Spartan hegemony
The polis of Sparta was the greatest military land power of classical Greek antiquity. During the classical period, Sparta governed, dominated or influenced the entire Peloponnese. Additionally, the d...
Corinthian War
The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states, Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos, which were initially ba...
Corinthian War - Wikipedia
Boeotian War
The Boeotian or Theban War broke out in 378 BCE as the result of a revolt in Thebes against Sparta. The war would last six years.
In 378 BCE a revolt in Thebes led to the assassination of the rul...
Boeotian War - Wikipedia
Phlius
Phlius (/ˈflaɪəs/; Ancient Greek: Φλειοῦς, Phleious) was a Greek city in the northwestern Argolid (now in modern Corinthia, near Nemea), in the Peloponnese, said to be named after the Greek hero ...
Phlius - Wikipedia
Peisander (general)
Peisander (Greek: Πείσανδρος) was a Spartan general during the Corinthian War. In 395 BC, he was placed in command of the Spartan fleet in the Aegean by his half-brother, the king Agesilaus II. Pe...
Clearchus of Sparta
Clearchus or Clearch (Ancient Greek: Κλέαρχος), the son of Rhamphias, was a Spartan general and mercenary.Born about the middle of the 5th century BC, Clearchus was sent with a fleet to the Helle...
Pausanias II of Sparta
Pausanias (Greek: Παυσανίας) was the King of Sparta from 409 BC. He was the son of the Agiad king Pleistoanax. He was in frequent conflict with the ephors. Aristotle said that he tried to overthrow t...
Eratosthenes (statesman)
Eratosthenes of Athens (Greek: Ἐρατοσθένης) was one of the Thirty Tyrants elected to rule the city of Athens after the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC).Having lost the war to the Spartans, the citizens ...
Eratosthenes (statesman) - Wikipedia
Thirty Tyrants
The Thirty Tyrants (Ancient Greek: οἱ τριάκοντα τύραννοι, oi triákonta týrannoi) were a pro-Spartan oligarchy installed in Athens after its defeat in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BCE. Upon Lysand...
Battle of Aegospotami
The naval Battle of Aegospotami (/iːɡəˈspɒtəmaɪ/) took place in 405 BC and was the last major battle of the Peloponnesian War. In the battle, a Spartan fleet under Lysander destroyed the Athenian navy...
Battle of Aegospotami - Wikipedia
Against Eratosthenes
Against Eratosthenes is a speech by Lysias, one of the ten Attic orators. In the speech, Lysias accuses Eratosthenes, a member of the Thirty Tyrants who ruled Athens following the Peloponnesian War, o...
Lysander
Lysander (/laɪˈsændər/ or /ˈlaɪˌsændər/; died 395 BC, Greek: Λύσανδρος, Lýsandros) was a Spartan admiral who commanded the Spartan fleet in the Hellespont which defeated the Athenians at Aegospota...
Lysander - Wikipedia
Theognis (tyrant)
Theognis (Greek: Θέογνις) was a member of the Thirty Tyrants of Athens (Xenophon, Hellenica 2.3.2; Lysias 12.6). Lysias was able to escape from the house of Damnippus, where Theognis was guarding othe...
Theognis (tyrant) - Wikipedia
Battle of Coronea (394 BC)
The Battle of Coronea in 394 BC was a battle in the Corinthian War, in which the Spartans and their allies under King Agesilaus II defeated a force of Thebans and Argives that was attempting to block ...
Peloponnesian League
The Peloponnesian League was an alliance in the Peloponnesus from the 6th to the 4th centuries BC. It is known mainly for being one of the two rivals in the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC).
By the...
Theogenes
There are at least three extant uses of the name "Theogenes" (Greek: Θεογένης) referenced in the literature of ancient Greece in surviving literature which appear to describe different persons. These ...
Theogenes - Wikipedia
Charicles
Charicles (Greek: Χαρικλῆς), son of Apollodorus, was an ancient Athenian politician, notorious for his role as one of the Thirty Tyrants. His actual role within the Thirty may have been somewhat over...
Sphodrias
Sphodrias (Greek: Σφοδρίας) (4th century BC) was a Spartan general during the period of Greek history known as the Spartan hegemony. In 379 BC, he was in command of a garrison in the Spartan-occu...
Timocrates of Rhodes
Timocrates of Rhodes (Greek: Τιμοκράτης) was a Rhodian Greek sent by the Persian satrap Pharnabazus in 396 or 395 BC to distribute money to Greek city states and foment opposition to Sparta. He visit...
Stesicles
Stesicles was an Athenian general sent in 373 BC with a force of some 600 targeteers to aid the democratic party at Corcyra against the Spartans under Mnasippus. A more effective armament of 60 ships...
Peace of Antalcidas
The Peace of Antalcidas (387 BC), also known as the King's Peace, was a peace treaty guaranteed by the Persian King Artaxerxes II that ended the Corinthian War in ancient Greece. The treaty's alternat...
Decarchy
The polis of Sparta was the greatest military land power of classical Greek antiquity. During the classical period, Sparta governed, dominated or influenced the entire Peloponnese. Additionally, the d...
Theramenes
Theramenes (/θɨˈræmɨniːz/; Greek: Θηραμένης; died 404 BC) was an Athenian statesman, prominent in the final decade of the Peloponnesian War. He was particularly active during the two periods of oligar...
Theramenes - Wikipedia
Cleombrotus I
Cleombrotus I (Greek: Κλεόμβροτος Α΄; died July 6, 371 BC) was a Spartan king of the Agiad line, reigning from 380 BC until 371 BC. Little is known of Cleombrotus' early life. Son of Pausanias, he...
Cleombrotus I - Wikipedia
Critias
Critias (/ˈkrɪtiəs/; Greek: Κριτίας, Kritias; c. 460 – 403 BC) was an ancient Athenian political figure and author. Born in Athens, Critias was the son of Callaeschrus and a first cousin of Plato's m...
Long Walls
The Long Walls (Greek: Μακρὰ Τείχη), in Ancient Greece, were walls built from a city to its port, providing a secure connection to the sea even during times of siege. Although long walls were bui...
Long Walls - Wikipedia
Agesilaus II
Agesilaus II (/əˌdʒɛsəˈleɪəs/; Greek: Ἀγησίλαος Agesilaos; c. 444 – c. 360 BC), was a Eurypontid king of the Ancient Greek city-state of Sparta, ruling from approximately 400 BC to 360 BC, during most...
Agesilaus II - Wikipedia
Agesipolis I
Agesipolis I (Greek: Ἀγησίπολις Αʹ) was the twenty-first of the kings of the Agiad dynasty in ancient Sparta.Agesipolis succeeded his father Pausanias, while still a minor, in 394 BC, and reigned four...
Mnasippus
Mnasippus of Sparta (Greek: Μνάσιππος), was appointed to the command of the armament which was sent to Corcyra, in 373 BC, to recover the island from the Athenians. Having landed there, he ravaged...