Francisco Verdugo
Francisco Verdugo, Spanish military commander in the Dutch Revolt, born in 1537 in (Talavera de la Reina, province of Toledo, died in Luxembourg, 1595), became Maestre de Campo General, in the Spanish...
Francisco Verdugo - Wikipedia
Juan Gutiérrez de Garibay
Don Juan Gutiérrez de Garibay was a famous Spanish naval commander, Admiral of the Spanish navy, and commander-in-chief of the Spanish treasure fleet, during the Anglo–Spanish War (1585–1604), the Eig...
Relaciones geográficas
Relaciones geográficas are a series of elaborate questionnaires distributed to the lands of King Philip II of Spain in the Viceroyalty of New Spain in North America. They were done so, upon his demand...
Morisco rebellions in Granada
In southern Spain, following the conquest of Granada city in 1492 by the "Catholic Monarchs" - Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabel of Castile - the Moorish inhabitants of the city and province twice revolt...
Morisco rebellions in Granada - Wikipedia
Martín de Padilla y Manrique, 1st Count of Santa Gadea
Martín de Padilla y Manrique, 1st Count of Santa Gadea, Adelantado of Castile, (Calatañazor, present-day Castile and León, 1540 – El Puerto de Santa María, 1602), secretary of state and war of Philip ...
Martín de Padilla y Manrique, 1st Count of Santa Gadea - Wikipedia
Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal
Maria Manuela (15 October 1527–12 July 1545) was the eldest daughter and second child of King John III of Portugal and his wife Catherine of Austria. She was Princess of Asturias as the first wi...
Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal - Wikipedia
Herman van den Bergh
Herman, Count van den Bergh (2 August 1558, Huis Bergh, 's-Heerenberg, Gelderland – 12 August 1611, Spa) was a Dutch soldier in the Eighty Years' War, knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece an...
Jean Richardot
Jean Grusset dict Richardot, knight (1540 - 3 September 1609) was a statesman and diplomat from the Franche-Comté, who held high political office during the Dutch Revolt and played an important role i...
Portuguese succession crisis of 1580
The Portuguese succession crisis of 1580 (Portuguese: Crise de sucessão de 1580) came about as a result of the death of young King Sebastian I of Portugal in the Battle of Alcácer Quibir in 1578. ...
Charles Philippe de Croÿ, Marquis d’Havré
Charles Philippe of Croÿ (1 September 1549 – Burgundy, 23 November 1613), Marquis of Havré, was a military and politician from the Southern Netherlands.
He was the son of Philippe II de Croÿ and h...
Charles Philippe de Croÿ, Marquis d’Havré - Wikipedia
Frederik van den Bergh (1559–1618)
Frederik van den Bergh (18 August 1559, Ulft–3 September 1618, Boxmeer) was a soldier in the Eighty Years' War. His titles included Lord of Boxmeer.
In 1584 he, his brothers Herman and Hendrik and...
Frederik van den Bergh (1559–1618) - Wikipedia
Joseph Nasi
Don Joseph Nasi (or Nassi; also known as João Miques/Micas and Dom João Migas Mendes in a Portuguese variant, Giuseppe Nasi in Italian, and as Yasef Nassi in Ottoman Turkish; 1524, Portugal – 1579, Co...
Joseph Nasi - Wikipedia
Jean Richardot the Younger
Jean Richardot the Younger (Mechelen 7 October 1570 - Cambrai 28 February 1614) was bishop of Arras (1602–1609) and prince-archbishop of Cambrai, duke of Cambrai and count of the Cambrésis (1609–1614)...
Jean Richardot the Younger - Wikipedia
Act for the Marriage of Queen Mary to Philip of Spain
The Act for the Marriage of Queen Mary to Philip of Spain or Queen Mary's Marriage Act (1 Mar. Sess. 3 c. 2) was passed by the Parliament of England in April 1554 to regulate the future marriage and j...
Act for the Marriage of Queen Mary to Philip of Spain - Wikipedia
Diego Osorio Villegas
Diego de Osorio y Villegas (1540 in Villasandino – 1601 in Santo Domingo) was a sixteenth-century governor of Venezuela Province (1589–1597), the Venezuela Province being a part of the Spa...
Juan de Jáuregui
Juan de Jáuregui (1562 – March 18, 1582) was killed trying to assassinate Prince William I of Orange. He was a Biscayan by his birth in Bilbao.In 1582, he was in the service of a Spanish fur merchant,...
Juan de Jáuregui - Wikipedia
Ferdinand de Boisschot
Ferdinand van Boisschot (1560s, Brussels - 24 November 1649, Brussels) was a Netherlandish jurist and diplomat, and chancellor of the Duchy of Brabant.His father, Jan Baptist van Boisschot, was a memb...
Ferdinand de Boisschot - Wikipedia
Jan van Stirum
Count Jan van Stirum (Borculo, 1567 - ?, 1613) was a Dutch figure of the Eighty Years' War. Originally a canon in Cologne, he later moved to serve in the military of the Spanish Empire, rising th...
Jan van Stirum - Wikipedia
Luis de Requesens y Zúñiga
Luis de Requesens y Zúñiga also known as Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens (1528 – 5 March 1576) was a Spanish politician and diplomat.
Luis de Requesens y Zúñiga was born at Molins de Rei. He, and his...
Luis de Requesens y Zúñiga - Wikipedia
Julian Romero
Julián Romero de Ibarrola (Huélamo, 1518 – Cremona, 1577) was a Spanish military commander in the 16th century. He was one of the few common soldiers in the Spanish army to reach the rank of Mae...
Julian Romero - Wikipedia
Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain
Anna of Austria (1 November 1549 – 26 October 1580) was Queen of Spain by virtue of her marriage to her uncle, King Philip II of Spain.
She was the eldest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian...
Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain - Wikipedia
Matthijs Dulken
Matthijs, Matthias or Matheus van Dulcken was mayor of Roermond in 1610, 1616 and 1629. In 1627 he was the Spanish governor of Grol (Groenlo), and licentmeester of Upper Guelders. He commanded Groenlo...
Manuel de Moura, 2nd Marquis of Castelo Rodrigo
Manuel de Moura e Corte-Real, 2nd Marquis of Castel Rodrigo, (Portuguese: Dom Manoel de Moura e Côrte-Real), (1590 – 28 January 1651), was Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1644 to ...
Manuel de Moura, 2nd Marquis of Castelo Rodrigo - Wikipedia
Cristóbal de Mondragón
Cristóbal de Mondragón y Mercado (Christoffel van Mondragon) (1514- 4 January 1596) was a Spanish general during the Eighty Years' War.He was a prominent military figure of the sixteenth century, and...
Cristóbal de Mondragón - Wikipedia
Maria of Nassau (1539–1599)
Maria (Dillenburg, 18 March 1539 - Kasteel Ulft, 28 May 1599), Countess of Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Vianden and Dietz, was a Dutch noblewoman.
She was the second daughter of William I, Count of Na...
Philip II of Spain
Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II «el Prudente»; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581 (as Philip I, Felipe I). From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sic...
Philip II of Spain - Wikipedia
René van Renesse van Elderen
René van Renesse van Elderen (ca. 1580 – Liège, 17 April 1637) was a Dutch nobleman.
He was the son of Willem van Renesse van Elderen. He was count of Warfusée, burgrave of Montenaken and l...
René van Renesse van Elderen - Wikipedia
Alonso de Bazán
Don Alonso de Bazán, son of Don Álvaro de Bazán the Elder, Marquis del Viso, and brother of Don Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz, was a famous Spanish naval commander during the Anglo–Spanis...
Albert VII, Archduke of Austria
Albert VII (13 November 1559 – 13 July 1621) was the ruling Archduke of Austria for a few months in 1619 and, jointly with his wife, Isabella Clara Eugenia, sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands...
Albert VII, Archduke of Austria - Wikipedia