Religion in Nazi Germany
In 1933, prior to the annexation of Austria into Germany, the Christian population of Germany was 67% Protestant and 33% Catholic. A census in May 1939, six years into the Nazi era and incorporating t...
Religion in Nazi Germany - Wikipedia
Martin Luther and antisemitism
Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German Reformation leader, had a significant influence on German antisemitism by his virulent anti-Jewish statements and writings.
Luther's attitude toward the J...
Martin Luther and antisemitism - Wikipedia
German Christians
The Deutsche Christen (English: German Christians) were a pressure group and movement within German Protestantism aligned towards the antisemitic and Führerprinzip ideological principles of Nazism...
German Christians - Wikipedia
Catholic bishops in Nazi Germany
Catholic bishops in Nazi Germany differed in their responses to the rise of Nazi Germany, World War II, and the Holocaust during the years 1933–1945. In the 1930s, the Episcopate of the Catholic Churc...
Catholic bishops in Nazi Germany - Wikipedia
Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany
Jehovah's Witnesses suffered religious persecution in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945 after refusing to perform military service, join Nazi organizations or give allegiance to the Hitler regime. An...
Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany - Wikipedia
Religious aspects of Nazism
Historians, political scientists and philosophers have studied Nazism with a specific focus on its religious and pseudo-religious aspects. It has been debated whether Nazism would constitute a politic...
Religious aspects of Nazism - Wikipedia
Gerhard Hirschfelder
The Blessed Gerhard Hirschfelder (17 February 1907 - 1 August 1942), was born in Gladz, Germany and died in Dachau Concentration camp. Gerhard Hirschfeld was German Catholic priest and martyr, beatif...
Gerhard Hirschfelder - Wikipedia
Stuttgart Declaration of Guilt
The Stuttgarter Schuldbekenntnis, known in English as the Stuttgart Declaration of Guilt, was a declaration issued on October 19, 1945 by the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany (Evangelische...
Johannes Prassek
The Blessed Johannes Prassek (13 August 1911 – 10 November 1943) was a German Catholic priest, and one of the Lübeck martyrs, guillotined for opposing the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler in 1943. Pr...
Georg Häfner
Joseph Georg Simon Häfner (19 October 1900, Würzburg - 20 August 1942, Dachau Concentration Camp) was a German Roman Catholic priest and martyr from the Diocese of Würzburg. On 15 May 2011 he was beat...
Georg Häfner - Wikipedia
Kirchenkampf
Kirchenkampf (English: "church struggle") is a German term pertaining to the situation of the Christian churches in Germany during the Nazi period (1933–1945). Sometimes used ambiguously, the term may...
Kirchenkampf - Wikipedia
Joseph Lortz
Joseph (Adam) Lortz ( December 13, 1887 in Grevenmacher, Luxembourg – February 21, 1975 in Luxembourg) was a Roman Catholic Church Historian. He was a highly regarded Reformation historian and e...
Franz Justus Rarkowski
Franz Justus Rarkowski, S.M. (June 8, 1873 – February 9, 1950) was the Catholic military bishop of Nazi Germany. The existence of such a role was provided for by the Reichskonkordat (1933), and ...
Political catholicism
Political Catholicism is a political and cultural conception which promotes the ideas and social teaching of the Catholic Church (Catholic social teaching) in public life through government action.
Covenant of Religious Socialists of Germany
The Covenant of Religious Socialists of Germany (Bund der Religiösen Sozialistinnen und Sozialisten Deutschlands, BRSD) is an organization of German Protestants who are working for a socialist society...
Józef Achilles Puchała
Józef Achilles Puchała (born 18 March 1911 in Kosina - died 19 July 1943 in Borowikowszczyzna) – Polish Franciscan monk from the Iwieniec (Ivyanets) monastery, tortured and killed by the Nazis during...
Józef Achilles Puchała - Wikipedia
Maria Restituta
Sister Maria Restituta (1 May 1894, Husovice, Austria-Hungary (now part of Brno, Czech Republic) – 30 March 1943, Vienna, Austria) was a nun, nurse, who was martyred at the hands of the then national-...
Maria Restituta - Wikipedia
Hermann Lange
The Blessed Hermann Lange (16. April 1912 – 10 November 1943) was a Roman Catholic priest and martyr of the Nazi period in Germany. He was guillotined in a Hamburg prison by the Nazi authorities ...
Catholic Church and Nazi Germany during World War II
Several Catholic countries and populations fell under Nazi domination during the period of the Second World War (1939-1945), and ordinary Catholics fought on both sides of the conflict. Despite effort...
Catholic Church and Nazi Germany during World War II - Wikipedia
Protestant Reich Church
The Protestant Reich Church, officially The German Evangelical Church (German: Deutsche Evangelische Kirche) and colloquially Reichskirche, was a unified state church that espoused a single doctri...
Protestant Reich Church - Wikipedia
Catholic Church and Nazi Germany
Pius XI (1922–39) and Pius XII (1939–58) led the Roman Catholic Church through the rise and fall of Nazi Germany. In the 1930s, Catholics constituted a third of the population of Germany and "Politica...
Catholic Church and Nazi Germany - Wikipedia
Karl Eschweiler
Karl Eschweiler (1886–1936) was an academic Roman Catholic theologian in Germany, who, as a so-called brown priest, publicly promoted cooperation and reconciliation between the church and Hitler’s Nat...
Adolf Hitler's religious views
Adolf Hitler was raised by an increasingly anti-clerical father and devout Catholic mother. Baptized as an infant and confirmed at the age of fifteen, he ceased attending Mass and participating in the...
Adolf Hitler's religious views - Wikipedia
Catholic resistance to Nazi Germany
Catholic resistance to Nazism was a component of German resistance to Nazism and resistance in other regions under Nazi domination. Following the Nazi takeover, the Church hierarchy attempted to coope...
Catholic resistance to Nazi Germany - Wikipedia
Thule Society
The Thule Society (/ˈθjuːliː/; German: Thule-Gesellschaft), originally the Studiengruppe für germanisches Altertum ("Study Group for Germanic Antiquity"), was a German occultist and völkisch group...
Barmen Declaration
The Barmen Declaration or The Theological Declaration of Barmen 1934 (Die Barmer Theologische Erklärung) was a document adopted by Christians in Nazi Germany who opposed the Deutsche Christen (German ...
Barmen Declaration - Wikipedia