Rise of the Ottoman Empire
The foundation and rise of the Ottoman Empire (1299 – 29 May 1453) is the period that started with the weakening of the Seljuq Sultanate of Rûm in the very early 14th century and ended with the fall o...
Rise of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
Death of Tamerlane
In January the Scourge of God caught a cold. One of history’s most brutal butchers, now perhaps in his seventies, had set out with an army 200,000 strong from Samarqand, his capital, to try conclusion...
Orhan I
Orhan or Orhan Bey (Ottoman: اورخان غازی, Orhan Gazi; 1281 – March 1362) was the second bey of the nascent Ottoman Empire (then known as the Ottoman Beylik or Emirate) from 1326 to 1362. He was ...
Orhan I - Wikipedia
Murad I
Murad I (Ottoman Turkish: مراد اول) (Turkish: I. Murat Hüdavendigâr) (nicknamed Hüdavendigâr, from Persian خداوندگار Khodāvandgār, "the God-like One" – but meaning "sovereign" in this context)...
Murad I - Wikipedia
Battle of Adrianople (1365)
Adrianople, a major Byzantine city in Thrace, was conquered by the Ottomans sometime in the 1360s, and eventually became the Ottoman capital, until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453.
Following th...
Reconquest of Gallipoli
The Savoyard crusade (1366–67) was born out of the same planning that led to the Alexandrian Crusade. It was the brainchild of Pope Urban V and was led by Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy, against the Ottom...
Battle of Maritsa
The Battle of Maritsa, or Battle of Chernomen (Serbian: Маричка битка, бој код Черномена, Bulgarian: Битката при Марица, битката при Черномен, Turkish: Çirmen Muharebesi, İkinci Meriç Muha...
Fall of Philadelphia
The Fall of Philadelphia marked the fall of the last independent Christian Greek settlement in western Asia Minor to the Muslim Turks of the Ottoman Sultanate. Ironically, the besieging army included ...
Battle of Dubravnica
The Battle of Dubravnica (Битка на Дубравници) was fought in the summer of 1380 or December 1381, on the Dubravnica River near Paraćin in today's central Serbia, between the Serbian forces of Prince L...
Battle of Savra
The Battle of Savra (Serbian: Битка на Саурском пољу; "Battle on the Saurian field") was fought on 18 September 1385 between Ottoman and much smaller Zetan forces, at the Savra field near Lushnjë ...
Battle of Kosovo
The Battle of Kosovo (Serbian: Kosovska bitka/Косовска битка, Turkish: Kosova Savaşı) took place on 15 June 1389 between the army led by the Serbian Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović, and the invadin...
Battle of Kosovo - Wikipedia
Beyazid I
Bayezid I (Ottoman Turkish: بايزيد اول; Turkish: 1. Beyazıt; nicknamed Yıldırım (Ottoman Turkish: ییلدیرم), "The Lightning"; 1360 – 8 March 1403) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389...
Beyazid I - Wikipedia
Tamerlane
Timur (Persian: تیمور‎ Timūr, Chagatai: Temür, Uzbek: Temur; died 18 February 1405), historically known as Tamerlane (Persian: تيمور لنگ‎ Timūr(-e) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turko-Mon...
Tamerlane - Wikipedia
Ottoman Interregnum
The Ottoman Interregnum, or the Ottoman Civil War (20 July 1402 – 5 July 1413; Turkish: Fetret Devri), was a civil war in the Ottoman Empire between the sons of Sultan Bayezid I following the defe...
Murad II
Murad II Kodja (June 1404, Amasya – 3 February 1451, Edirne) (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثانى Murād-ı sānī, Turkish:II. Murat) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1421 to 1451 (except for a period f...
Murad II - Wikipedia
Siege of Constantinople
There were several sieges of Constantinople during the history of the Byzantine Empire. Two of them resulted in the capture of Constantinople from Byzantine rule: in 1204 by Crusaders, and in 1453 by ...
Siege of Thessalonica (1422-1430)
The siege of Thessalonica between 1422 and 1430 was an ultimately successful attempt by the Ottoman Empire under Murad II to take the Byzantine city of Thessalonica. Initially, the Sultan desired to c...
Siege of Thessalonica (1422-1430) - Wikipedia
Battle of Varna
The Battle of Varna took place on 10 November 1444 near Varna in eastern Bulgaria. The Ottoman Army under Sultan Murad II defeated the Hungarian-Polish and Wallachian armies commanded by Władysław III...
Battle of Varna - Wikipedia
Battle of Kosovo (1448)
The Second Battle of Kosovo (Hungarian: második rigómezei csata, Turkish: İkinci Kosova savaşı) (17 October–20 October 1448) was fought at Kosovo Polje between a coalition of the Kingdom of Hung...
Battle of Kosovo (1448) - Wikipedia
Mehmed the Conqueror
Mehmed II (Ottoman Turkish: محمد ثانى, Meḥmed-i s̠ānī; Turkish: II. Mehmet [ˈmeh.met]; also known as el-Fātiḥ, الفاتح, "the Conqueror" in Ottoman Turkish; in modern Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehme...
Mehmed the Conqueror - Wikipedia
Fall of Constantinople
The Fall of Constantinople (Greek: Άλωση της Κωνσταντινούπολης, Alōsē tēs Kōnstantinoupolēs; Turkish: İstanbul'un Fethi Conquest of Istanbul) was the capture of the capital of the Eastern Roma...
Fall of Constantinople - Wikipedia
Siege of Belgrade (1456)
The Siege of Belgrade or Battle of Belgrade or Siege of Nándorfehérvár occurred from July 4–22, 1456. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II rallied his resources in or...
Siege of Belgrade (1456) - Wikipedia
Battle of Breadfield
The Battle of Breadfield (Hungarian: Kenyérmezei csata, Romanian: Bătălia de la Câmpul Pâinii, Turkish: Ekmek Otlak Savaşı) was the most tremendous conflict fought in Transylvania up to th...
Battle of Breadfield - Wikipedia
Death of Tamerlane
In January the Scourge of God caught a cold. One of history’s most brutal butchers, now perhaps in his seventies, had set out with an army 200,000 strong from Samarqand, his capital, to try conclusion...
Operation Nemesis
Operation Nemesis (Armenian: «Նեմեսիս» գործողութիւն Nemesis gortsoghut'iun) was a covert operation by the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutyun) carried out from 1920 to 1922, during w...
Operation Nemesis - Wikipedia
Janissary
The Janissaries (Ottoman Turkish: يڭيچرى yeniçeri, meaning "new soldier") were elite infantry units that formed the Ottoman Sultan's household troops and bodyguards. Sultan Murad I created the for...
Janissary - Wikipedia
Rus'-Byzantine War
Rus'–Byzantine War may refer to one of the following conflicts:
Rus'-Byzantine War - Wikipedia
Turkish Courts-Martial of 1919-1920
Turkish courts-martial of 1919–20 were courts-martial of the Ottoman Empire that occurred right after the armistice of Mudros during the aftermath of World War I. The leadership of the Committee of Un...
Byzantine-Arab Wars
The Arab–Byzantine wars were a series of wars between the mostly Arab Muslims and the East Roman or Byzantine Empire between the 7th and 11th centuries AD. Started during the initial Muslim conquests ...
Byzantine-Arab Wars - Wikipedia
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars
The Byzantine–Bulgarian wars were a series of conflicts fought between the Byzantines and Bulgarians which began when the Bulgars first settled in the Balkan peninsula in the 5th century, and intensi...
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars - Wikipedia