Rishonim
Rishonim ([ʁiʃoˈnim]; Hebrew: ראשונים‎; sing. ראשון, Rishon, "the first ones") were the leading Rabbis and Poskim who lived approximately during the 11th to 15th centuries, in the era before the...
Rishonim - Wikipedia
Maimonides
Mosheh ben Maimon (Hebrew: משה בן-מימון‎), or Mūsā ibn Maymūn (Arabic: موسى بن ميمون‎), acronymed RaMBaM (Hebrew: רמב"ם‎ – for "Rabbeinu Mosheh Ben Maimon", "Our Rabbi/Teacher Mo...
Maimonides - Wikipedia
Tosafists
Tosafists were medieval rabbis from France and Germany who are among those known in Talmudical scholarship as Rishonim (there were Rishonim in Spain also) who created critical and explanatory glosses ...
Moses de León
Moses de León (c. 1250 – 1305), known in Hebrew as Moshe ben Shem-Tov (משה בן שם-טוב די-ליאון), was a Spanish rabbi and Kabbalist who is thought of as the composer or redactor of the Zohar. It i...
Moses de León - Wikipedia
Meir ben Samuel
Meïr ben Samuel (מאיר בן שמואל), also known by the Hebrew acronym RaM for Rabbi Meir, was a French rabbi and tosafist, who was born in about 1060 in Ramerupt, and died after 1135. His father was an em...
Samuel ben Jacob ibn Jam
Samuel ben Jacob ibn Jam' or Samuel ben Jacob Jam'a (12th century) was rabbi of the North-African community of Kabez which flourished in the 12th century. He was on intimate terms with Abraham ibn Ezr...
Maimonides' Rule
Maimonides' Rule is named after the 12th century rabbinic scholar Maimonides, who identified a correlation between class size and students' achievements. Today this rule is widely used in educational ...
Bahya ibn Paquda
Bahya ben Joseph ibn Paquda (also: Pakuda, Bakuda, Hebrew: בחיי אבן פקודה, Arabic: بهية بن باكودا‎) was a Jewish philosopher and rabbi who lived at Zaragoza, Spain, in the first half of the ...
Hasdai Crescas
Hasdai ben Judah Crescas ([həzˈðaj ˈβeɲ ʒuˈða ˈkɾeskəs]; Hebrew: חסדאי קרשקש‎; b. Barcelona, c.1340; d. Zaragoza, 1410/1411) was a Spanish-Jewish philosopher and a renowned halakhist (teacher of...
Hasdai Crescas - Wikipedia
Isaac ben Reuben Albargeloni
Isaac ben Reuben Albargeloni (born 1043) was a Spanish Talmudist and liturgical poet born in Barcelona. He was a judge in the Denia community, where he became connected with ibn Alḥatosh, likely due t...
Amnon of Mainz
Amnon of Mainz or Amnon of Mayence is the subject of a medieval legend that became very popular. It treats of Rabbi Amnon, of Mainz (Mayence), Germany, in the 11th century, whom the Archbishop of Main...
Joseph ben Tzaddik
Joseph ben Tzaddik was a rabbi in Arevalo, in Spain, during the fifteenth century. He was the author of a treatise entitled Zeker Ẓaddiḳ, on ritual matters, in fifty chapters, which by 1900 was still ...
Joseph ben Tzaddik - Wikipedia
Berechiah de Nicole
Berechiah de Nicole also known as Benedict fil Mosse, (d. after 1256), was a thirteenth-century English Tosafist who lived at Lincoln. He was of the well-known Hagin family, and son of Rabbi Moses ben...
Berechiah de Nicole - Wikipedia
Alexander Suslin
Alexander Suslin HaKohen, (d.1349) was a prominent 14th century rabbinic authority born in Erfurt, Germany. One of the most important Talmudists of his time. He flourished in the first half of the fo...
Eleazar of Worms
Eleazar of Worms (אלעזר מוורמייזא) (c. 1176–1238), or Eleazar ben Judah ben Kalonymus, also sometimes known today as Eleazar Rokeach ("Eleazar the Perfumer" אלעזר רקח) from the title of his Book of t...
Aharon HaLevi
Aharon ben Joseph HaLevi (Hebrew: אהרון הלוי‎‎; 1235 – c. 1290), known by his Hebrew acronym Ra'aH (רא"ה), was a medieval rabbi, Talmudic scholar and Halakhist.Aaron ha-Levi was ...
Aharon HaLevi - Wikipedia
Menahem ben Aaron ibn Zerah
Menahem ben Aaron ibn Zerah (died 1385) was a Spanish rabbi and codifier born in Navarre, probably at Estella, in the first third of the 14th century.
Menahem's father Aaron, forced to leave Franc...
Eliezer ben Nathan
Eliezer ben Nathan (Hebrew: אליעזר בן נתן) of Mainz (1090–1170), or Ra'aven (ראב"ן), was a halakist and liturgical poet. As an early Rishon, he was a contemporary of the Rashbam and Rabbeinu Tam, and ...
Israel Isserlein
Israel Isserlin (ישראל איסרלן; Israel Isserlein ben Petachia; 1390 in Maribor, Duchy of Styria – 1460 in Wiener Neustadt, Lower Austria) was a Talmudist, and Halakhist, best known for his Terum...
Rashi
Shlomo Yitzchaki (Hebrew: רבי שלמה יצחקי‎; 22 February 1040 – 13 July 1105), in Latin Salomon Isaacides, and today generally known by the acronym Rashi (Hebrew: רש"י‎, RAbbi SHlomo Itzhaki...
Rashi - Wikipedia
Aaron ben Jacob ha-Kohen
Aaron ben Jacob ha-Kohen was a Provençal rabbi, one of a family of scholars living at Narbonne, France (not Lunel, as David Conforte and others say), and who suffered the expulsion of the Jews in 1306...
Isaiah di Trani the Younger
Isaiah ben Elijah di Trani (the Younger) (Hebrew: ישעיה בן אליהו דטראני) was an Italian Talmudist and commentator who lived in the 13th century and 14th century. He was the grandson, on his mother's s...
Aaron of Canterbury
Aaron of Canterbury was an English rabbi and halakhic exegete, mentioned in Minhat Yehudah ("The Offering of Judah") by Judah ben Eliezer on Deuteronomy xxvi.2, in association with Rashi and Rabbi Jac...
Eliezer ben Samuel
Eliezer ben Samuel of Metz (died 1175) was a Tosafist and the author of the halachic work Sefer Yereim (Vilna 1892). An abridgment of this work was produced by Benjamin ben Abraham Anaw.