Smoking and cancer
The health effects of tobacco are the circumstances, mechanisms, and factors by which tobacco consumption affects human health. Epidemiological research has been focused primarily on cigarette tobacco...
Smoking and cancer - Wikipedia
Smoking and pregnancy
Tobacco smoking and pregnancy is related to many effects on health and reproduction, in addition to the general health effects of tobacco. A number of studies have shown that tobacco use is a signific...
List of additives in cigarettes
This is the list of 599 additives in cigarettes submitted to the United States Department of Health and Human Services in April 1994. It applies, as documented, only to American manufactured cigarette...
Risk to children of passive smoking
Passive smoking is the inhalation of smoke, called second-hand smoke (SHS), or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), by persons other than the intended "active" smoker. It occurs when tobacco smoke perme...
Risk to children of passive smoking - Wikipedia
Smoking and breastfeeding
Breastfeeding difficulties refers to problems that arise from breastfeeding, the feeding of an infant or young child with milk from a woman's breasts. Although babies have a sucking reflex that enabl...
Smoking and male infertility
Male infertility refers to a male's inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female. In humans it accounts for 40-50% of infertility. It affects approximately 7% of all men. Male infertility is commo...
Smoking and female infertility
Female infertility refers to infertility in female humans. It affects an estimated 48 million women with the highest prevalence of infertility affecting people in South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Nort...