Gungunum
Gungunum ruled the ancient Near East city-state of Larsa from 1868 BC to 1841 BC. He was an Amorite, the son of Samium. He was a contemporary of Lipit-Ishtar of Isin, and took control of the city of U...
Sin-Eribam
Sin-Eribam ruled the ancient Near East Amorite city-state of Larsa for only two years, from c. 1778 BC to 1776 BC.
Jushur
Jushur (also transliterated Jucur, Gushur, Ngushur, Gishur, etc.; earlier read as Gaur), according to the Sumerian king list, was the first king of the first dynasty of Kish. It claims he reigned in S...
En-tarah-ana
En-tarah-ana of Kish was the fourth Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list.
Dudu of Akkad
Dudu was a 21st-century BC king of Akkad, who reigned for 21 years according to the Sumerian king list, although he is poorly attested archaeologically.He is depicted as becoming king during the time ...
Utu-hengal
Utu-hengal (also written Utu-heg̃al, Utu-heĝal, and sometimes transcribed as Utu-hegal, Utu-hejal) was one of the first native kings of Sumer after centuries of Akkadian and Gutian rule.
There are...
Nanum (king)
Nanum or Nanium was a king of the Akkadian Empire who ascended the throne in 2257 BC. After the death of the previous ruler of Akkad, Shar-Kali-Sharri, he jockeyed for power with three other rival ki...
Rimush
Rimush (or Rimuš) was the second king of the Akkadian Empire. He was the son of Sargon of Akkad and Queen Tashlultum. He was succeeded by his brother Manishtushu, and was an uncle of Naram-Sin of Akka...
Rimush - Wikipedia
Arwium
Arwium of Kish was the twelfth Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list. His father was Mashda, and his grandfather was Atab.
Tizqar
Tizqar of Kish was the nineteenth Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list.
Ilulu
Ilulu or Elulu, according to the Sumerian king list, was one of four rivals vying to be king of the Akkadian Empire, during a three year period after the death of Shar-kali-sharri.While there is virtu...
Imta
Imta or Nibia was a Gutian ruler in Sumer from ca. 2138 BC to 2135 BC (short chronology).
Erridupizir
Erridupizir was a Gutian ruler in Sumer from ca. 2141 BC to 2138 BC (short chronology). His reign is attested by a royal inscription at Nippur where he calls himself "King of Guti, King of the Four Qu...
Shulme
Shulme was a Gutian ruler in Sumer from ca. 2126 BC to 2120 BC.
Gilgamesh
Gilgamesh (/ˈɡɪl.ɡə.mɛʃ/; 𒄑𒂆𒈦, Gilgameš, originally Bilgamesh 𒄑𒉈𒂵𒈩) was a king of Uruk, Mesopotamia, who lived sometime between 2800 and 2500 BC. He is the main character in the Epic of Gilgame...
Gilgamesh - Wikipedia
Enmerkar
Enmerkar, according to the Sumerian king list, was the builder of Uruk in Sumer, and was said to have reigned for "420 years" (some copies read "900 years").The king list adds that Enmerkar became kin...
Enmerkar - Wikipedia
Mesannepada
Mesannepada (or Mesh-Ane-pada, "youngling chosen by An") was the first king listed for the first dynasty of Ur (ca. the 25th century BC) on the Sumerian king list. He is listed to have ruled for 80 ye...
Kullassina-bel
Kullassina-bel of Kish was the second king in the First Dynasty of Kish according to the Sumerian king list, which adds that he reigned for 960 years (or 900 in some copies).As the name seems to be a...
Gutian dynasty of Sumer
The Gutian dynasty came to power in Mesopotamia around 2150 BC (short chronology), by destabilising Akkad, according to the Sumerian kinglist at the end of the reign of king Ur-Utu (or Lugal-melem) of...
Warad-Sin
Warad-Sin ruled the ancient Near East city-stateof Larsa from 1770 BC to 1758 BC. There are indications that hisfather Kudur-Mabuk was co-regent or at very least the power behind thethrone. His sister...
Warad-Sin - Wikipedia
Ilku
Ilku of Kish was the twentieth Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list.
Shar-Kali-Sharri
Shar-Kali-Sharri (Akk. = "King of all Kings") was a king of the Akkadian Empire.
According to the Sumerian King List, he was the son of Naram-Sin and reigned for 25 (or 24) years - around 2100 BC....
Ubara-Tutu
Ubara-tutu (or Ubartutu) of Shuruppak was the last antediluvian king of Sumer. He was said to have reigned for 18,600 years.Ubaratutu lived until the deluge swept over the land, like Lamech, the fathe...
Enshakushanna
Enshakushanna (or En-shag-kush-ana, Enukduanna, En-Shakansha-Ana) was a king of Uruk in the later 3rd millennium BC who is named on the Sumerian king list, which states his reign to have been 60 years...
Sin-Iqisham
Sin-Iqisham ruled the ancient Near East city-stateof Larsa from 1776 BC to 1771 BC. He was the son of Sin-Eribam and a contemporary of Zambiya of Isin.The annals for his five-year reign record that he...
Kalibum
Kalibum of Kish was the seventh Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list.This name is written "Ga-lí-bu-um ... normalized as Kalibum", and is...
Sarlagab
Sarlagab or Zarlagab was a Gutian ruler mentioned on the Sumerian king list as reigning for 6 years, possibly ca. 2129 BC to 2126 BC.He may have in fact been a contemporary of the Akkadian king Shar-k...
Etana
Etana was an ancient Sumerian king of the city of Kish. According to the Sumerian king list, he reigned after the deluge. He is listed as the successor of Arwium, the son of Mashda, as king of Kish. T...
Noah
In Abrahamic religions, Noah (/ˈnoʊ.ə/), or Noé or Noach (Hebrew: נֹחַ,‎ נוֹחַ,  Noaẖ,  Nōăḥ; Syriac: ܢܘܚ Nukh; Arabic: نُوح‎ Nūḥ; Ancient Greek: Νῶε), was the tenth...
Noah - Wikipedia