Spontaneous order
Spontaneous order, also known as "self-organization", is the spontaneous emergence of order out of seeming chaos. It is a process found in physical, biological, and social networks, as well as economi...
BBC Video - The Secret Life of Chaos
Chaos theory has a bad name, conjuring up images of unpredictable weather, economic crashes and science gone wrong. But there is a fascinating and hidden side to Chaos, one that scientists are only no...
Starling - Earthflight (Winged Planet) - Peregrine Falcon Hunts Starlings in Rome (Narrated by David Tennant)
5 million starlings stream into Rome every winter evening. They form some of the most mesmeric aerial displays to confuse and avoid a peregrine falcon on the...
Self-organization
Self-organization is the spontaneous often seemingly purposeful formation of spatial, temporal, spatiotemporal structures or functions in systems composed of few or many components. In physics, chemis...
Self-organization - Nanoparticle film senses strain with high sensitivity
Researchers in Greece have been working on techniques to make nanoparticles in vacuum and studying self-organization phenomena. In parallel the team based at the National Technical University o...
Emergence
In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence is a process whereby larger entities, patterns, and regularities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities that themselves...
Emergence - Wikipedia
Self-organization
Self-organization is a process where some form of overall order or coordination arises out of the local interactions between the components of an initially disordered system. This process is spontaneo...
Olami-Feder-Christensen model
In physics, in the area of dynamical systems, the Olami–Feder–Christensen model is an earthquake model conjectured to be an example of self-organized criticality where local exchange dynamics are not ...
Superorganism
A superorganism is an organism consisting of many organisms. The term is used most often to describe a social unit of eusocial animals, where division of labour is highly specialised and where individ...
Superorganism - Wikipedia
Self-organization
Self-organization is the spontaneous often seemingly purposeful formation of spatial, temporal, spatiotemporal structures or functions in systems composed of few or many components. In physics, chemis...
Conway's Game of Life
The Game of Life, also known simply as Life, is a cellular automaton devised by the British mathematician John Horton Conway in 1970.The "game" is a zero-player game, meaning that its evolution is det...
Conway's Game of Life - Wikipedia
Bow tie (biology)
In the biological sciences, the term bow tie (so called for its shape) is a recent concept that tries to grasp the essence of some operational and functional structures observed in biological organism...
Bow tie (biology) - Wikipedia
Forest-fire model
In applied mathematics, a forest-fire model is any of a number of dynamical systems displaying self-organized criticality. Note, however, that according to Pruessner et al. (2002, 2004) the forest-fir...
Forest-fire model - Wikipedia
Self-organized criticality
In physics, self-organized criticality (SOC) is a property of (classes of) dynamical systems that have a critical point as an attractor. Their macroscopic behaviour thus displays the spatial and/or t...
MASON (Java)
MASON is a multi-agent simulation environment developed in Java.
MASON has been developed at George Mason University's Evolutionary Computation Laboratory in conjunction with the GMU Center for So...
Dynamical system
A dynamical system is a concept in mathematics where a fixed rule describes how a point in a geometrical space depends on time. Examples include the mathematical models that describe the swinging of ...
Bak-Sneppen model
The Bak–Sneppen model is a simple model of co-evolution between interacting species. It was developed to show how self-organized criticality may explain key features of the fossil record, such as the ...
Bak-Sneppen model - Wikipedia
Chaos theory
Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics, with applications in several disciplines including meteorology, sociology, physics, engineering, economics, biology, and philosophy. Chaos theory studi...
Chaos theory - Wikipedia
Stigmergy
Stigmergy is a mechanism of indirect coordination between agents or actions. The principle is that the trace left in the environment by an action stimulates the performance of a next action, by the sa...
Promoting adversaries
Promoting adversaries refers to a self-organizing tactical relationship between opposing organizations (which can be countries, terrorist organizations, businesses, religious institutions, etc. and mi...
Self-replication
Self-replication is any behavior of a dynamical system that yields construction of an identical copy of itself. Biological cells, given suitable environments, reproduce by cell division. During cell d...
Swarm intelligence
Swarm intelligence (SI) is the collective behavior of decentralized, self-organized systems, natural or artificial. The concept is employed in work on artificial intelligence. The expression was intro...
Social network aggregation
Social network aggregation is the process of collecting content from multiple social network services, such as MySpace or Facebook, into one unified presentation. The task is often performed by a soci...
Weak emergence
In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence is a process whereby larger entities, patterns, and regularities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities that themselves...
Weak emergence - Wikipedia
Enterprise social networking
Enterprise social networking focuses on the use of online social networks or social relations among people who share business interests and/or activities. Enterprise social networking is often a facil...
Strong emergence
In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence is a process whereby larger entities, patterns, and regularities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities that themselves...
Strong emergence - Wikipedia
Molecular self-assembly
Molecular self-assembly is the process by which molecules adopt a defined arrangement without guidance or management from an outside source. There are two types of self-assembly. These are intramolec...
Molecular self-assembly - Wikipedia
Extended order
Extended order is an economics and sociology concept introduced by Friedrich Hayek in his book The Fatal Conceit. It is a description of what happens when a system embraces specialization and trade an...
Catallaxy
Catallaxy or catallactics is an alternative expression for the word "economy". Whereas the word economy suggests that people in a community possess a common and congruent set of values and goals, cata...
Complex systems
Complex systems present problems both in mathematical modelling and philosophical foundations. The study of complex systems represents a new approach to science that investigates how relationships be...
Folding (chemistry)
In chemistry, folding is the process by which a molecule assumes its shape or conformation. The process can also be described as intramolecular self-assembly, a type of molecular self-assembly, where...
Folding (chemistry) - Wikipedia