Red Orchestra (espionage)
The Red Orchestra (German: Die Rote Kapelle) was the name given by the Gestapo to an anti-Nazi resistance movement in Berlin, as well as to Soviet espionage rings operating in German-occupied Euro...
Red Orchestra (espionage) - Wikipedia
Libertas Schulze-Boysen
Libertas Schulze-Boysen, born Libertas Viktoria Haas-Heye (November 20, 1913 in Paris – December 22, 1942 in Berlin-Plötzensee) was a German opponent of the Nazis who belonged to the Red Orchestra (Ro...
Fritz Cremer
Fritz Cremer (1906, Arnsberg, Westphalia - 1993) was a German sculptor of catholic extraction who turned to communism in the 1920s. Originally a stone-cutter, he studied at Berlin and got a government...
Fritz Cremer - Wikipedia
Alexander Foote
Allan Alexander Foote (b. 13. April 1905, d. 1. August 1957) was a radio operator for a Soviet espionage ring in Switzerland during World War II. Foote was originally from Yorkshire in England, and ha...
Fritz Lange
Fritz Lange (23 November 1898, Berlin — 16 September 1981) was a Minister for national education in the German Democratic Republic (GDR).
Lange attended the Siemens Oberrealschule in the Berlin su...
Hermann Scherchen
Hermann Scherchen (21 June 1891 – 12 June 1966) was a German conductor.
Scherchen was born in Berlin. Originally a violist, he played among the violas of the Bluthner Orchestra of Berlin ...
Hermann Scherchen - Wikipedia
John Sieg
John Sieg (February 3, 1903 – October 15, 1942) was a railroad worker and journalist who publicized Nazi atrocities through the underground Communist press and fought against National Socialism in the...
John Sieg - Wikipedia
Rudolf von Scheliha
Rudolf von Scheliha (May 31, 1897 - December 22, 1942) was a German diplomat executed by the Nazis during World War II.Scheliha was born in Zessel, Oels, Silesia (now Cieśle, Gmina Oleśnica, Poland), ...
Hermann Böse
Hermann Böse (May 4, 1870 – July 17, 1943) was a music teacher at the Hermann-Böse-Gymnasium, which was named after him. He was also conductor of the ultra left "Workers - Singing Union in Bre...
Hermann Böse - Wikipedia
Helmut Roloff
Helmut Roloff (9 October 1912 – 2001) was a German pianist and teacher. Roloff was born in Giessen where his father was a university history professor who was a staunch anti-Nazi. Roloff entered the ...
Helmut Roloff - Wikipedia
Cato Bontjes van Beek
Cato Bontjes van Beek (14 November 1920 – 5 August 1943) was a German member of the Resistance against the Nazi regime.
Born in Bremen, Cato was the eldest of three children. She spent her c...
Cato Bontjes van Beek - Wikipedia
Leopold Trepper
Leopold Trepper (February 23, 1904 – January 19, 1982) was an organizer of the Soviet spy ring Rote Kapelle (Red Orchestra) prior to and during World War II. Leopold Trepper was born to a Jewish famil...
Adam Kuckhoff
Adam Kuckhoff (30 August 1887 in Aachen – 5 August 1943) was a German writer, journalist, and German resistance fighter against the Third Reich.Adam Kuckhoff published a popular edition of the works o...
Alexander Radó
Alexander (Alex) Radó, born as Sándor Radó and also known as Alexander Radolfi (5 November 1899, Újpest, near Budapest – 20 August 1981, Budapest), was a Hungarian cartographer and a Soviet military i...
Harro Schulze-Boysen
Heinz Harro Max Wilhelm Georg Schulze-Boysen (2 September 1909 – 22 December 1942) was a German officer, commentator, and German Resistance fighter against German dictator Adolf Hitler's Nazi ré...
Harro Schulze-Boysen - Wikipedia
Beppo Römer
Josef “Beppo” Römer (November 17, 1892 – September 25, 1944) was a member of the Freikorps Oberland, one of the paramilitary organizations that sprang up around Germany as soldiers returned in ...
Martha Dodd
Martha Eccles Dodd (October 8, 1908 – August 10, 1990) and her husband spied for the Soviet Union against her native United States from before World War II until the height of the Cold War. She had l...
Red Orchestra (espionage)
The Red Orchestra (German: Die Rote Kapelle) was the name given by the Gestapo to an anti-Nazi resistance movement in Berlin, as well as to Soviet espionage rings operating in German-occupied Euro...
Red Orchestra (espionage) - Wikipedia
Willi Lehmann
Willi (Willy) Lehmann (15 March 1884, in Leipzig – 13 December 1942, in Berlin) was a police official and Soviet agent in Nazi Germany.Lehmann was a criminal inspector and SS-Hauptsturmführer (...
Willi Lehmann - Wikipedia
Elisabeth Schumacher
Elisabeth Schumacher, née Hohenemser, (April 28, 1904 — December 22, 1942) was an artist and resistance fighter in the Third Reich. She belonged to the Red Orchestra (Rote Kapelle) resistance group.
Elisabeth Schumacher - Wikipedia
Robert Havemann
Robert Havemann (11 March 1910 – 9 April 1982) was a chemist, and an East German dissident.
He studied chemistry in Berlin and Munich from 1929 to 1933, and then later received a doctorate in phys...
Robert Havemann - Wikipedia
Pierre Villon
Pierre Villon (August 27, 1901 in Soultz-Haut-Rhin, Haut-Rhin – November 6, 1980 in Vallauris, Alpes-Maritimes) was a member of the French Communist Party and of the French Resistance during the...
Liane Berkowitz
Liane Berkowitz (7 August 1923 in Berlin - 5 August 1943) was a German resistance fighter (Red Orchestra).
Liane Berkowitz was the daughter of conductor Victor Vasilyev and his singing teacher wif...
Liane Berkowitz - Wikipedia
Rudolf Roessler
In World War II espionage, Rudolf Roessler (Rößler) (b.22 November 1897-d.11 December 1958) was the central (and mysterious) figure in the Lucy spy ring. He was a German refugee who had moved to Switz...
Jacques Duclos
Jacques Duclos (2 October 1896 in Louey, Hautes-Pyrénées - 25 April 1975 in Montreuil) was a French Communist politician who played a key role in French politics from 1926, when he entered the French ...
Jacques Duclos - Wikipedia
Willi Stoph
Willi Stoph ([ˈvɪli ˈʃtoːf]; 9 July 1914 – 13 April 1999) was an East German politician. He served as Prime Minister (Chairman of the Council of Ministers) of the German Democratic Republic (Eas...
Willi Stoph - Wikipedia
Heinrich Koenen
Heinrich Koenen (12 May 1910 – February 1945) was a German engineer, anti-fascist resistance fighter and agent of the Soviet military intelligence service GRU.Heinrich Koenen was born in the Konigsber...
Wilhelm Guddorf
Wilhelm Guddorf (alias Paul Braun; 20 February 1902–13 May 1943) was a journalist and resistance fighter against the Third Reich. He was reputedly a member of the Red Orchestra (Rote Kapelle) re...
Maria Terwiel
Maria Terwiel (7 June 1910 in Boppard – 5 August 1943 in Berlin-Plötzensee, executed) was a German resistance fighter in the Third Reich. She belonged to the Red Orchestra resistance group.
Her fa...
Maria Terwiel - Wikipedia
Jules Humbert-Droz
Jules Humbert-Droz (1891 – 1971) was a Swiss Communist and a founding member of the Communist Party of Switzerland. He held high Comintern office through the 1920s and also acted as Comintern emissary...