Refusenik
Refusenik (Russian: отказник, otkaznik, from "отказ", otkaz "refusal") was an unofficial term for individuals, typically but not exclusively Soviet Jews, who were denied permission to emigrate ab...
Refusenik - Wikipedia
Persecution of Jews
Persecution of Jews has occurred on many occasions and at widely different geographical locations. Persecution has been a major part of Jewish history, and it has affected the history and social devel...
Ida Nudel
Ida Nudel (Hebrew: אידה נודל‎; Russian: Ида Нудель) (born April 27, 1931) is a former refusenik and an Israeli activist. She was known as the "Guardian Angel" for her efforts to help the "Pr...
Yakov Lvovich Alpert
Yakov Lvovich Alpert (Russian: Яков Львович Альперт) (March 1, 1911 – October 5, 2010) was a Soviet-born American physicist whose principal field of research was space plasma physics.
He was born ...
Yakov Lvovich Alpert - Wikipedia
Anna Akhsharumova
Anna Akhsharumova (Russian: Анна Марковна Ахшарумова; born 9 January 1957, Moscow) is a Woman Grandmaster of chess. She is the wife of chess grandmaster Boris Gulko. Akhsharumova and her husband b...
Yosef Mendelevitch
Yosef Mendelevitch (or Mendelovitch) (b. 1947 in Riga), was a Jewish refusenik from the former Soviet Union, also known as a "Prisoner of Zion" and now a politically unaffiliated rabbi living in Jerus...
Yosef Mendelevitch - Wikipedia
Boris Gulko
Boris Franzevich Gulko (Russian: Борис Францевич Гулько; [bɐˈrʲis ɡʊlʲˈko]; born February 9, 1947) is a Russian-American International Grandmaster in chess.As of May 2010, his Elo rating was 2535,...
Boris Gulko - Wikipedia
Pinchas Polonsky
Pinchas Polonsky (Russian: Полонский Петр (Пинхас) Ефимович, born 1958) is a Russian-Israeli religious philosopher and researcher, popularizer of Judaism, and an original thinker in the middle of ...
Pinchas Polonsky - Wikipedia
Maria Weizman
Maria Weizmann (Russian: Мари́я Ве́йцман; 1893, Pinsk, Russian Empire (now in Belarus) - ?) was a sister of Israeli politician and scientist Chaim Weizmann (the first President of the State o...
Victor Brailovsky
Dr Victor Brailovsky (Hebrew: ויקטור בריילובסקי‎, born 27 December 1935) is a computer scientist, aliyah activist and a former Israeli politician. He served as Minister of Science and Technology...
Alexander Lerner
Alexander Yakovlevich Lerner (7 September 1913, Vinnytsia – 6 April 2004, Rehovot) (Russian: Александр Яковлевич Лернер), scientist and Soviet refusenik.
Alexander Lerner was born to a Jewish ...
History of the Jews in Russia and the Soviet Union
The history of the Jews in the Soviet Union is primarily the history of Jews in its component states.The history of the Jews in Armenia dates back more than 2,000 years. After Eastern Armenia came und...
Inna Meiman-Kitrossky
Inna Meiman-Kitrossky Russian: И́нна Ильи́нична Китро́сская-Ме́йман (1932, Moscow, — 1987, Georgetown (Washington, D.C.)) was a refusenik, a member of a group of refuseniks-cancer patients, and a...
Inna Meiman-Kitrossky - Wikipedia
Natan Sharansky
Natan Sharansky (Hebrew: נתן שרנסקי‎; Russian: Натан Щаранский, Natan Shcharansky; born 20 January 1948) is a Soviet-born Israeli politician, human rights activist and author who spent nine ...
Natan Sharansky - Wikipedia
History of antisemitism
The history of antisemitism – defined as hostile actions or discrimination against Jews as a religious or ethnic group – goes back many centuries; antisemitism has been called "the longest...
History of antisemitism - Wikipedia
Eugene Levich

Dr. Levich was born in 1948 in Moscow. He obtained M.Sc. in Physics in 1968, from Moscow State University and Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from the Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics in 1970...
Yuli-Yoel Edelstein
Yuli-Yoel Edelstein (Hebrew: יולי-יואל אדלשטיין‎, Russian: Ю́лий Ю́рьевич Эдельште́йн, Ukrainian: Ю́лий Ю́рійович Едельште́йн, born 5 August 1958) is an Israeli politician who currently ...
Yuli-Yoel Edelstein - Wikipedia
Islam and Judaism
Islamic–Jewish relations started in the 7th century CE with the origin and spread of Islam in the Arabian peninsula. The two religions share similar values, guidelines, and principles. Islam also inc...
Islam and Judaism - Wikipedia
Benjamin Fain
Benjamin Fain (Russian: Вениамин Моисеевич Файн, Hebrew: בנימין פיין‎) (February 17, 1930 – April 15, 2013) was an Israeli physicist, professor-emeritus, and former refusenik.
Fain was b...
Benjamin Fain - Wikipedia
Eliyahu Essas
Rabbi Eliyahu Essas (Russian: Илья Эссас; born 1946) is a former leader of Soviet Jewry and one of the founders of Baal Teshuva movement in the Soviet Union. He lives in Jerusalem, Israel.
In 1973...
Christianity and antisemitism
Christianity and antisemitism deals with the hostility of Christian Churches, Christian groups, and by Christians in general to Judaism and the Jewish people. Christian rhetoric and antipathy towards ...
Christianity and antisemitism - Wikipedia
Iosif Begun
Iosif Ziselovich Begun, sometimes spelled Yosef (born July 9, 1932 in Moscow, Russia) (Russian: Иосиф Зиселевич Бегун, Hebrew: יוסף ביגון‎), last is name pronounced "bee-goon" and in Russian...
Herman Branover
Herman Branover (Hebrew: ירמיהו ברנובר‎; born 1931) is a Russian Israeli physicist and Jewish educator. He is best known in the Jewish world as an author, translator, publisher, and educator. Br...
Freedom Sunday for Soviet Jews
Freedom Sunday for Soviet Jews was the title of a national march and political rally that was held on December 6, 1987 in Washington, D.C. An estimated 250,000 participants gathered on the National Ma...
Freedom Sunday for Soviet Jews - Wikipedia
Ephraim Kholmyansky
Ephraim (Alexander) Kholmyansky (born 1950, in Moscow) is an Israeli refusenik, activist in the Jewish revival movement in Russia, and teacher of Hebrew.
Kholmyansky became interested in Jewish re...
Ephraim Kholmyansky - Wikipedia
Alpert
Alpert is a variation of the Jewish surname Heilprin, and may refer to:Alpert as a fictional character may refer to: Alpert may also refer to:
Alpert - Wikipedia
Naum Meiman
Naum S. Meiman (Russian: Нау́м Ната́нович Ме́йман) (1911–2001) was a Soviet mathematician, and dissident. He is known for his work in complex analysis, partial differential equations, and mathema...
Naum Meiman - Wikipedia
Islam and antisemitism
Islam and antisemitism relates to Islamic theological teaching against Jews and Judaism and the treatment of Jews in Muslim countries.With the origin of Islam in the 7th century and its rapid spread i...
Islam and antisemitism - Wikipedia
Antisemitism in the Russian Empire
Antisemitism in the Russian Empire appeared in hatred toward Jewish religion or ethnic Jews.
Yuri Tabak describes the history of antisemitism in Russia as having the same forms "already traditiona...
Antisemitism in the Soviet Union
The 1917 Russian Revolution overthrew a centuries-old regime of official antisemitism in the Russian Empire. The success of the Soviet Union in dealing with this previous legacy of antisemitism, as we...
The Holocaust
The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁλόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), also known as the Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah, "the catastrophe"), was a genocide in which approximately ...
The Holocaust - Wikipedia