Cataphracts: Armored Warriors and their Horses of War
By the 7th and 8th centuries B.C., the role of the chariot in battle was gradually being replaced by cavalry units in the Near East. Some were armed lightly and were used to harass the enemy from afar...
Seleucid Empire
The song is Λιανοτράγουδο - Lianotragoudo from Eleftheria Arvanitaki (ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑ ΑΡΒΑΝΙΤΑΚΗ). After Alexander the Great conquered Northern India, defeating Po...
Ayyubid dynasty
The Ayyubid dynasty (Kurdish: دووگەلی ئەییووبی Dûgela Eyûbîyan; Arabic: الأيوبيون‎ al-Ayyūbīyūn; Turkish: Eyyûbîler) was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Salad...
Ayyubid dynasty - Wikipedia
Hamdanid dynasty
The Hamdanid dynasty (Arabic: حمدانيون‎ Ḥamdānyūn) was a Shi'a Muslim Arab dynasty of northern Iraq (Al-Jazirah) and Syria (890-1004). They descended from the ancient Banu Taghlib Christian ...
Hamdanid dynasty - Wikipedia
Mirdasid dynasty
The Mirdasid dynasty was a dynasty that controlled the Amirate of Aleppo more or less continuously from 1024 until 1080.
The Mirdasids were members of the Banu Kilab, an Arab tribe that had been p...
Mirdasid dynasty - Wikipedia
Principality of Antioch
The Principality of Antioch was one of the crusader states created during the First Crusade which included parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria.The Principality of Antioch was much smaller than the Co...
Principality of Antioch - Wikipedia
List of Roman governors of Syria
This is a list of governors of the Roman province of Syria. From 27 BC, the province was governed by an imperial legate of praetorian rank. The province was merged with Roman Judaea in 135 AD to form ...
Royal family of Emesa
The royal family of Emesa, also known as the Emesani Dynasty or the Sempsigerami of Emesa (Arabic: آل شميس غرام‎), sometimes known as The Sampsiceramids were a ruling Roman client dynasty of...
Seleucid Empire
CEThe Seleucid Empire (/sɪˈlʲuːsɪd/), was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the empire created by Alexander the Great. Seleucus...
Seleucid Empire - Wikipedia
Zengid dynasty
The Zengid (or Zangid) dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Oghuz Turk origin, which ruled parts of Syria and northern Iraq on behalf of the Seljuk Empire.
The dynasty was founded by Imad ad-Din Zengi ...
Zengid dynasty - Wikipedia
Cataphracts: Armored Warriors and their Horses of War
By the 7th and 8th centuries B.C., the role of the chariot in battle was gradually being replaced by cavalry units in the Near East. Some were armed lightly and were used to harass the enemy from afar...
Tankiz
Sayf al-Din Tankiz al-Husami al-Nasiri better known simply as Tankiz (Arabic: تنكيز‎) (died May 1340) was the Governor of Damascus and the Viceroy (Na'ib al-Saltana) of Syria from 1312 to 13...
Tankiz - Wikipedia
List of Presidents of Syria
This is a list of heads of state of Syria since 1920.
List of Presidents of Syria - Wikipedia
Marwan I
Marwan ibn al-Hakam ibn Abu al-'As ibn Umayyah (623 – 7 May 685) (Arabic: مروان بن الحكم بن ابو العاص بن أمية‎) a Sahaba and also was the fourth Umayyad Caliph, and the cousin of Uthman ibn ...
Abba-El I
Abba-El I (reigned c. 1750 BC – c. 1720 BC - Middle chronology ) was the king of Yamhad (Halab) succeeding his father Hammurabi I.
Hammurabi I left Yamhad a prosperous country, Ab...
Akram Shammaa
Prince Akram Shammaa Al Zengi (Mohammad Akram Bin Mostafa Bin Mohammad Shammaa Al Zengi III; Arabic: محمد اكرم شماع بن مصطفى بن محمد شماع الزنكي; August 8 1930-June 9 2012) is a Prince of Al Zengid D...
Akram Shammaa - Wikipedia
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik (691 – 6 February 743) (Arabic: هشام بن عبد الملك‎) 10th Umayyad caliph who ruled from 724 until his death in 743. When he was born in 691 his mother named him ...
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik - Wikipedia
Ibiranu
Ibiranu (reigned c. 1235 BC – c. 1225/20 BC) was the sixth king of Ugarit, a city-state in northwestern Syria. He was the second-eldest son of Ammittamru II. Ibiranu's older step-brother and hei...
List of Seljuk rulers in Syria (1076–1117)

To the ArtuqidsSultans/Emirs of Damascus:Damascus seized by the Burid Toghtekin
List of Seljuk rulers in Syria (1076–1117) - Wikipedia
Sumuel
Sumuel or Sumu-El ruled the ancient Near East city-stateof Larsa from c. 1830 BC to 1801 BC. He was an Amorite. Annals for his complete 29-year reign have survived; thus it is known that he campaigned...