En-tarah-ana
En-tarah-ana of Kish was the fourth Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list.
Lipit-Ishtar
Lipit-Ishtar (Lipit-Eshtar), was the fifth ruler of the first dynasty of Isin, and ruled from around 1870 BCE to 1860 BCE. Some documents and royal inscriptions from his time have survived, but he is ...
Dudu of Akkad
Dudu was a 21st-century BC king of Akkad, who reigned for 21 years according to the Sumerian king list, although he is poorly attested archaeologically.He is depicted as becoming king during the time ...
Utu-hengal
Utu-hengal (also written Utu-heg̃al, Utu-heĝal, and sometimes transcribed as Utu-hegal, Utu-hejal) was one of the first native kings of Sumer after centuries of Akkadian and Gutian rule.
There are...
Ilulu
Ilulu or Elulu, according to the Sumerian king list, was one of four rivals vying to be king of the Akkadian Empire, during a three year period after the death of Shar-kali-sharri.While there is virtu...
Imta
Imta or Nibia was a Gutian ruler in Sumer from ca. 2138 BC to 2135 BC (short chronology).
Erridupizir
Erridupizir was a Gutian ruler in Sumer from ca. 2141 BC to 2138 BC (short chronology). His reign is attested by a royal inscription at Nippur where he calls himself "King of Guti, King of the Four Qu...
Gilgamesh
Gilgamesh (/ˈɡɪl.ɡə.mɛʃ/; 𒄑𒂆𒈦, Gilgameš, originally Bilgamesh 𒄑𒉈𒂵𒈩) was a king of Uruk, Mesopotamia, who lived sometime between 2800 and 2500 BC. He is the main character in the Epic of Gilgame...
Gilgamesh - Wikipedia
Noah
In Abrahamic religions, Noah (/ˈnoʊ.ə/), or Noé or Noach (Hebrew: נֹחַ,‎ נוֹחַ,  Noaẖ,  Nōăḥ; Syriac: ܢܘܚ Nukh; Arabic: نُوح‎ Nūḥ; Ancient Greek: Νῶε), was the tenth...
Noah - Wikipedia
Zuqaqip
Zuqaqip of Kish was the ninth Sumerian king of the semi-legendary First Dynasty of Kish (between c. 2900 and c. 2700 BC), according to the Sumerian King List, where his length of reign is given as 900...
Enmerkar
Enmerkar, according to the Sumerian king list, was the builder of Uruk in Sumer, and was said to have reigned for "420 years" (some copies read "900 years").The king list adds that Enmerkar became kin...
Enmerkar - Wikipedia
Mesannepada
Mesannepada (or Mesh-Ane-pada, "youngling chosen by An") was the first king listed for the first dynasty of Ur (ca. the 25th century BC) on the Sumerian king list. He is listed to have ruled for 80 ye...
Kullassina-bel
Kullassina-bel of Kish was the second king in the First Dynasty of Kish according to the Sumerian king list, which adds that he reigned for 960 years (or 900 in some copies).As the name seems to be a...
Ilku
Ilku of Kish was the twentieth Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list.
Shar-Kali-Sharri
Shar-Kali-Sharri (Akk. = "King of all Kings") was a king of the Akkadian Empire.
According to the Sumerian King List, he was the son of Naram-Sin and reigned for 25 (or 24) years - around 2100 BC....
Enshakushanna
Enshakushanna (or En-shag-kush-ana, Enukduanna, En-Shakansha-Ana) was a king of Uruk in the later 3rd millennium BC who is named on the Sumerian king list, which states his reign to have been 60 years...
Sin-Iqisham
Sin-Iqisham ruled the ancient Near East city-stateof Larsa from 1776 BC to 1771 BC. He was the son of Sin-Eribam and a contemporary of Zambiya of Isin.The annals for his five-year reign record that he...
Kalibum
Kalibum of Kish was the seventh Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list.This name is written "Ga-lí-bu-um ... normalized as Kalibum", and is...
Sarlagab
Sarlagab or Zarlagab was a Gutian ruler mentioned on the Sumerian king list as reigning for 6 years, possibly ca. 2129 BC to 2126 BC.He may have in fact been a contemporary of the Akkadian king Shar-k...
Etana
Etana was an ancient Sumerian king of the city of Kish. According to the Sumerian king list, he reigned after the deluge. He is listed as the successor of Arwium, the son of Mashda, as king of Kish. T...
Ziusudra
Ziusudra (also Zi-ud-sura and Zin-Suddu; Hellenized Xisuthros: "found long life" or "life of long days") of Shuruppak is listed in the WB-62 Sumerian king list recension as the last king of Sumer prio...
En-men-lu-ana
En-men-lu-ana of Bad-tibira was the third pre-dynastic king of Sumer (before ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list. He is also the longest-reigning king, according to the Sumerian king li...
En-men-dur-ana
En-men-dur-ana (also Emmeduranki) of Sippar was an ancient Sumerian king, whose name appears in the Sumerian King List as the seventh pre-dynastic king of Sumer (before ca. 2900 BC). He was said to ha...
Barsal-nuna
Barsal-nuna of Kish was the seventeenth Sumerian king in the First Dynasty of Kish (after ca. 2900 BC), according to the Sumerian king list.
Gilgamesh flood myth
The Gilgamesh flood myth is a flood myth in the Epic of Gilgamesh. Many scholars believe that the flood myth was added to Tablet XI in the "standard version" of the Gilgamesh Epic by an editor who uti...
Gilgamesh flood myth - Wikipedia
Nanum (king)
Nanum or Nanium was a king of the Akkadian Empire who ascended the throne in 2257 BC. After the death of the previous ruler of Akkad, Shar-Kali-Sharri, he jockeyed for power with three other rival ki...
Lugal-Anne-Mundu
Lugal-Anne-Mundu (ca. 25th century BC) was the most important king of the city-state Adab in Sumer. The Sumerian king list claims he reigned for 90 years, following the defeat of Meskiaj-nanna of Ur...
Udul-kalama
Udul-kalama of Uruk was the seventh Sumerian ruler in the First Dynasty of Uruk (ca. 26th century BC), according to the Sumerian king list. He was a son of Ur-Nungal and grandson of Gilgamesh. However...
Gungunum
Gungunum ruled the ancient Near East city-state of Larsa from 1868 BC to 1841 BC. He was an Amorite, the son of Samium. He was a contemporary of Lipit-Ishtar of Isin, and took control of the city of U...