Safavid Empire
The Safavid dynasty (Persian: سلسلهٔ صفويان‎; Azerbaijani: Səfəvilər sülaləsi, صفويلر سولاله‌سى) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Persia (modern Iran) after the fall of th...
Safavid Empire - Wikipedia
Pre-Islamic Architecture of Iran
Iran, sometimes known as Persia , is a country with a glorious history spanning thousands of years. Iran as a nation was established in 540 BC by Cyrus the Great, possibly making it the oldest nation ...
Persian architecture - Beautiful Architecture Of Iran
Architecture in Greater Iran has a continuous history from at least 5000BCE to the present. Iranian architecture displays great variety: Some of the most ...
Safaviyya
The Safaviyya (Persian: صفویه) was a Sufi order founded by the Kurdish mystic Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili (1252–1334). It held a prominent place in the society and politics of northwestern Iran in t...
Safvat as-safa
The Safvat as-safa (Persian: صفوة الصفا‎), also spelled Safvat al-safa or Safwat al-safa, is a hagiography of the Sufi shaykh Safi-ad-din Ardabili (1252–1334), founder of the Safaviya Sufi order...
Silsilat-al-nasab-i Safaviya
The Silsilat-al-nasab-i Safaviya, also spelled Selselat an-Nasab-e Safaviyye (Persian: سلسلة النسب صفویة‎, meaning Genealogy of the Safavid Dynasty) was written by Sheikh Pir Husayn 'Abd az-Zahi...
Firuz Shah Zarin-Kolah
Firuz Shah Zarrin Kolah (Persian: فیروزشاه زرین کلاه, literal meaning in English: The victorious king bearing golden hat‎) was a Kurdish dignitary, and the seventh in the ancestral line of Shayk...
Firuz Shah Zarin-Kolah - Wikipedia
Safi al-Din Ardabili
Sheikh Safi-ad-din Is'haq Ardabili (of Ardabil) (1252–1334) (Persian: شیخ صفی‌الدین اردبیلی‎), was the Kurdish eponym of the Safavid dynasty, founder of the Safaviyya order, and the spiritual he...
Safi al-Din Ardabili - Wikipedia
Ismail I
Ismail I, (July 17, 1487 – May 23, 1524), known in Persian as Shāh Ismāʿil, (Persian: شاه اسماعیل‎; full name: Abū l-Muzaffar bin Haydar as-Safavī), was Shah of Iran (1501) and the founder of t...
Ismail I - Wikipedia
Battle of Chaldiran
44°19′37.19″E / 39.0888528°N 44.3269972°E / 39.0888528; 44.3269972The Battle of Chaldiran or Chaldoran (Persian: چالدران‎; Turkish: Çaldıran) occurred on 23 August 1...
Battle of Chaldiran - Wikipedia
Qizilbash
Qizilbash or Kizilbash (sometimes also Qezelbash or Qazilbash) is the label given to a wide variety of Shi'i militant groups that flourished in Anatolia and Kurdistan from the late 13th century onwar...
Qizilbash - Wikipedia
Shah Tahmasp
Tahmasp I (Persian: شاه تهماسب یکم‎) (22 February 1514 – 14 May 1576) was an influential Shah of Iran, who enjoyed the longest reign of any member of the Safavid dynasty. He was the son and succ...
Shah Tahmasp - Wikipedia
Abbas I of Persia
Shāh Abbās the Great (or Shāh Abbās I) (Persian: شاه عَباس بُزُرگ‎) (27 January 1571 – 19 January 1629) was the 5th Safavid king (Shah) of Iran, and is generally considered the greatest ruler of...
Abbas I of Persia - Wikipedia
Hotaki dynasty
The Hotak dynasty was an Afghan monarchy of the Ghilji Pashtuns, established in April 1709 by Mirwais Hotak after leading a successful revolution against their declining Persian Safavids overlords in ...
Hotaki dynasty - Wikipedia
Afsharid dynasty
The Afsharids (Persian: افشاریان‎) were members of a native Iranian dynasty of Turkic origin, specifically the Afshar tribe, from Khorasan, who ruled Persia in the 18th century. The dynasty was ...
Afsharid dynasty - Wikipedia
Mulla Sadra
Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī, also called Mulla Sadrā (Persian: ملا صدرا‎; also spelt Molla Sadra, Mollasadra or Sadr-ol-Mote'allehin; Arabic: صدرالمتألهین‎) (c. 1571/2 – 1640), was th...
Mir Damad
Mir Damad (Persian: ميرداماد‎) (d. 1631 or 1632), known also as Mir Mohammad Baqer Esterabadi, or Asterabadi, was an Iranian philosopher in the Neoplatonizing Islamic Peripatetic traditions of A...
Mir Damad - Wikipedia
Mir Fendereski
Mir Fendereski (Persian: میرفِنِدِرِسکی)‎ (1562–1640) was a renowned Iranian philosopher, poet and mystic of the Safavid era. His full name is given as Sayyed Mir Abulqasim Astarabadi (Pe...
Shaykh Bahai
Bahāʾ al‐Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al‐ʿĀmilī (also known as Shaykh‐i Bahāʾī, Persian: شیخ بهایی‎) (18 February 1547 – 1 September 1621) was a scholar, philosopher, architect, mathematician, ...
Shaykh Bahai - Wikipedia
Mohsen Fayz Kashani
Muhsen Feyz Kashani (Persian: محسن فیض کاشانی‎) was an Iranian Muslim poet, philosopher and muhaddith (died 1680).
Mohsen Fayz Kashani was born in Kashan to a scholarly family renowned for i...
Persian architecture
Iranian architecture or Persian architecture is the architecture of contemporary Iran and the Iranian Cultural Continent. It has a continuous history from at least 5000 BCE to the present, with charac...
Persian architecture - Wikipedia
Persia-Portugal war
Persian–Portuguese war took place between 1507 and 1622 and involved the Portuguese Empire and its vassal, the Kingdom of Ormus, on one side, and the Safavid Empire with the help of the Kingdom of ...
Persia-Portugal war - Wikipedia
Ottoman-Safavid War (1532-1555)
The Ottoman–Safavid War of 1532–1555 was one of the many military conflicts fought between the two arch rivals, the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent, and the Persian Safavid Empire led b...
Ottoman-Safavid War (1532-1555) - Wikipedia
Alevism
Alevism or Alevi (/'ælɛvij/, also /æˈlɛviː/ or /əˈleɪviː/, Turkish: Alevîlik or Turkish: Anadolu Alevîliği/Alevileri, also called Qizilbash, Spiritual Shiism or Sufi-Shia by outsiders) is a my...
Alevism - Wikipedia
Mughal-Safavid War (1622-1623)
The Mughal–Safavid War of 1622–1623 was fought over the important fortress city of Kandahar, in Afghanistan, between the Safavid empire of Persia and the Mughal empire of IndiaShah Abbas desired to ca...
Mughal-Safavid War (1622-1623) - Wikipedia
Gonbad
In traditional Persian architecture, a dome is referred to as a gonbad (Persian: گنبد‎). The history of designing gonbads dates back to pre-Islamic Persia. The Parthians in particular were very ...
Gonbad - Wikipedia