Sumer
Sumer (/ˈsuːmər/), or Sumeria, was one of the ancient civilizations and historical regions in southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. Although th...
Sumer - Wikipedia
The Rise and Fall of Sumer and Akkad
The Sumerians were the first known people to settle in Mesopotamia over 7,000 years ago. Located in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (modern day Iraq), Sum...
Sumer
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History of Sumer
The history of Sumer, taken to include the prehistoric Ubaid and Uruk periods, spans the 5th to 3rd millennia BC, ending with the downfall of the Third Dynasty of Ur around 2004 BC, followed by a tran...
History of Sumer - Wikipedia
Sumerian King List
The Sumerian King List is an ancient manuscript originally recorded in the Sumerian language, listing kings of Sumer (ancient southern Iraq) from Sumerian and neighboring dynasties, their supposed rei...
Geography of Sumer
The Geography of Mesopotamia, encompassing its ethnology and history, centred on the two great rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates. While the southern is flat and marshy; the near approach of the two riv...
Sumerian language
Sumerian (𒅴𒂠 EME.G̃IR15 "native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer, which was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). During the 3rd millennium BC, a very intimate cultural symbiosis de...
Sumerian language - Wikipedia
Sumerian architecture
The architecture of Mesopotamian is the ancient architecture of the region of the Tigris–Euphrates river system (also known as Mesopotamia), encompassing several distinct cultures and spanning a perio...
Sumerian architecture - Wikipedia
Sumerian music
This article treats the music of Ancient Mesopotamia.Cuneiform sources reveal an orderly organized system of diatonic scales, depending on the tuning of stringed instruments in alternating fifths and ...
Sumerian renaissance
The Third Dynasty of Ur, also known as the Neo-Sumerian Empire, refers simultaneously to a 21st to 20th century BC (short chronology timeline) Sumerian ruling dynasty based in the city of Ur and a sho...
Sumerian mythology
The Sumerian religion influenced Mesopotamian mythology as a whole, surviving in the mythologies and religions of the Hurrians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and other culture groups.
Sumeria...
Sumerian mythology - Wikipedia
Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia. Dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur (circa 2100 BC), it is often regarded as the first great work of literature. The literary history o...
Epic of Gilgamesh - Wikipedia
Murashu family
The house of Murashu (the house of the wild cats) was a family discovered in archaeological findings dating to the late 19th century. The family was alive during the 5th century of Sumer participating...
Gu-Edin
Gu-Edin (also transcribed Gu'edena) was a flat field in Sumer, in modern day Iraq. It lay between Umma and Lagash. Enakalli, Ensi of Umma, purposely destroyed the irrigation works in the field to cr...
Nanum (king)
Nanum or Nanium was a king of the Akkadian Empire who ascended the throne in 2257 BC. After the death of the previous ruler of Akkad, Shar-Kali-Sharri, he jockeyed for power with three other rival ki...
Third Dynasty of Ur
The Third Dynasty of Ur, also known as the Neo-Sumerian Empire, refers simultaneously to a 21st to 20th century BC (short chronology timeline) Sumerian ruling dynasty based in the city of Ur and a sho...
The Mask of Warka
The Mask of Warka, also known as the 'Lady of Uruk' and the 'Sumerian Mona Lisa', dating from 3100 BC, is one of the earliest representations of the human face. The carved marble female face is probab...
The Mask of Warka - Wikipedia
Tell Brak
Tell Brak, ancient Nagar, is a tell, or settlement mound, in the Upper Khabur area in Al-Hasakah Governorate, northeastern Syria. The site was occupied between the sixth and second millennia BC. At 40...
Tell Brak - Wikipedia
Ilku
Ilku of Kish was the twentieth Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list.
Sippar
44°15′08″E / 33.058829°N 44.252153°E / 33.058829; 44.252153 (Sippar)Sippar (Sumerian: Zimbir) was an ancient Near Eastern city on the east bank of the Euphrates river,...
Sippar - Wikipedia
Sharur (mythological weapon)
Sharur, which means "smasher of thousands" is the weapon and mythic symbol of the god Ninurta. Sumerian mythic sources describe it as an enchanted talking mace. It has been suggested as a possible pre...
Mudhif
A mudhīf is a traditional reed house made by the Madan people (also known as Marsh Arabs) in the swamps of southern Iraq. In the traditional Madan way of living, houses are constructed from reeds harv...
Mudhif - Wikipedia