة‎ šarīʿah, [ʃaˈriːʕa], "legislation") means the moral code and religious law of a prophetic religion. The...
Sharia - Wikipedia
Islam and animals
In Islam, the Qur'an strongly enjoins Muslims to treat animals with compassion and not to abuse them. All creatures are believed to praise God, even if this praise is not expressed in human language.T...
Islam and animals - Wikipedia
Ijma
Ijmāʿ (إجماع) is an Arabic term referring to the consensus or agreement of the Muslim community basically on religious issues. Various schools of thought within Islamic jurisprudence may define this ...
Prisoners of war in Islam
The rules and regulations concerning prisoners of war in Islam are covered in manuals of Islamic jurisprudence, based upon Islamic teachings, in both the Qur'an and hadith.The historical legal princi...
Islamic feminism
Islamic feminism is a form of feminism concerned with the role of women in Islam. It aims for the full equality of all Muslims, regardless of gender, in public and private life. Islamic feminists advo...
Islamic feminism - Wikipedia
Bimaristan
Bimaristan is a Persian word (بیمارستان bīmārestān) meaning "hospital", with Bimar- from Middle Persian (Pahlavi) of vīmār or vemār, meaning "sick" plus -stan as location and place suffix. In the medi...
Bimaristan - Wikipedia
Caucasian War
The Caucasian War of 1817–1864 was an invasion of the Caucasus by the Russian Empire which resulted in Russia's annexation of the areas of the North Caucasus, and the Ethnic cleansing of Circassians. ...
Caucasian War - Wikipedia
Islam and slavery
"Islam and slavery" or "Islamic slave trade" may refer to:
Islamic Jurisprudence: An International Perspective
Sri Lankabhimanya Christopher Gregory Weeramantry, AM (born 17 November 1926) is a Sri Lankan lawyer who was a Judge of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) from 1991 to 2000, serving as its Vice-...
Prophetic biography
The Sīrat Rasūl Allāh (Life of the Messenger of God; Arabic: سيرة رسول الله‎) or Al-sīra al-Nabawiyya (Prophetic biography; Arabic: السيرة النبوية‎) or just Al-sīra, is the Arabic ...
Muhammad as a diplomat
Muhammad (c. 22 April, 571–11 June, 632) is documented as having engaged as a diplomat during his propagation of Islam and leadership over the growing Muslim Ummah (community). He established a method...
Muhammad as a diplomat - Wikipedia
Muhammad as a general
The military career of Muhammad lasted for the final ten years of his life when he served as the leader of the ummah at Medina.
Muhammad spent his last ten years, from 622 to 632, as the leader of...
Muhammad as a general - Wikipedia
Bayt al-mal
Bayt al-mal is an Arabic term that is translated as "House of money" or "House of Wealth." Historically, it was a financial institution responsible for the administration of taxes in Islamic states, p...
Bayt al-mal - Wikipedia
Peace In Islamic Thought
The Arabic word salaam (سلام) ("secured, pacified, submitted") has the same root as the word Islam. One Islamic interpretation is that individual personal peace is attained by utterly submitting to A...
Caliphate
A caliphate (Arabic: خِلافة‎ khilāfa) is a form of Islamic government led by a caliph (Arabic: خَليفة‎ khalīfah  pronunciation )—a person considered a political and relig...
Caliphate - Wikipedia
Islamic psychology
Islamic psychology or ʿIlm al-Nafs (Arabic,علم النفس), the science of the Nafs ("self" or "psyche"), refers to the medical and philosophical study of the psyche from an Islamic perspective and address...
Early reforms under Islam
Many social changes took place under Islam between 610 and 661, including the period of Muhammad's mission and the rule of his four immediate successors who established the Rashidun Caliphate.Historia...
Early reforms under Islam - Wikipedia
Shura
Shura (Arabic: شورى shūrā) is an Arabic word for "consultation". The Quran and Muhammad encourage Muslims to decide their affairs in consultation with those who will be affected by that decision.Shura...