On October 24th 1648, The Treaty Of Westphalia Was Signed, Marking The End Of The Thirty Years War.
The Westphalia area of north-western Germany gave its name to the treaty that ended the Thirty Years War, one of the most destructive conflicts in the history of Europe. The war or series of connected...
Protestant Reformation
The Protestant Reformation - Part 1.
Protestantism
The Protestant Reformation - Part 1.
Incident at Antioch
The Incident at Antioch was an Apostolic Age dispute between the apostles Paul and Peter which occurred in the city of Antioch around the middle of the first century. The primary source for the incid...
Incident at Antioch - Wikipedia
Gnosticism
Gnosticism (from Ancient Greek: γνωστικός gnostikos, "learned", from γνῶσις gnōsis, knowledge) describes a collection of ancient religions whose adherents shunned the material world - which they ...
Arianism
Arianism is the nontrinitarian, heterodoxical teaching, first attributed to Arius (c. AD 250–336), a Christian presbyter in Alexandria, Egypt, concerning the relationship of God the Father to the Son ...
Arianism - Wikipedia
Edict of Milan
The Edict of Milan refers to the February 313 AD agreement to treat Christians benevolently within the Roman Empire. Western Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius, who controlled the Balkans, met ...
First Council of Nicaea
The First Council of Nicaea (/naɪˈsiːə/; Greek: Νίκαια [ˈni:kaɪja]) was a council of Christian bishops convened in Nicaea in Bithynia by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325. This first ecum...
First Council of Nicaea - Wikipedia
First Council of Ephesus
The Council of Ephesus was a council of Christian bishops convened in Ephesus (near present-day Selçuk in Turkey) in AD 431 by the Roman Emperor Theodosius II. This third ecumenical council, an effor...
First Council of Ephesus - Wikipedia
Nestorian Schism
In church history, the Nestorian Schism of 431AD to 544AD involved a split between the Christian churches of Sassanid Persia, which affiliated with Nestorius, and churches that rejected him. The schis...
Nestorian Schism - Wikipedia
Council of Chalcedon
The Council of Chalcedon (/kælˈsiːdən/ or /ˈkælsɨdɒn/) was a church council held from October 8 to November 1, AD 451, at Chalcedon (a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor), on the Asian side of the Bosporu...
History of Oriental Orthodoxy
Oriental Orthodoxy is the communion of Eastern Christian Churches that recognize only three ecumenical councils — the First Council of Nicaea, the First Council of Constantinople and the Council of Ep...
History of Oriental Orthodoxy - Wikipedia
Acacian schism
The Acacian schism between the Eastern and Western Christian Churches lasted thirty-five years, from 484–519. It resulted from a drift in the leaders of Eastern Christianity toward Monophysitism, and ...
Armenian Apostolic Church
The Armenian Apostolic Church (Armenian: Հայ Առաքելական Եկեղեցի, Hay Aṙak’elakan Yekeġetsi) is the world's oldest national church. It is part of Oriental Orthodoxy and is one of the most ancient ...
Armenian Apostolic Church - Wikipedia
Second Council of Nicaea
The Second Council of Nicaea is recognized as the seventh of the first seven ecumenical councils by both West and East. Orthodox, Catholics, and Old Catholics unanimously recognize it; Protestant opi...
Second Council of Nicaea - Wikipedia
Fourth Council of Constantinople (Roman Catholic)
The Fourth Council of Constantinople (Roman Catholic) was the eighth Catholic Ecumenical Council held in Constantinople from October 5, 869, to February 28, 870. It included 102 bishops, three papal l...
Fourth Council of Constantinople (Eastern Orthodox)
The Fourth Council of Constantinople, accepted by some Eastern Orthodox as the Eighth Ecumenical Council, was held in 879–880. It confirmed the reinstatement of Photius as Patriarch of Constantinople....
Filioque
Filioque ([filiˈɔkwe]), Latin for "and (from) the Son", is a phrase included in some forms of the Nicene Creed though not all, and which has been the subject of great controversy between Eastern and W...
Filioque - Wikipedia
East–West Schism
The East–West Schism is the break of communion between what are now the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches which began in the 11th century.There had long been ecclesiastical differences and ...
East–West Schism - Wikipedia
Papal election, 1130
The papal election of February 14, 1130 was convoked after the death of Pope Honorius II and resulted in a double election. Part of the cardinals, led by Cardinal-Chancellor Aymeric de la Chatre, elec...
Papal election, 1130 - Wikipedia
Papal election, 1159
The Papal election of 4–7 September 1159 followed the death of Pope Adrian IV. It resulted in a double election. A majority of the cardinals elected Cardinal Rolando of Siena as Pope Alexander III, bu...
Papal election, 1159 - Wikipedia
Second Council of Lyon
The Second Council of Lyon was the fourteenth ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, convoked on 31 March 1272 and convened in Lyon, France, in 1272–1274. Pope Gregory X presided over the council,...
Second Council of Lyon - Wikipedia
Western Schism
The Western Schism or Papal Schism was a split within the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417. Several men simultaneously claimed to be the true pope. Driven by politics rather than any theologica...
Western Schism - Wikipedia
Council of Constance
The Council of Constance is the 15th century ecumenical council recognized by the Roman Catholic Church, held from 1414 to 1418. The council ended the Three-Popes Controversy, by deposing or accepting...
Council of Constance - Wikipedia
Council of Florence
The Seventeenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church was convoked as the Council of Basel (Basle in the once-preferred English spelling) by Pope Martin V shortly before his death in Februar...
Council of Florence - Wikipedia
Protestant Reformation
The Protestant Reformation, often referred to simply as the Reformation, was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli and other early Protestant...
Protestant Reformation - Wikipedia
Anabaptist
Anabaptists (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "over again" and βαπτισμός "baptism") were Christians of the Reformation of 16th century Europe who believed in delaying bapt...
Anabaptist - Wikipedia
English Reformation
The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th-century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Catholic Church.These events were, in part, asso...
English Reformation - Wikipedia