Return to Zion
The return to Zion (Hebrew: שִׁיבָת צִיּוֹן, Shivat Tzion, or שבי ציון, Shavei Tzion, lit. Zion returnees) is a term that refers to the event written in the biblical books of Ezra-Nehemiah in which th...
Return to Zion - Wikipedia
History of Zionism
Zionism as an organized movement is generally considered to have been founded by Theodor Herzl in 1897. However, the history of Zionism began earlier and is related to Judaism and Jewish history. The ...
History of Zionism - Wikipedia
Ezra–Nehemiah
Ezra–Nehemiah is the original combined version of the biblical books of Ezra and Nehemiah—the two were originally one, but were divided by Christians in the 3rd century CE and in Jewish circles in the...
Ezra–Nehemiah - Wikipedia
Second Temple
The Second Temple was an important Jewish Holy Temple (Hebrew: בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי‎, Bet HaMikdash HaSheni; Arabic: بيت القدس‎: Beit al-Quds) which stood on the Temple Mount i...
Second Temple - Wikipedia
Bilu
Bilu (Hebrew: ביל"ו‎) (also Palestine Pioneers) was a movement whose goal was the agricultural settlement of the Land of Israel. Its members were known as Bilu'im.
"Bilu" is an acronym based...
Babylonian captivity
The Babylonian captivity (or Babylonian exile) is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia. After the Battle of Carchemish ...
Babylonian captivity - Wikipedia
Joshua the High Priest
Joshua (Hebrew יְהוֹשֻׁוּעַ) or Jeshua (Hebrew יֵשׁוּעַ) the High Priest was, according to the Bible, the first person chosen to be the High Priest for the reconstruction of the Jewish Temple after th...
Joshua the High Priest - Wikipedia
Nethinim
Nethinim (or Netinim, or Nathinites or Nathineans) (Hebrew: הַנְּתִינִים‎, "the given ones") was the name given to the Temple assistants in ancient Jerusalem. The term was applied originally...
Herod the Great
Herod (/ˈhɛrəd/; Hebrew: הוֹרְדוֹס‎, Hordos, Greek: Ἡρῴδης, Hērōdēs; 74/73 BCE – 4 BCE), also known as Herod the Great and Herod I, was a Roman client king of Judea, referred to as the He...
Herod the Great - Wikipedia
Book of Nehemiah
The Book of Nehemiah is a book of the Hebrew Bible. Told largely in the form of a first-person memoir, it concerns the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem by Nehemiah, a Jew who is a high official at...
Zerubbabel
Zerubbabel (Hebrew: זְרֻבָּבֶל,  Zrubbavel,  Zərubbāḇél; Greek: Ζοροβαβέλ, Zorovavel; Latin: Zorobabel) was a governor of the Persian Province of Judah (Haggai 1:1) and the grandson ...
Zerubbabel - Wikipedia
Ezra
Ezra (/ˈɛzrə/; Hebrew: עזרא, Ezra; fl. 480–440 BC), also called Ezra the Scribe (Hebrew: עזרא הסופר, Ezra ha-Sofer) and Ezra the Priest in the Book of Ezra, was a Jewish scribe and a priest. According...
Ezra - Wikipedia
Second Temple Judaism
Second Temple Judaism refers to the religion of Judaism during the Second Temple period, between the construction of the second Jewish temple in Jerusalem in 515 BCE, and its destruction by the Romans...
Nehemiah
Nehemiah (/ˌniːəˈmaɪə/ or /ˌniːhəˈmaɪə/; נְחֶמְיָה, "Comforted of/is the LORD (YHWH)", Standard Hebrew Nəḥemya, Tiberian Hebrew Nəḥemyāh) is the central figure of the Book of Nehemiah, which describes...
Nehemiah - Wikipedia
Tobiah (Ammonite)
Tobiah was an Ammonite official (possibly a governor of Ammon, possibly also of Jewish descent) who incited the Ammonites to hinder Nehemiah's efforts to rebuild Jerusalem. He, along with Sanballat t...
Tattenai
Tattenai (or Tatnai or Sisinnes) was a Biblical character and a Persian governor of the province west of the Euphrates River during the time of Zerubbabel and the reign of Darius I.He is best known fo...
Cyrus in the Judeo-Christian tradition
Cyrus the Great (6th century BC) figures in the Hebrew Bible as the patron and deliverer of the Jews. He is mentioned 23 times by name and alluded to several times more. From these statements it appea...
Cyrus in the Judeo-Christian tradition - Wikipedia
Aliyah Bet
Aliyah Bet (Hebrew: 'עלייה ב‎, "Aliyah 'B'" – bet being the second letter of the Hebrew alphabet) was the code name given to illegal immigration by Jews to the British Mandate for Palestin...
Aliyah Bet - Wikipedia
Sanballat the Horonite
Sanballat the Horonite or Sanballat I was a Samaritan leader and official of the Achaemenid Empire of Greater Iran who lived in the mid to late fifth century BC and was a contemporary of Nehemiah.
Cyrus Cylinder
The Cyrus Cylinder (Persian: منشور کوروش‎) is an ancient clay cylinder, now broken into several fragments, on which is written a declaration in Akkadian cuneiform script in the name of the Persi...
Cyrus Cylinder - Wikipedia
History of Israel
The history of Israel encompasses the history of the modern State of Israel, as well as that of the Jews in the Land of Israel. The area of modern Israel is small, about the size of Wales or half the ...
History of Israel - Wikipedia
Book of Ezra
The Book of Ezra is a book of the Hebrew Bible. Originally combined with the Book of Nehemiah in a single book of Ezra–Nehemiah, the two became separated in the early centuries of the Christian era. I...
Second Temple period
The Second Temple period in Jewish history lasted between 530 BC and 70 AD, when the Second Temple of Jerusalem existed. The sects of Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Zealots were formed during thi...
Second Temple period - Wikipedia
Cyrus the Great
Cyrus II of Persia (Old Persian: Kūruš; New Persian: کوروش بزرگ ; c. 600 or 576 – 530 BC), commonly known as Cyrus the Great  and also known as Cyrus the Elder, was the fou...
Cyrus the Great - Wikipedia
Balfour Declaration of 1917
The Balfour Declaration (dated 2 November 1917) was a letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Baron Rothschild (Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild), a leader of...
Balfour Declaration of 1917 - Wikipedia
Christianity and antisemitism
Christianity and antisemitism deals with the hostility of Christian Churches, Christian groups, and by Christians in general to Judaism and the Jewish people. Christian rhetoric and antipathy towards ...
Christianity and antisemitism - Wikipedia
Temple Mount
The Temple Mount, known in Hebrew as Har HaBáyit (Hebrew: הַר הַבַּיִת) or as Har HaMōriyā (Hebrew: הַר הַמוריה) and in Arabic as the Haram al-Sharif (Arabic: الحرم القدسي الشريف‎, al-ḥaram ...
Temple Mount - Wikipedia
Revisionist Zionism
Revisionist Zionism is a faction within the Zionist movement. It is the founding ideology of the non-religious right in Israel, and was the chief ideological competitor to the dominant socialist Labor...
Revisionist Zionism - Wikipedia
Dung Gate
The Dung Gate (also known as, Hebrew: שַׁעַר הַאַשָּׁפוּת Sha'ar Ha'ashpot, Gate of Silwan, Moroccan Gate, Arabic: باب المغاربة‎) is one of the gates in the walls of the Old City of Jerusale...
Dung Gate - Wikipedia
Zionist and Palestinian Arab attitudes before 1948
Intercommunal conflict in Mandatory Palestine refers to political and armed struggle between Palestinian Arabs and Jewish Yishuv from the conquest of the region by the British to the Partition Plan an...
Zionist and Palestinian Arab attitudes before 1948 - Wikipedia