Rishonim
Rishonim ([ʁiʃoˈnim]; Hebrew: ראשונים‎; sing. ראשון, Rishon, "the first ones") were the leading Rabbis and Poskim who lived approximately during the 11th to 15th centuries, in the era before the...
Rishonim - Wikipedia
Maimonides
Mosheh ben Maimon (Hebrew: משה בן-מימון‎), or Mūsā ibn Maymūn (Arabic: موسى بن ميمون‎), acronymed RaMBaM (Hebrew: רמב"ם‎ – for "Rabbeinu Mosheh Ben Maimon", "Our Rabbi/Teacher Mo...
Maimonides - Wikipedia
Tosafists
Tosafists were medieval rabbis from France and Germany who are among those known in Talmudical scholarship as Rishonim (there were Rishonim in Spain also) who created critical and explanatory glosses ...
Hanoch ben Moses
R. Hanoch ben Moses (Hebrew: רבנו חנוך ב"ר משה) (d. 1014 CE or 1024 CE) was a Spanish rabbi. Almost all of the information we have about him comes from the Sefer ha-Qabbalah by R. Abraham ibn Daud.Alo...
Jacob ben Reuben (rabbi)
Jacob ben Reuben was a Spanish rabbi and polemicist of the twelfth century. In response to attacks by the convert Petrus Alphonsi, he wrote the Sefer Milhamot Adonai ("Book of the Wars of the Lord"). ...
Meir ben Samuel
Meïr ben Samuel (מאיר בן שמואל), also known by the Hebrew acronym RaM for Rabbi Meir, was a French rabbi and tosafist, who was born in about 1060 in Ramerupt, and died after 1135. His father was an em...
Samuel ben Jacob ibn Jam
Samuel ben Jacob ibn Jam' or Samuel ben Jacob Jam'a (12th century) was rabbi of the North-African community of Kabez which flourished in the 12th century. He was on intimate terms with Abraham ibn Ezr...
Maimonides' Rule
Maimonides' Rule is named after the 12th century rabbinic scholar Maimonides, who identified a correlation between class size and students' achievements. Today this rule is widely used in educational ...
Bahya ibn Paquda
Bahya ben Joseph ibn Paquda (also: Pakuda, Bakuda, Hebrew: בחיי אבן פקודה, Arabic: بهية بن باكودا‎) was a Jewish philosopher and rabbi who lived at Zaragoza, Spain, in the first half of the ...
Isaac ben Dorbolo
Isaac ben Dorbolo was a rabbi, about 1150.He traveled much, and knew Poland, Russia, Bohemia, France, and Germany from his own observations. Some time after 1140 he visited Rabbeinu Tam in Ramerupt.In...
Shem-Tov ibn Falaquera
Shem-Tov ben Joseph ibn Falaquera, also spelled Palquera (1225 – c. 1290) (Hebrew: שם טוב בן יוסף אבן פלקירה) was a Spanish Jewish philosopher and poet and commentator. A vast body of work is at...
Judah Halevi
Judah Halevi (also Yehuda Halevi or ha-Levi; Hebrew: יהודה הלוי; Arabic: يهوذا اللاوي; c. 1075 – 1141) was a Spanish Jewish physician, poet and philosopher. He was born in Spain, either in Toledo or T...
Judah Halevi - Wikipedia
Hasdai Crescas
Hasdai ben Judah Crescas ([həzˈðaj ˈβeɲ ʒuˈða ˈkɾeskəs]; Hebrew: חסדאי קרשקש‎; b. Barcelona, c.1340; d. Zaragoza, 1410/1411) was a Spanish-Jewish philosopher and a renowned halakhist (teacher of...
Hasdai Crescas - Wikipedia
Isaac ben Reuben Albargeloni
Isaac ben Reuben Albargeloni (born 1043) was a Spanish Talmudist and liturgical poet born in Barcelona. He was a judge in the Denia community, where he became connected with ibn Alḥatosh, likely due t...
Amnon of Mainz
Amnon of Mainz or Amnon of Mayence is the subject of a medieval legend that became very popular. It treats of Rabbi Amnon, of Mainz (Mayence), Germany, in the 11th century, whom the Archbishop of Main...
Joseph ben Tzaddik
Joseph ben Tzaddik was a rabbi in Arevalo, in Spain, during the fifteenth century. He was the author of a treatise entitled Zeker Ẓaddiḳ, on ritual matters, in fifty chapters, which by 1900 was still ...
Joseph ben Tzaddik - Wikipedia
Solomon Alami
Solomon Alami was a Portuguese-Jewish ethical writer of the 14th and 15th centuries, contemporary of Simon ben Ẓemaḥ Duran (רשב"ץ). He is known through his ethical treatise Iggeret Musar, (Why Catast...
Berechiah de Nicole
Berechiah de Nicole also known as Benedict fil Mosse, (d. after 1256), was a thirteenth-century English Tosafist who lived at Lincoln. He was of the well-known Hagin family, and son of Rabbi Moses ben...
Berechiah de Nicole - Wikipedia
Alexander Suslin
Alexander Suslin HaKohen, (d.1349) was a prominent 14th century rabbinic authority born in Erfurt, Germany. One of the most important Talmudists of his time. He flourished in the first half of the fo...
Eliezer ben Nathan
Eliezer ben Nathan (Hebrew: אליעזר בן נתן) of Mainz (1090–1170), or Ra'aven (ראב"ן), was a halakist and liturgical poet. As an early Rishon, he was a contemporary of the Rashbam and Rabbeinu Tam, and ...
Solomon Petit
Solomon Petit was a 13th-century French Tosafist who settled in Acre, Palestine, where he gathered a following of mystics and instigated a new campaign against the philosophical writings of Maimonidie...
Israel Isserlein
Israel Isserlin (ישראל איסרלן; Israel Isserlein ben Petachia; 1390 in Maribor, Duchy of Styria – 1460 in Wiener Neustadt, Lower Austria) was a Talmudist, and Halakhist, best known for his Terum...
Rashi
Shlomo Yitzchaki (Hebrew: רבי שלמה יצחקי‎; 22 February 1040 – 13 July 1105), in Latin Salomon Isaacides, and today generally known by the acronym Rashi (Hebrew: רש"י‎, RAbbi SHlomo Itzhaki...
Rashi - Wikipedia
Simha of Speyer
Simha ben Samuel of Speyer (13th century) was a German rabbi and tosafist. Neither the year of his birth nor that of his death is known. He was one of the leading signatories of the Takkanot Shum (com...
Simha of Speyer - Wikipedia