Rotor machine
In cryptography, a rotor machine is an electro-mechanical stream cipher device used for encrypting and decrypting secret messages. Rotor machines were the cryptographic state-of-the-art for a prominen...
Rotor machine - Wikipedia
Edward Hebern
Edward Hugh Hebern (April 23, 1869 – February 10, 1952) was an early inventor of rotor machines, devices for encryption.
Edward Hugh Hebern was born in Streator, Illinois on April 23, 1869. ...
Edward Hebern - Wikipedia
Creed & Company
A creed (also confession, symbol, or statement of faith) is a statement of the shared beliefs of a religious community in the form of a fixed formula summarizing core tenets.One of the most widely use...
Enigma rotor details
This article contains technical details about the rotors of the Enigma machine.Understanding the way the machine encrypts requires taking into account the current position of each rotor, the ring sett...
Enigma rotor details - Wikipedia
NEMA (machine)
In the history of cryptography, the NEMA (NEue MAschine) ("new machine"), also designated the T-D (Tasten-Druecker-Maschine) ("key-stroke machine"), was a 10-wheel rotor machine designed by the Swiss ...
NEMA (machine) - Wikipedia
Enigma machine
An Enigma machine was any of several electro-mechanical rotor cipher machines used in the twentieth century for enciphering and deciphering secret messages. Enigma was invented by the German engineer ...
Enigma machine - Wikipedia
SIGABA
In the history of cryptography, the ECM Mark II was a cipher machine used by the United States for message encryption from World War II until the 1950s. The machine was also known as the SIGABA or Con...
SIGABA - Wikipedia
Fialka
In cryptography, Fialka (M-125) is the name of a Cold War-era Soviet cipher machine. A rotor machine, the device uses 10 rotors, each with 30 contacts along with mechanical pins to control stepping. I...
Fialka - Wikipedia
Red (cipher machine)
In the history of cryptography, 91-shiki ohbun-injiki (九一式欧文印字機) ("System 91 Printing Machine") or Angōki Taipu-A (暗号機 タイプA) ("Type A Cipher Machine"), codenamed Red by the United States, was a diplom...
Red (cipher machine) - Wikipedia
SIGCUM
SIGCUM, also known as Converter M-228, was a rotor cipher machine used to encrypt teleprinter traffic by the United States Army. Hastily designed by William Friedman and Frank Rowlett, the system was ...
SIGCUM - Wikipedia
KL-7
The TSEC/KL-7, code named ADONIS and POLLUX, was an off-line non-reciprocal rotor encryption machine. The KL-7 had eight rotors to encrypt the text, seven of which moved in a complex pattern, controll...
KL-7 - Wikipedia
Portex
Portex (or BID/50/1) was a British cipher machine. A rotor machine, the device used eight rotors each with a tyre ring and an insert. The machine was used mainly by the secret services from the late 1...
Portex - Wikipedia
Reflector (cipher machine)
A reflector, in cryptology, is a component of some rotor cipher machines, such as the Enigma machine, that sends electrical impulses that have reached it from the machine's rotors, back in reverse ord...
Reflector (cipher machine) - Wikipedia
Combined Cipher Machine
The Combined Cipher Machine (CCM) (or Combined Cypher Machine) was a common cipher machine system for securing Allied communications during World War II and for a few years after amongst NATO. The Bri...
Combined Cipher Machine - Wikipedia
HX-63
The HX-63 was an advanced rotor machine designed by Crypto AG, who started the design in 1952. The machine had nine rotors, each with 41 contacts. There were 26 keyboard inputs and outputs, leaving 15...
HX-63 - Wikipedia
BID/60
BID/60 (Singlet) was a British encryption machine. It was used by the British intelligence services from around 1949 or 1950 onwards. The system is a rotor machine, and would appear to have used 10 ro...
BID/60 - Wikipedia
Mercury (cipher machine)
Mercury was a British cipher machine used by the Air Ministry from 1950 until at least the early 1960s. Mercury was an online rotor machine descended from Typex, but modified to achieve a longer cycle...
M-325
In the history of cryptography, M-325, also known as SIGFOY, was an American rotor machine designed by William F. Friedman in 1936. Between 1944 and 1946, more than 1,100 machines were deployed within...
M-325 - Wikipedia
Hebern rotor machine
The Hebern Rotor Machine was an electro-mechanical encryption machine built by combining the mechanical parts of a standard typewriter with the electrical parts of an electric typewriter, connecting t...
Hebern rotor machine - Wikipedia
Typex
In the history of cryptography, Typex (alternatively, Type X or TypeX) machines were British cipher machines used from 1937. It was an adaptation of the commercial German Enigma with a number of enhan...
Typex - Wikipedia
Lacida
The Lacida (or LCD) was a Polish rotor cipher machine. It was designed and produced before World War II by Poland's Cipher Bureau for prospective wartime use by Polish military higher commands.
T...
Lacida - Wikipedia
OMI cryptograph
The OMI cryptograph was a rotor cipher machine produced and sold by Italian firm Ottico Meccanica Italiana (OMI) in Rome. The machine had seven rotors, including a reflecting rotor. The rotors stepped...
OMI cryptograph - Wikipedia
Cryptanalysis of the Enigma
Cryptanalysis of the Enigma enabled the western Allies in World War II to read substantial amounts of secret Morse-coded radio communications of the Axis powers that had been enciphered using Enigma m...
Cryptanalysis of the Enigma - Wikipedia