Spanish American wars of independence
The Spanish American wars of independence were the numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America that took place during the early 19th century, after the French invasion of Spain during Europe...
Spanish American wars of independence - Wikipedia
Peninsular War
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between the First French Empire and the allied powers of Spain, Britain and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic W...
Peninsular War - Wikipedia
Abdications of Bayonne
The Abdications of Bayonne is the name given to a series of forced abdications of the Kings of Spain that led to the Spanish War of Independence (1808-1814), which must not be confused with the Penins...
Retroversion of the sovereignty to the people
The Retroversion of the sovereignty to the people, which challenged the legitimacy of the colonial authorities, was the principle underlying the Spanish American Independence processes. Thus, in both ...
Retroversion of the sovereignty to the people - Wikipedia
Chuquisaca Revolution
The Chuquisaca Revolution was a popular uprising on 25 May 1809 against the governor and intendant of Chuquisaca (today Sucre), Ramón García León de Pizarro. The Real Audiencia of Charcas, with suppor...
Chuquisaca Revolution - Wikipedia
La Paz revolution
The city of La Paz (modern Bolivia, then part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata) experimented a revolution in 1809 that deposed Spanish authorities and declared independence. It is considered ...
La Paz revolution - Wikipedia
Luz de América
The Ecuadorian War of Independence was fought from 1820 to 1822 between several South American armies and Spain over control of the lands of the Royal Audience of Quito, a Spanish colonial administrat...
Luz de América - Wikipedia
Patria Vieja
Patria Vieja ([ˈpatɾja ˈβjexa], Old Fatherland) refers to a time period in the History of Chile occurring between the First Junta of the Government (September 18, 1810) and the Disaster of Rancagua (O...
Patria Vieja - Wikipedia
May Revolution
The May Revolution (Spanish: Revolución de Mayo) was a week-long series of events that took place from May 18 to 25, 1810, in Buenos Aires, capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Pl...
May Revolution - Wikipedia
Patria Boba
The period between 1810 and 1816 in the Viceroyalty of New Granada (today Colombia) was marked by such intense conflicts over the nature of the new government or governments that it became known as la...
First Republic of Venezuela
The First Republic of Venezuela (Primera República de Venezuela in Spanish) was the first independent government of Venezuela, lasting from 19 April 1810, to 25 July 1812. The period of the First Repu...
First Republic of Venezuela - Wikipedia
1811 Independence Movement
The 1811 Independence Movement known in El Salvador as the Primer grito de independencia (First Shout of Independence) was the first of a series of revolts in Central America in El Salvador against Sp...
1811 Independence Movement - Wikipedia
José María Morelos
José María Teclo Morelos y Pavón  xoˈse maˈɾi.a ˈteklo moˈɾelos i paˈβon (September 30, 1765, City of Valladolid, now Morelia, Michoacán – December 22, 1815, San Cristóbal Ecatepec, S...
José María Morelos - Wikipedia
José Gervasio Artigas
José Gervasio Artigas Arnal (June 19, 1764 – September 23, 1850) is a national hero of Uruguay, sometimes called "the father of Uruguayan nationhood".
Artigas was born in Montevideo on June 1...
José Gervasio Artigas - Wikipedia
Reconquista (Spanish America)
In colonial Spanish America, the Reconquista refers to the period following the defeat of Napoleon in 1814 during which royalist armies were able to gain the upper hand in the Spanish American wars of...
Reconquista (Spanish America) - Wikipedia
Crossing of the Andes
The Crossing of the Andes was one of the most important feats in the Argentine and Chilean wars of independence, in which a combined army of Argentine soldiers and Chilean exiles invaded Chile leadi...
Crossing of the Andes - Wikipedia
Bolívar's campaign to liberate New Granada
Bolívar's campaign to liberate New Granada of 1819-1820 was part of the Colombian and Venezuelan wars of independence and was one of the many military campaigns Simón Bolívar fought in them. Bolívar's...
Bolívar's campaign to liberate New Granada - Wikipedia
Trienio Liberal
The Trienio Liberal ([ˈtɾjenjo liβeˈɾal], "Liberal Triennium") was a period of three years of liberal government in Spain. After the revolution of 1820 the movement spread quickly to the rest of Spain...
Trienio Liberal - Wikipedia
First Mexican Empire
The Mexican Empire (Spanish: Imperio Mexicano) was the first independent post-colonial state in Mexico. It was the only former colony of the Spanish Empire to establish a monarchy after independen...
Federal Republic of Central America
The Federal Republic of Central America (Spanish: República Federal de Centro América), also called United Provinces of Central America in its first year of creation, was a sovereign state in Cent...
Federal Republic of Central America - Wikipedia
Military career of Simón Bolívar
The military and political career of Simón Bolívar, (July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830), which included both formal service in the armies of various revolutionary regimes and actions organized b...
Military career of Simón Bolívar - Wikipedia
José de San Martín
José Francisco de San Martín (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), known simply as José de San Martín ([xoˈse ðe san marˈtin]), was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part o...
José de San Martín - Wikipedia
Antonio José de Sucre
Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá ([anˈtonjo xoˈse ðe ˈsukɾe j alkaˈla]; 1795–1830), known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho" (English: "Grand Marshal of Ayacucho"), was a Venezuelan independence lea...
Antonio José de Sucre - Wikipedia
Argentine War of Independence
The Argentine War of Independence was fought from 1810 to 1818 by Argentine patriotic forces under Manuel Belgrano, Juan José Castelli and José de San Martín against royalist forces loyal to the Span...
Argentine War of Independence - Wikipedia
Bolivian War of Independence
The Bolivian war of independence began in 1809 with the establishment of government juntas in Sucre and La Paz, after the Chuquisaca Revolution and La Paz revolution. These Juntas were defeated shortl...
Bolivian War of Independence - Wikipedia
Chilean War of Independence
The Chilean War of Independence was an armed conflict between pro-independence Chilean criollos seeking political and economic independence from Spain and royalist criollos supporting continued allegi...
Chilean War of Independence - Wikipedia
Mexican War of Independence
The Mexican War of Independence (Spanish: Guerra de Independencia de México) was an armed conflict, and the culmination of a political and social process which ended the rule of Spain in the terri...
Mexican War of Independence - Wikipedia