Second Temple Judaism
Second Temple Judaism refers to the religion of Judaism during the Second Temple period, between the construction of the second Jewish temple in Jerusalem in 515 BCE, and its destruction by the Romans...
Babylonian captivity
The Babylonian captivity (or Babylonian exile) is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia. After the Battle of Carchemish ...
Babylonian captivity - Wikipedia
Hellenistic Judaism
Hellenistic Judaism was a form of Judaism in the ancient world that combined Jewish religious tradition with elements of Greek culture. Until the fall of the Roman Empire and the Muslim conquests of t...
Hellenistic Judaism - Wikipedia
Maccabees
The Maccabees, also spelled Machabees (Hebrew: מכבים or מקבים‎, Maqabim; Latin: Machabi or Machado; Greek: Μακκαβαῖοι, Makkabaioi), were the leaders of a Jewish rebel army that took cont...
Maccabees - Wikipedia
Hillel the Elder
Hillel (Hebrew: הלל; variously called Hillel HaGadol, or Hillel HaZaken, Hillel HaBavli or HaBavli; born Babylon traditionally c. 110 BCE, died 10 CE in Jerusalem) was a famous Jewish religious leader...
Hillel the Elder - Wikipedia
Hillel and Shammai
Hillel and Shammai were two leading sages of the last 1st century BCE and the early 1st century CE who founded opposing schools of Jewish thought, known as the House of Hillel and House of Shammai. Th...
Jewish Christian
Jewish Christians, also Hebrew Christians or Judeo-Christians, were the original members of the Jewish movement that later became Christianity. In the earliest stage the community was made up of all t...
Jewish-Roman wars
The Jewish–Roman wars were a series of large-scale revolts by the Jews of the Eastern Mediterranean against the Roman Empire between 66 and 135 CE. The revolts integrated nationalist, religious and et...
Jewish-Roman wars - Wikipedia
Third Temple
The Third Temple, or Ezekiel's Temple (Hebrew: בית המקדש השלישי‎: Beit haMikdash haShlishi  ), is a Jewish Holy Temple architecturally described and prophesied in the Book of Ezekiel, a hou...
Third Temple - Wikipedia
Jewish revolt against Heraclius
The Jewish revolt against Heraclius was the final in a series of Samaritan and Jewish revolts. The revolt was part of the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628. Many historians view this war as marking th...
Jewish revolt against Heraclius - Wikipedia
Biblical law in Christianity
The "Old Covenant", also referred to as the Mosaic covenant, the Law of Moses, divine law, Biblical law or God's Law, refers to the religious law codified in the first five books (Pentateuch) of the O...
Biblical law in Christianity - Wikipedia
Tumah and taharah
The Hebrew terms tumah and taharah refer to ritual "impurity and purity" under Jewish law. The Hebrew noun tum'ah (טָמְאָה) "impurity" describes a state of ritual impurity. A person or object which co...
Tumah and taharah - Wikipedia
Paul of Tarsus and Judaism
The relationship between Paul the Apostle and Second Temple Judaism continues to be the subject of much scholarly research, as it is thought that Paul played an important role in the relationship betw...
Paul of Tarsus and Judaism - Wikipedia
Woman with seven sons
The woman with seven sons was a Jewish martyr described in 2 Maccabees 7 and other sources. Although unnamed in 2 Maccabees, she is known variously as Hannah, Miriam, and Solomonia.
Shortly before...
Woman with seven sons - Wikipedia
Split of early Christianity and Judaism
The split of early Christianity and Judaism took place during the first centuries of the Common Era. It is commonly attributed to a number of events, including the rejection and crucifixion of Jesus (...
Split of early Christianity and Judaism - Wikipedia
Temple Mount
The Temple Mount, known in Hebrew as Har HaBáyit (Hebrew: הַר הַבַּיִת) or as Har HaMōriyā (Hebrew: הַר הַמוריה) and in Arabic as the Haram al-Sharif (Arabic: الحرم القدسي الشريف‎, al-ḥaram ...
Temple Mount - Wikipedia
Circumcision controversy in early Christianity
The Early Christian Council of Jerusalem did not include religious male circumcision as a requirement for new gentile converts. This became known as the "Apostolic Decree" and may be one of the first ...
Circumcision controversy in early Christianity - Wikipedia