Sociology of scientific knowledge
The sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) is the study of science as a social activity, especially dealing with "the social conditions and effects of science, and with the social structures and proc...
Sociology of scientific knowledge - Wikipedia
Sokal affair
The Sokal affair, also called the Sokal hoax, was a publishing hoax perpetrated by Alan Sokal, a physics professor at New York University and University College London. In 1996, Sokal submitted an art...
John Law (sociologist)
John Law (born 16 May 1946), is a sociologist currently on the Faculty of Social Sciences at the Open University and key proponent of Actor-network theory. Actor-network theory, sometimes abbreviated ...
Trevor Pinch
Trevor J. Pinch (born 1 January 1952), is a British sociologist, part-time musician and former chair of the Science and Technology Studies department at Cornell University.
Pinch was born in Lisna...
Robert K. Merton
Robert King Merton (July 4, 1910 – February 23, 2003) was an American sociologist. He spent most of his career teaching at Columbia University, where he attained the rank of University Professor. In 1...
Brian Wynne
Brian Wynne (Born 14 January 1947) is Professor of Science Studies and Research Director of the Centre for the Study of Environmental Change (CSEC) at the University of Lancaster. His education includ...
Planck's principle
In sociology of scientific knowledge, Planck's principle is the view that scientific change does not occur because individual scientists change their mind, but rather that successive generations of sc...
Mode 2
Mode 2 is a term from the sociology of science which refers to the way (scientific) knowledge is produced. It contrasts with Mode 1 production of knowledge. In Mode 2 multidisciplinary teams are broug...
Politics of Nature
Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences Into Democracy (2004, ISBN 0-674-01289-5) is an influential book by the French theorist and philosopher of science Bruno Latour. The book is an English tr...
Ševčenko's law
Ševčenko's law or Ševčenko's law of the dog and the forest is the tendency of historians to repeat the coverage and the work of previous historians, to the disadvantage of general historical coverage....
Inevitability thesis
Inevitability thesis is term that has been applied to a number of theories, including:
Science in Action
Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society (ISBN 0-674-79291-2) is an influential book by Bruno Latour. The English edition was published in 1987 by Harvard University P...
Laboratory Life
Laboratory Life: The Construction of Scientific Facts is a 1979 book by sociologists of science Bruno Latour and Steve Woolgar. This influential book in the field of science studies presents an anthro...
Laboratory Life - Wikipedia
Standing on the shoulders of giants
The metaphor of dwarfs standing on the shoulders of giants (Latin: nanos gigantum humeris insidentes) expresses the meaning of "discovering truth by building on previous discoveries". While it ca...
Standing on the shoulders of giants - Wikipedia
Mathematical folklore
As the term is understood by mathematicians, folk mathematics or mathematical folklore means theorems, definitions, proofs, or mathematical facts or techniques that are found by investigation and may ...
Stigler's law of eponymy
Stigler's law of eponymy is a process proposed by University of Chicago statistics professor Stephen Stigler in his 1980 publication "Stigler’s law of eponymy". In its simplest and strongest form it ...
Steven Yearley
Steve Yearley (born 6 September 1956), is a British sociologist, Professor of the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge at the University of Edinburgh, a post he has held since 2005. He is seconded from ...
Steven Yearley - Wikipedia
We Have Never Been Modern
We Have Never Been Modern is a 1991 book by Bruno Latour, originally published in French as Nous n'avons jamais été modernes : Essai d'anthropologie symétrique (English translation: 1993).The boo...
Massimo Negrotti
Massimo Negrotti has been Full Professor of Methodology of Human Sciences at the Universities of Parma and Genoa since 1980, and currently also teaches at the University of Urbino 'Carlo Bo', where he...
Matilda effect
The Matilda effect is the systematic repression and denial of the contribution of women scientists in research, whose work is often attributed to their male colleagues. This effect was first describe...
Matilda effect - Wikipedia
Physics envy
In science, the term physics envy is used to criticize a tendency (perceived or real) of softer sciences and liberal arts to try to obtain mathematical expressions of their fundamental concepts, as an...
Technological determinism
Technological determinism is a reductionist theory that presumes that a society's technology drives the development of its social structure and cultural values. The term is believed to have been coine...
Sal Restivo
Sal Restivo (born 1940) is a sociologist/anthropologist. He is a leading contributor to science studies and in particular to the sociology of mathematical knowledge. His current work focuses on the so...
Ortega hypothesis
The Ortega hypothesis holds that average or mediocre scientists contribute substantially to the advancement of science. According to this hypothesis, scientific progress occurs mainly by the accumulat...
Instrumental conception of technology
The instrumental conception of technology is Mary Tiles' and Hans Oberdiek's description of the theory that technological artefacts are value neutral. They attribute this belief to optimists, for whom...
Informal mathematics
Informal mathematics, also called naïve mathematics, has historically been the predominant form of mathematics at most times and in most cultures, and is the subject of modern ethno-cultural studies o...
Steve Woolgar
Stephen Woolgar (born 14 February 1950), is a British sociologist. He has worked closely with Bruno Latour, with whom he wrote Laboratory Life: the Social Construction of Scientific Facts (1979).
...
Bruno Latour
Bruno Latour ([latuʁ]; born 22 June 1947) is a French philosopher, anthropologist and sociologist of science. He is especially known for his work in the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS)...
Bruno Latour - Wikipedia
Social construction of technology
Social construction of technology (also referred to as SCOT) is a theory within the field of Science and Technology Studies. Advocates of SCOT—that is, social constructivists—argue that technology doe...