BBC Travel - Were these remote, wild islands the centre of everything?
Orkney’s number of Stone Age sites implies that the remote Scottish islands once may have been at the centre of it all. But why? An exciting new discovery could hold the clues.
Barnhouse Settlement
The Neolithic Barnhouse Settlement is sited by the shore of Loch of Harray, Orkney Mainland, Scotland, not far from the Standing Stones of Stenness, about 5 miles north-east of Stromness.It was discov...
Barnhouse Settlement - Wikipedia
BBC Travel - Were these remote, wild islands the centre of everything?
Orkney’s number of Stone Age sites implies that the remote Scottish islands once may have been at the centre of it all. But why? An exciting new discovery could hold the clues.
Prehistoric Orkney
Prehistoric Orkney refers to a period in the human occupation of the Orkney archipelago of Scotland that was the latter part of these islands' prehistory. The period of prehistory prior to occupation ...
Prehistoric Orkney - Wikipedia
Scillonian entrance grave
The entrance graves of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly, and south east Ireland are megalithic chamber tombs of the Neolithic and early Bronze Age in the British Isles. Comparable sites are also known...
Scillonian entrance grave - Wikipedia
Timber circle
In archaeology, timber circles are circular arrangements of wooden posts interpreted as being either complexes of freestanding totem poles or as the supports for large circular buildings.
Timber c...
Timber circle - Wikipedia
Prehistoric Shetland
Prehistoric Shetland refers to a period in the human occupation of the Shetland archipelago of Scotland that was the latter part of these islands' prehistory. The period of prehistory prior to occupat...
Prehistoric Shetland - Wikipedia
Wolstonian Stage
The Wolstonian Stage is a middle Pleistocene stage of the geological history of earth that precedes the Ipswichian Stage (Eemian Stage in Europe) and follows the Hoxnian Stage in the British Isles. Th...
Chambered cairn
A chambered cairn is a burial monument, usually constructed during the Neolithic, consisting of a sizeable (usually stone) chamber around and over which a cairn of stones was constructed. Some chamber...
Chambered cairn - Wikipedia
Henge enclosure
There are three related types of Neolithic earthwork that are all sometimes loosely called henges. The essential characteristic of all three types is that they feature a ring bank and ditch, but with...
Henge enclosure - Wikipedia
Tor enclosure
A tor enclosure is a prehistoric monument found in the southwestern part of the Great Britain. These monuments emerged around 4000 BC in the earlyNeolithic.
Tor enclosures are large enclosures sit...
Bank barrow
A bank barrow, sometimes referred to as a barrow-bank, ridge barrow, or ridge mound, is a type of tumulus first identified by O.G.S. Crawford in 1938.In the United Kingdom, they take the form of a lon...
Bank barrow - Wikipedia
Westray Wife
The Westray Wife (also known as the Orkney Venus) is a small Neolithic figurine, 4 centimetres (1.6 in) in height, carved from sandstone. It was discovered during an Historic Scotland dig at the...
Westray Wife - Wikipedia
V-shaped passage grave
V-shaped passage graves are a type of megalithic chamber tomb found in parts of Atlantic Europe including Ireland and the Channel Islands. They date to between 3500 and 2500BC.They are similar to Wed...
Mine Howe
Mine Howe is a prehistoric subterranean man-made chamber dug 20 feet deep inside a large mound. It is located in the Tankerness area of Orkney, about 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Kirkwall, the cap...
Mine Howe - Wikipedia
Ring of Brodgar
The Ring of Brodgar (or Brogar, or Ring o' Brodgar) is a Neolithic henge and stone circle about 6 miles north-east of Stromness on the Mainland, the largest island in Orkney, Scotland. It is part of t...
Ring of Brodgar - Wikipedia
Grooved ware
Grooved ware is the name given to a pottery style of the British Neolithic. Its manufacturers are sometimes known as the Grooved ware people. Unlike the later Beaker ware, Grooved culture was not an i...
Cairnpapple Hill
Cairnpapple Hill is a hill with a dominating position in central lowland Scotland with views from coast to coast. It was used and re-used as a major ritual site over about 4000 years, and in its day w...
Cairnpapple Hill - Wikipedia
Goidelic substrate hypothesis
The Goidelic substrate hypothesis refers to the hypothesized language or languages spoken in Ireland before the Iron Age arrival of the Goidelic languages.
Ireland was settled, like the rest of no...
Goidelic substrate hypothesis - Wikipedia
Peterborough ware
Peterborough ware is a decorated pottery style of the early to middle Neolithic. It is known for the impressed pits made by bone or wood implements in its sides. Whipped cord was also used to make cir...
Bowl barrow
Bowl Barrow is the name for a type of burial mound or tumulus. A barrow is a mound of earth used to cover a tomb. The bowl barrow gets its name from the fact that it looks like an upturned bowl. Relat...
Bowl barrow - Wikipedia
Midhowe Chambered Cairn
Midhowe Chambered Cairn is a large Neolithic chambered cairn located on the south shore of the island of Rousay, Orkney, Scotland. The name "Midhowe" comes from the Iron Age broch known as Midhowe Bro...
Midhowe Chambered Cairn - Wikipedia
Unstan ware
Unstan ware is the name used by archaeologists for a type of finely made and decorated Neolithic pottery from the 4th and 3rd millennia BC. Typical are elegant and distinctive shallow bowls with a ban...
Unstan ware - Wikipedia
Timeline of prehistoric Scotland
This timeline of prehistoric Scotland is a chronologically ordered list of important archaeological sites in Scotland and of major events affecting Scotland's human inhabitants and culture during the ...
Timeline of prehistoric Scotland - Wikipedia
Saltley handaxe
The Saltley handaxe is a quartzite hand axe found in the gravels of the valley of the River Rea in the Saltley area of Birmingham, England in 1890. Believed to be approximately 500,000 years old, it w...
Saltley handaxe - Wikipedia
Causewayed ring ditch
A causewayed ring ditch is a type of prehistoric monument.It comprises a roughly circular ditch, segmented by several causeways which cross it. Within the ditch is a central area used for inhumations...
Neolithic British Isles
The Neolithic British Isles refers to the period of British, Irish and Manx history that spanned from circa 4000 to circa 2,500 BCE. The final part of the Stone Age in the British Isles, it was a part...
Neolithic British Isles - Wikipedia