What Is The Oldest Known Piece Of Music?
The history of music is as old as humanity itself. Archaeologists have found primitive flutes made of bone and ivory dating back as far as 43,000 years, and it’s likely that many ancient musical style...
Ziggurat
Ziggurats (/ˈzɪɡəræt/ ZIG-ər-at; Akkadian ziqqurat, D-stem of zaqāru "to build on a raised area") were massive structures built in the ancient Mesopotamian valley and western Iranian plateau, having t...
Ziggurat - Wikipedia
What Is The Oldest Known Piece Of Music?
The history of music is as old as humanity itself. Archaeologists have found primitive flutes made of bone and ivory dating back as far as 43,000 years, and it’s likely that many ancient musical style...
Warka Vase
The Warka Vase is a carved alabaster stone vessel found in the temple complex of the Sumerian goddess Inanna in the ruins of the ancient city of Uruk, located in the modern Al Muthanna Governorate, in...
Ziggurat of Dur-Kurigalzu
Dur-Kurigalzu (modern `Aqar-Qūf عقرقوف in Baghdad Governorate, Iraq) was a city in southern Mesopotamia near the confluence of the Tigris and Diyala rivers about 30 kilometres (19 mi) west of the...
Ziggurat of Dur-Kurigalzu - Wikipedia
Babylonian calendar
The Babylonian calendar was a lunisolar calendar with years consisting of 12 lunar months, each beginning when a new crescent moon was first sighted low on the western horizon at sunset, plus an inter...
Ziggurat of Ur
The Ziggurat of Ur (sometimes called the "Great Ziggurat of Ur"; Sumerian E-temen-nigur(u) É.TEMEN.NÍ.GÙR(U).(RU) 𒂍𒋼𒉎𒅍(𒊒) meaning "house whose foundation creates terror") is a Neo-Sumerian zigg...
Ziggurat of Ur - Wikipedia
The Mask of Warka
The Mask of Warka, also known as the 'Lady of Uruk' and the 'Sumerian Mona Lisa', dating from 3100 BC, is one of the earliest representations of the human face. The carved marble female face is probab...
The Mask of Warka - Wikipedia
Copper Bull
The Copper Bull is a sculpture in copper found near the ancient Sumerian city of Ur, now in southern Iraq, by Sir Leonard Woolley in 1923. The sculpture, which dates from about 2600 BCE, is now in th...
Copper Bull - Wikipedia
Statues of Gudea
Approximately twenty-seven statues of Gudea, a ruler (ensi) of the state of Lagash have been found in southern Mesopotamia. Gudea ruled between ca. 2144 - 2124 BC and the statues demonstrate a very so...
Statues of Gudea - Wikipedia
Nimrud ivories
The Nimrud ivories are carved ivory plaques and figures dating from the 9th to the 7th centuries BC that were excavated from the Assyrian city of Nimrud (in modern Ninawa in Iraq) during the 19th and ...
Nimrud ivories - Wikipedia
Etemenanki
44°25′15″E / 32.53639°N 44.42083°E / 32.53639; 44.42083Etemenanki (Sumerian 𒂍𒋼𒀭𒆠 "temple of the foundation of heaven and earth") was the name of a ziggurat dedicated to ...
Etemenanki - Wikipedia
Architecture of Mesopotamia
The architecture of Mesopotamian is the ancient architecture of the region of the Tigris–Euphrates river system (also known as Mesopotamia), encompassing several distinct cultures and spanning a perio...
Architecture of Mesopotamia - Wikipedia
Ram in a Thicket
The Ram in a Thicket is one of a pair of figures excavated in Ur, in southern Iraq, and which date from about 2600-2400 BC. One is currently exhibited in the Mesopotamia Gallery in Room 56 in the Brit...
Ram in a Thicket - Wikipedia
Shikaft-e Gulgul
Shikaft-e Gulgul (or Gulgulcave) site is an Assyria rock relief and inscription located in the vicinity of Gulgul, a village near Mount Pushta-e Kuh at Ilam in Iran. It was discovered by Louis Vande...
Shikaft-e Gulgul - Wikipedia
Standard of Ur
The Standard of Ur (also known as the "Battle Standard of Ur," or the "Royal Standard of Ur") is a Sumerian artifact excavated from what had been the Royal Cemetery in the ancient city of Ur (located ...
Standard of Ur - Wikipedia
Ancient Mesopotamian units of measurement
Ancient Mesopotamian units of measurement originated in the loosely organized city-states of Early Dynastic Sumer. Each city, kingdom and trade guild had its own standards until the formation of the ...
Ancient Mesopotamian units of measurement - Wikipedia
Tell Asmar Hoard
The twelve statues known collectively as the Tell Asmar Hoard (Early Dynastic I-II, ca. 2900-2550 B.C.) were unearthed in 1933 at Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar) in the Diyala Region of Iraq. Despite sub...
Tell Asmar Hoard - Wikipedia
Assyrian statue (BM 124963)
The Assyrian statue (British Museum number 124963) was originally set up in the temple of Ishtar in Nineveh (near the modern city of Mosul in northern Iraq). The statue remains the only known Assyrian...
Assyrian statue (BM 124963) - Wikipedia
Uruk
Uruk (Cuneiform: 𒌷𒀔, UNUG; Sumerian: Unug; Akkadian: Uruk; Aramaic/Hebrew: אֶרֶךְ Erech; Ancient Greek: Ὀρχόη Orchoē, Ὠρύγεια Ōrugeia; Arabic: وركاء‎, Warkā') was an ancient city...
Uruk - Wikipedia
Bucket and cone
Bucket and Cone refer to twin attributes that are frequently held in the hands of various genies depicted in Neo-Assyrian art (and especially palace reliefs) - sometimes, however, only the bucket is h...
Bucket and cone - Wikipedia
Rakhleh
Rakhlah (Arabic: رخلة‎; also spelled Rakhleh or Rakleh), previously known as Zenopolis, is a village situated 31 kilometres (19 mi) west of Damascus, Syria. According to the Syria Centr...
Urban history
Urban history is a field of history that examines the historical nature of cities and towns, and the process of urbanization. The approach is often multidisciplinary, crossing boundaries into fields l...
Tummal Inscription
The Tummal Inscription is a writing of ancient Sumeria from the time of the ruler Ishbi-Erra. The writing lists the names of the rulers that built the temples dedicated to Enlil within Nippur and ...
Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III is a black limestone Neo-Assyrian bas-relief sculpture from Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), in northern Iraq, commemorating the deeds of King Shalmaneser III (reigned 858-...
Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III - Wikipedia