Late Antique Little Ice Age: Volcanic Eruptions Helped Trigger Fall Of Eastern Roman And Rise Of Arab Empire
A 'Late Antique Little Ice Age' 1,500 years ago, triggered by three large volcanic eruptions, contributed to the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire (aka Byzantine Empire) and the rise of the Arab Empire...
8 Things You May Not Know About The Gallipoli Campaign
On April 25, 1915, British-led troops poured onto the Ottoman Empire’s Gallipoli Peninsula in what was then the largest amphibious assault ever attempted. The plan, thought up once World War I’s Weste...
The Underground World of the Hagia Sophia
For over a thousand years until its fall to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, the city of Constantinople was one of the greatest urban centres in the Christian world. At the heart of this city was the Hagia
Vlad the Impaler the Inspiration Behind Count Dracula
Although vampires are often associated with Christianity (vampires are said to be repelled by holy objects such as crucifixes and holy water), the belief in these creatures, or beings with vampiric qu
Byzantium 330–1453
Highlighting the splendours of the Byzantine Empire, Byzantium 330–1453 comprises around 300 objects including icons, detached wall paintings, micro-mosaics, ivories, enamels plus gold and silver meta...
Anatolian beyliks
Anatolian beyliks (Turkish: Anadolu beylikleri, Ottoman Turkish: Tevâif-i mülûk, Beylik [bejlic]), sometimes known as Turkmen beyliks, were small Turkish principalities (or petty kingdoms) governe...
Anatolian beyliks - Wikipedia
Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine Empire, alternatively known as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking eastern half continuation and remainder of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquit...
Byzantine Empire - Wikipedia
Principality of Antioch
The Principality of Antioch was one of the crusader states created during the First Crusade which included parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria.The Principality of Antioch was much smaller than the Co...
Principality of Antioch - Wikipedia
Aq Qoyunlu
The Ağ Qoyunlu or Ak Koyunlu, also called the White Sheep Turkomans (Turkish: Akkoyunlular, Azerbaijani: Ağqoyunlu, Turkmen: Akgoýunly, Persian: آق قویونلو or آغ قویونلو), was a Sunni Oghu...
Aq Qoyunlu - Wikipedia
Sultanate of Rum
The Sultanate of Rum (Turkish: Anadolu Selçuklu Devleti, meaning "Anatolian Seljuk State"; Persian: سلجوقیان روم‎ Saljūqiyān-i Rūm) was a medieval Turko-Persian, Sunni Muslim state ...
Sultanate of Rum - Wikipedia
Kilij Arslan I
Kilij Arslan (Old Anatolian Turkish: قِلِج اَرسلان; Persian: قلج ارسلان‎;‎ 1079–1107) was the Seljuq Sultan of Rûm from 1092 until his death in 1107. He ruled the Sultanate during the ...
Zeno (emperor)
Zeno the Isaurian (/ˈziːnoʊ/; Latin: Flavius Zeno Augustus; Greek: Ζήνων; c. 425 – 9 April 491), originally named Tarasicodissa Rousombladadiotes /ˈtærəsɨs/, was Byzantine Emperor from 474 to 475 ...
Zeno (emperor) - Wikipedia
Late Antique Little Ice Age: Volcanic Eruptions Helped Trigger Fall Of Eastern Roman And Rise Of Arab Empire
A 'Late Antique Little Ice Age' 1,500 years ago, triggered by three large volcanic eruptions, contributed to the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire (aka Byzantine Empire) and the rise of the Arab Empire...
8 Things You May Not Know About The Gallipoli Campaign
On April 25, 1915, British-led troops poured onto the Ottoman Empire’s Gallipoli Peninsula in what was then the largest amphibious assault ever attempted. The plan, thought up once World War I’s Weste...
Joscelin I, Count of Edessa
Joscelin of Courtenay (or Joscelin I) (died 1131), Prince of Galilee and Lord of Turbessel (1115–1131) and Count of Edessa (1119–1131), ruled over the County of Edessa during its zenith, from 1118 to ...
Joscelin I, Count of Edessa - Wikipedia
Ottoman concubines
This is a list of Consorts of the Ottoman sultans, the wives and concubines of the monarchs of the Ottoman Empire who ruled over the transcontinental empire from its inception in 1299 to its dissoluti...
Hagia Sophia, Trabzon
39°41′46″E / 41.00333°N 39.69611°E / 41.00333; 39.69611The Church of Saint Sophia (Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, meaning "Holy Wisdom" Turkish: Ayasofya), formerly the Saint Soph...
Hagia Sophia, Trabzon - Wikipedia
Yoghurt
Yogurt, yoghurt, or yoghourt (/ˈjoʊɡərt/ or /ˈjɒɡət/; from Turkish: yoğurt; other spellings listed below) is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. The bacteria used to make yogurt are...
Yoghurt - Wikipedia
Officers of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia mirrored the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem in it selection of great offices: constable, marshal, seneschal, admiral, Chamberlain, butler, chancellor and at certain times a...
Officers of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia - Wikipedia
Harem
Harem ([haˈɾem], Turkish, from Arabic: حرم‎ ḥaram "forbidden place; sacrosanct, sanctum", related to حريم ḥarīm, "a sacred inviolable place; female members of the family" and حرام ḥarām, "fo...
Harem - Wikipedia
Alaattin Ali of Karaman
Alaattin Ali of Karaman (aka Damat Ali Bey) was a bey of Karaman Beylik, a Turkish principality in Anatolia in the 14th century. Like most other Karaman beys, Ali Bey was a rival of the rising Ottoma...
Latin Empire
The Empire of Romania (Latin: Imperium Romaniae), more commonly known in historiography as the Latin Empire (Greek: Λατινική Αυτοκρατορία) or Latin Empire of Constantinople, was a feudal Crusa...
Latin Empire - Wikipedia
Beylik of Tanrıbermiş
Beylik of Tanrıbermiş was a small and short-lived principality in western Anatolia (modern Turkey) during the late 11th century.After the battle of Malazgirt in 1071, Oghuz Turkmen (Turkoman) tribes l...
Beylik of Tanrıbermiş - Wikipedia
Alara Castle
The Alara Castle (Turkish: Alara Kalesi), is a historic fortification located at Alanya district of Antalya Province in southern Turkey.The castle was built under the Byzantine Empire, and in the ...
Alara Castle - Wikipedia
Battle of Chapakchur
The Battle of Chapakchur (Turkish:Çapakçur) was a decisive battle fought between Kara Koyunlu (Black Sheep Turkomen) under the leadership of Jahan Shah and Aq Qoyunlu (White Sheep Turkomen) under the ...
Battle of Chapakchur - Wikipedia