Rashidun
The Rashidun Caliphs (meaning "Rightly Guided", "Righteously Guided", "Righteous" Caliphs; Arabic: الخلفاء الراشدون‎ al-Khulafāʾu ar-Rāshidūn), often simply called, collectively, "the Rashi...
Rashidun - Wikipedia
Byzantine–Arab Wars
My tribute to the Byzantine Empire, if you like it, share it. Roman Nationalism - Message me for information. Also, thanks to Kryanwan8 for his extended vers...
Abu Bakr
Abdullah ibn Abi Qhuhafah (Arabic: عبد الله بن أبي قحافة, translit.: ʿAbd Allāh ibn Abī Quḥāfah), c. 573 CE – 23 August 634 CE, popularly known by his nickname Abu Bakr, was a senior companion (S...
Abu Bakr - Wikipedia
Uthman ibn Affan
Uthman ibn Affan (Arabic: عثمان بن عفان‎, strict transliteration: ʻUthmān ibn ʻAffān) (577 – 17 June 656) was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and the third of the Sunni Rashidun...
Uthman ibn Affan - Wikipedia
Ali caliphate
Ali was the caliph between 656 and 661 CE which was one of the hardest periods in Muslim history that coincided with the first Muslim civil war. He reigned over Rashidun empire which was extended from...
Ali caliphate - Wikipedia
First Fitna
The First Fitna or Great Fitna (Arabic: فتنة مقتل عثمان‎ Fitnat Maqtal Uthmān, "The Fitna of the Killing of Uthman") was a civil war within the early Islamic state which resulted in the over...
First Fitna - Wikipedia
Rashidun conquests
The Rashidun Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة الراشدة‎ al-Khilāfah ar-Rāshidah, c. 632–661) is the collective term comprising the first four caliphs—the "Rightly Guided" or Rashidun caliphs (Arabi...
Rashidun conquests - Wikipedia
Byzantine-Arab Wars
The Arab–Byzantine wars were a series of wars between the mostly Arab Muslims and the East Roman or Byzantine Empire between the 7th and 11th centuries AD. Started during the initial Muslim conquests ...
Byzantine-Arab Wars - Wikipedia
Quran
The Quran (/kɔrˈɑːn/ kor-AHN; Arabic: القرآن‎ al-qur'ān, [qurˈʔaːn], literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanised Qurʾan or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslim...
Quran - Wikipedia
Siege of Uthman
The Third Rightly Guided Caliph, Uthman, was assassinated at the end of a siege upon his house. Initially a protest, the siege escalated following an apparently wrongly attributed threat as well as th...
Siege of Uthman - Wikipedia
Manuel I Komnenos
Manuel I Komnenos (or Comnenus) (Greek: Μανουήλ Α' Κομνηνός, Manouēl I Komnēnos) (28 November 1118 – 24 September 1180) was a Byzantine Emperor of the 12th century who reigned over a crucial turni...
Manuel I Komnenos - Wikipedia
Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah
Abū ‘Ubaydah ‘Āmir ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn al-Jarāḥ (583–639) (Arabic: أبو عبيدة عامر بن عبدالله بن الجراح‎), more commonly known as Abū ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarāḥ, was one of companions of the Islamic...
Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah - Wikipedia
Michael III
Michael III (Greek: Μιχαήλ Γʹ, Mikhaēl III; January 19, 840 – September 23/24, 867) was Byzantine Emperor from 842 to 867. Michael III was the third and traditionally last member of the Amorian D...
Michael III - Wikipedia
Mubarizun
The Mubarizun formed a special unit of the Rashidun army. It was composed of the elite warriors, who were the champion swordsmen, lancers and archers. In pre-Islamic Arab, Byzantine and Sassanian warf...
Siege of Emesa
36°42′52″E / 34.723185°N 36.714462°E / 34.723185; 36.714462The Siege of Emesa was laid by the forces of Rashidun Caliphate from December 635 up until March 636. This led to th...
Majlis
Majlis (or Mejlis; Arabic: مجلس‎, pl. مجالس Majālis), is an Arabic term meaning "a place of sitting", used in the context of "council", to describe various types of special gatherings among ...
Nikephoros Phokas the Elder
Nikephoros Phokas (Greek: Νικηφόρος Φωκᾶς, Nikēphoros Phōkas; died 895/6 or ca. 900), usually surnamed the Elder to distinguish him from his grandson, Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas, was one of the ...
Nikephoros Phokas the Elder - Wikipedia
Siege of Syracuse (827-828)
The Siege of Syracuse in 827–828 marks the first attempt by the Aghlabids to conquer the city of Syracuse in Sicily, then a Byzantine province. The Aghlabid army had only months before landed on Sicil...
Gregory the Patrician
Gregory the Patrician (Greek: Γρηγόριος, Latin: Flavius Gregorius, died 647) was a Byzantine Exarch of Africa (modern Tunisia and eastern Algeria). A relative of the ruling Heraclian dynasty, ...
Muslim conquest of Syria
The Muslim conquest of Syria (Arabic: الفتح الإسلامي لبلاد الشام) occurred in the first half of the 7th century, and refers to the conquest of region known as the Levant, later to become the Islamic P...
Muslim conquest of Syria - Wikipedia
Sunni view of Ali
Sunni Muslims hold Ali in high respect as one of the Ahl al-Bayt, a foremost authority on the Qur'an and Islamic law, and as one of the four Rightly Guided Caliphs.
Sunnis maintain that Ali was am...
Siege of Tyana (707-708)
A Siege of Tyana was carried out by the Umayyad Caliphate in 707–708/708–709 in retaliation for a heavy defeat of an Umayyad army under Maimun the Mardaite by the Byzantine Empire in ca. 706. The Arab...
Siege of Tyana (707-708) - Wikipedia
John I Tzimiskes
John I Tzimiskes (Greek: Ιωάννης Α΄ Τζιμισκής, Iōannēs I Tzimiskēs; circa 925 – January 10, 976) was the senior Byzantine Emperor from December 11, 969 to January 10, 976. An intuitive a...
John I Tzimiskes - Wikipedia
Hadith of the pond of Khumm
The Hadith of the pond of Khumm (Arabic: غدير خم‎) is an account of a speech given by Muhammad on 18th of Dhu al-Hijjah of 10 AH in the Islamic calendar (March 16, 632 AD) at Ghadir Khumm, w...
Hadith of the pond of Khumm - Wikipedia
Siege of Ta'if
The Siege of Taif took place in 630, as the Muslims besieged the city of Taif after their victory in the Battle of Hunayn and Autas. However, the city did not succumb to the siege. One of their chieft...
Theophilos (emperor)
Theophilos (Greek: Θεόφιλος; 813 – 20 January 842) was the Byzantine Emperor from 829 until his death in 842. He was the second emperor of the Amorian dynasty and the last emperor to support icono...
Theophilos (emperor) - Wikipedia