Scientific racism
Scientific racism is the use of scientific techniques and hypotheses to support or justify the belief in racism, racial inferiority, or racial superiority, or alternatively the practice of classifying...
Scientific racism - Wikipedia
High-Pitched Voice Theory - Neanderthal
Vocal experts examine the first full skeleton of a neanderthal ever to be discovered and uncover insights into the most likely sound our primitive cousins wo...
Race (historical definitions)
Historical race concepts have varied across cultures and over time, and have been controversial for social, political and scientific reasons. Until the 19th century, race was thought by many to consti...
Race (historical definitions) - Wikipedia
Historical definitions of race
Historical race concepts have varied across cultures and over time, and have been controversial for social, political and scientific reasons. Until the 19th century, race was thought by many to consti...
Historical definitions of race - Wikipedia
Craniometry
Craniometry is measurement of the cranium (the main part of the skull), usually the human cranium. It is a subset of cephalometry, measurement of the head. It is distinct from phrenology, the pseudosc...
Craniometry - Wikipedia
Biological anthropology
Biological anthropology, also known as physical anthropology, is a scientific discipline concerned with the biological and behavioral aspects of human beings, their related non-human primates and thei...
Biological anthropology - Wikipedia
Monogenism
Monogenism or sometimes monogenesis is the theory of human origins which posits a common descent for all human races. The negation of monogenism is polygenism. This issue was hotly debated in the West...
Polygenism
Polygenism is a theory of human origins positing that the human races are of different origins (polygenesis). This is opposite to the idea of monogenism, which posits a single origin of humanity.
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Polygenism - Wikipedia
Carnegie Commission on the Poor White Problem in South Africa
"The Poor White Problem in South Africa: Report of the Carnegie Commission" (1932) was a study of poverty among white South Africans that made recommendations about segregation that some have argued w...
Racial policy of Nazi Germany
The racial policy of Nazi Germany was a set of policies and laws implemented by Nazi Germany, asserting the superiority of the "Aryan race", and based on a specific racist doctrine which claimed scien...
Racial policy of Nazi Germany - Wikipedia
Racial segregation in the United States
Racial segregation in the United States, as a general term, included the segregation or "hypersegregation" of facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employme...
Racial segregation in the United States - Wikipedia
Recent African origin of modern humans
In paleoanthropology, the recent African origin of modern humans, or the "Out of Africa" theory, is the most widely accepted model of the geographic origin and early migration of anatomically modern h...
Recent African origin of modern humans - Wikipedia
Samuel A. Cartwright
Samuel Adolphus Cartwright (November 3, 1793 – May 2, 1863) was a physician who practiced in Mississippi and Louisiana in the antebellum United States. Cartwright is best known as the inventor of the ...
Samuel A. Cartwright - Wikipedia
Human zoo
Human zoos, also called ethnological expositions, were 19th- and 20th-century public exhibits of humans, usually in a so-called natural or primitive state. The displays often emphasized the cultural d...
Human zoo - Wikipedia
The Mongol in Our Midst
The Mongol in Our Midst: A Study of Man and His Three Faces is a book by the British physician F. G. Crookshank that was first published in 1924. It advanced the now-discredited idea, then prevalent ...
Negro of Banyoles
The "negro of Banyoles" (Catalan: negre de Banyoles) was a controversial piece of taxidermy of a San person which used to be a major attraction in the Darder Museum of Banyoles (Catalonia, Spain)....
Ernst Haeckel
Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel ([ˈhɛkəl]; 16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor, and artist who discovered, described and named...
Ernst Haeckel - Wikipedia
Josiah C. Nott
Josiah Clark Nott (March 31, 1804 – March 31, 1873) was an American physician and surgeon. He was also an author of surgical, yellow fever, and racist theories.Nott was influenced by th...
Josiah C. Nott - Wikipedia
Jean Baptiste Julien d'Omalius d'Halloy
Jean Baptiste Julien d'Omalius d'Halloy (1783–1875) was a Belgian geologist. He also wrote on races.
He was born at Liège, Belgium on February 16, 1783. He was the only son of an ancient and noble...
Jean Baptiste Julien d'Omalius d'Halloy - Wikipedia
The Races of Europe (Ripley)
William Z. Ripley published in 1899 The Races of Europe: A Sociological Study, which grew out of a series of lectures he gave at the Lowell Institute at Columbia in 1896. Ripley believed that race was...
The Races of Europe (Ripley) - Wikipedia
Herbert Hope Risley
Sir Herbert Hope Risley KCIE CSI (4 January 1851 – 30 September 1911) was a British ethnographer and colonial administrator, a member of the Indian Civil Service who conducted extensive studies o...
Herbert Hope Risley - Wikipedia
Race and genetics
The relationship between race and genetics is relevant to the controversy concerning race. In everyday life many societies classify populations into groups based on phenotypical traits and impressions...
Race and genetics - Wikipedia
Robert Gayre
George Robert Gayre of Gayre and Nigg (6 August 1907 – 10 February 1996) was a Scottish anthropologist who founded Mankind Quarterly, a peer-reviewed academic journal which has been described as a "co...
Houston Stewart Chamberlain
Houston Stewart Chamberlain (9 September 1855 – 9 January 1927) was an English author of books on political philosophy, natural science and son-in-law of the German composer Richard Wagner; he is desc...
Houston Stewart Chamberlain - Wikipedia
Ludwig Woltmann
Ludwig Woltmann (born 18 February 1871 in Solingen; died 30 January 1907) was a German anthropologist, zoologist and Marxist theoretician.Ludwig Woltmann falls in the spiritual and ideological histor...
Bertil Lundman
Bertil J. Lundman (28 September 1899, Malmö – 5 November 1993) was a Swedish anthropologist. He is best known for having created a racial classification system of Europeans in his book The Races and P...
George Gliddon
George Robbins Gliddon (1809–1857) was an English-born American Egyptologist. He was born in Devonshire, England. His father, a merchant, was United States consul at Alexandria where Gliddon was taken...
Carl Hagenbeck
Carl Hagenbeck (June 10, 1844 – April 14, 1913) was a German merchant of wild animals who supplied many European zoos, as well as P. T. Barnum. He created the modern zoo with animal enclosures withou...
Carl Hagenbeck - Wikipedia
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (11 May 1752 – 22 January 1840) was a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist. He was one of the first to explore the study of mankind as an aspect ...
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach - Wikipedia
Neuroscience and intelligence
Neuroscience and intelligence concerns the various neurological factors that may be responsible for the variation of intelligence within a species or between different species. Much of the work in thi...