Firekeeper
Firekeeper or flametender describes a specific ceremonial role, common in the religious practices of a variety of cultures. A firekeeper or flametender tends the sacred fire in the manner specific to ...
Medicine man
A medicine man or medicine woman is a traditional healer and spiritual leader among American Indians (the Native Americans in the United States and the First Nations in Canada). The terms are also use...
Medicine man - Wikipedia
Roadman
Road Man, or Road Chief, is a title given to the leader of the peyote ceremony in the Native American Church.
Ani-kutani
The Ani-kutani were the ancient priesthood of the Cherokee people. According to Cherokee legend, the Ani-Kutani were slain during a mass uprising by the Cherokee people approximately 300 years prior ...
Contrary (social role)
A Contrary was a member of a Native North American tribal group who adopted behavior that was deliberately the opposite of other tribal members. The Contraries were found among the historical Amerindi...
Drumkeeper
Drumkeepers are a common name for those in some native ceremonies who have been passed a traditional sacred drum, or instructed in how to make one and use one. These can include water drums, hand dru...
Ritual clown
Ritual clowns, also called sacred clowns, are a characteristic feature of the ritual life of many traditional religions, and they typically employ scatology and sexual obscenities. Ritual clowning is ...
Yuwipi
A Yuwipi is a Lakota/Sioux healing ceremony. In the ceremony, the healer is tied up with a special blanket and ropes while praying for the healing of a specific person or persons. Other participants a...
Keewaydinoquay Peschel
Keewaydinoquay Pakawakuk Peschel was a scholar, ethnobotanist, herbalist, medicine woman, teacher and author. She was an Anishinaabeg Elder of the Crane Clan. She was born in Michigan around 1919 and...
Sanapia
Sanapia, born Mary Poafpybitty (ca. 20 May 1895–23 January 1984) was a Comanche medicine woman and spiritual healer. She is believed to be the last of eagle doctors, a Comanche title referring to a pe...
Sanapia - Wikipedia
Heyoka
Among the Lakota people, the heyoka (heyókȟa, also spelled "haokah," "heyokha") was a contrarian, jester, satirist or sacred clown. The heyoka spoke, moved and reacted in an opposite fashion to the pe...
Heyoka - Wikipedia
Clown society
Clown society is a term used in anthropology and sociology for an organization of comedic entertainers (Heyoka or "clowns") who have a formalized role in a culture or society.
Sometimes clown soci...
Pueblo Clowns
Pueblo Clowns (sometimes called Sacred Clowns) is a generic term for jester or trickster in the Kachina religion practiced by the Pueblo Indians of the southwestern USA. There are a number of figures ...
Pueblo Clowns - Wikipedia
Gladys Tantaquidgeon
Dr. Gladys Iola Tantaquidgeon (June 15, 1899 – November 1, 2005 ; Mohegan) was a Tribal Medicine Woman, anthropologist, author, tribal council member, and elder. She worked with the Bureau of Ind...
Gladys Tantaquidgeon - Wikipedia