Scottish Reformation
The Scottish Reformation was the process by which Scotland broke with the Papacy and developed a predominately Calvinist national kirk, which was strongly Presbyterian in outlook. It was part of the w...
Scottish Reformation - Wikipedia
Church of Scotland
The Church of Scotland (Scots: The Scots Kirk, Scottish Gaelic: Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church in Scotland. It is Protestant ...
Church of Scotland - Wikipedia
Lords of the Congregation
The Lords of the Congregation, originally styling themselves "the Faithful Congregation of Christ Jesus in Scotland", were a group of Protestant Scottish nobles who in the mid-16th century favoured a ...
Scotland and the Thirty Years' War
Scotland and the Thirty Years' War deals with the complicated involvement of the kingdom of Scotland in the Thirty Years' War of 1618-1648. Scotland and Scots were heavily entangled in both the diplom...
Scotland and the Thirty Years' War - Wikipedia
James Croft
Sir James Croft PC (c.1518–4 September 1590) was an English politician, who was Lord Deputy of Ireland, and MP for Herefordshire in the Parliament of England.
He was born the second but eldest sur...
Siege of Leith
The Siege of Leith ended a twelve-year encampment of French troops at Leith, the port near Edinburgh, Scotland. The French troops arrived by invitation in 1548 and left in 1560 after an English force ...
Siege of Leith - Wikipedia
Jacques de la Brosse
Jacques de la Brosse, (c. 1485–1562), cupbearer to the king, was a sixteenth-century French soldier and diplomat. He is remembered in Scotland for his missions in 1543 and 1560 in support of the Auld ...
Robert Sempill, 4th Lord Sempill
Robert Sempill, 4th Lord Sempill, (d.1611), Scottish Lord of Parliament.Robert Sempill succeeded his grandfather as Lord Sempill in 1576, his father, Robert Sempill, Master of Sempill, having died in ...
Robert Sempill, 4th Lord Sempill - Wikipedia
Cupar Muir
Cupar Muir is a small settlement consisting of a few roads and around 35 houses. It is situated beside the town of Cupar in Fife.
John Knox and Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie described a confrontati...
Cupar Muir - Wikipedia
Scottish Reformation Parliament
The Scottish Reformation Parliament is the name given to the Scottish Parliament commencing in 1560 that passed the major pieces of legislation establishing the Scottish Reformation, most importantly ...
Scottish Reformation Parliament - Wikipedia
Archibald Fletcher (reformer)
Archibald Fletcher (1746–1828), was a Scottish reformer.Fletcher was descended from the highland clan of Fletcher, his ancestors, according to tradition, being the first who ‘had raised smoke or boile...
Jimmy McGregor
Sir James David McGregor, OBE, ISO, JP (30 January 1924, Edinburgh, Scotland — 14 July 2014, Vancouver, Canada) was the former official of the Colonial Government of Hong Kong and member of the Execut...
John Cockburn of Ormiston
John Cockburn, (d. 1583) laird of Ormiston, East Lothian, Scotland, was an early supporter of the Scottish Reformation. He was the eldest son of William Cockburn of Ormiston and Janet Somerville. Joh...
John Cockburn of Ormiston - Wikipedia
Nicolas de Pellevé
Nicolas de Pellevé (1518–1594) was a French archbishop and Cardinal. He was a major figure of the Catholic League.He was a courtier of Henry II of France, and then of Cardinal Charles de Lorraine-Guis...
Nicolas de Pellevé - Wikipedia
Robert Sempill, 3rd Lord Sempill
Robert Sempill, 3rd Lord Sempill (c. 1505–1576) was a Scottish lord of Parliament.Robert, also Semphill or Semple, 3rd Lord Sempill (d. 1572), commonly called the 'Great Lord Sempill,' was the elder s...
Robert Sempill, 3rd Lord Sempill - Wikipedia
William Kirkcaldy of Grange
Sir William Kirkcaldy of Grange (c. 1520 – 3 August 1573) was a Scottish politician and soldier who fought for the Scottish Reformation but ended his career holding Edinburgh castle on behalf of ...
William Kirkcaldy of Grange - Wikipedia
Presbyterian church governance
Presbyterian (or presbyteral) polity is a method of church governance typified by the rule of assemblies of presbyters, or elders. Each local church is governed by a body of elected elders usually cal...
James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray
James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray (c. 1531 – 23 January 1570) a member of the House of Stewart as the illegitimate son of King James V, was Regent of Scotland for his nephew, the infant King James VI o...
James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray - Wikipedia
Beneath the Snow Encumbered Branches
Beneath the Snow Encumbered Branches is a 1901 oil on canvas work by Scottish painter Joseph Farquharson. Its whereabouts were unknown between it going on public display in 1901 and the 1960s, when i...
Beneath the Snow Encumbered Branches - Wikipedia
James Hamilton, 3rd Earl of Arran
James Hamilton, 3rd Earl of Arran (c1532–1609) was a Scottish nobleman and soldier who opposed the French-dominated regency during the Scottish Reformation. He was the eldest son of James Hamilt...
James Hamilton, 3rd Earl of Arran - Wikipedia
Corbeyran de Cardaillac Sarlabous
Corbeyran de Cardaillac de Sarlabous was a 16th-century French soldier who served in Scotland as Captain of Dunbar Castle, and was Governor of Le Havre for twenty years. He was usually called Captain ...
Corbeyran de Cardaillac Sarlabous - Wikipedia
Patrick Gray, 4th Lord Gray
Patrick Gray, 4th Lord Gray (c. 1518 -1584) was a Scottish landowner and Sheriff of Angus, active during the war of the Rough Wooing as a supporter of the Scottish Reformation.
Patrick Gray was th...
Crown Matrimonial
In law, the Crown Matrimonial is a person's right to co-reign equally with his or her spouse.The Crown Matrimonial was sought by King Francis II of France, husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, by the Parl...
Anti-Burgher
The Anti-Burghers were opponents of the Burgher Oath on theological grounds.In 1733 the First Secession from the Church of Scotland resulted in the creation of the "Associate Presbytery". This church ...
Anti-Burgher - Wikipedia
Ralph Sadler
Sir Ralph Sadler, (also Sadleir, Sadlier) PC, Knight banneret (1507 – 30 March 1587) was an English statesman, who served Henry VIII as Privy Councillor, Secretary of State and ambassador to Scotland....
Ralph Sadler - Wikipedia
Gilles de Noailles
Gilles de Noailles, abbé de l'Isle (1524–1600) was French Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1575 to 1579. He was the brother of his predecessor as ambassador, François de Noailles, and was succeed...
Gilles de Noailles - Wikipedia
Henry Balnaves
Henry Balnaves (1512? – February 1570) was a Scottish politician, Lord Justice Clerk, and religious reformer.
Born in Kirkcaldy, Fife, around 1512, he was educated at the University of St Andrews ...
Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll
Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll (1532/1537 – 12 September 1573) was one of the leading figures in the politics of Scotland during the reign of Mary, Queen of Scots, and the early part of ...